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information about state

ANDORRA – GENERAL  INFORMATION

 

Capital:                                Andorra La Vella

Population:                           69 865

GNP:                                     + 4% (2004)

Official Language:              Catalunyan

The Principality of Andorra  is an inland state sitated on southwest of Europe. Thanks to its largeness is very influenced  by neighbour states – i.e. by Spain and France.

POLITICS

Old feudal system was modified in 1993, when the citizens of Andorra approved on 14th March the first written constitution . Since 4th May 1993  is Andorra a Parliament democracy, where the titular Heads of State are the French President and Spanish Bishop of seo de Urgell. These persons are represented  by local officials.

Women obtained the elections  rights in 1970 only.

In Andorra there are no Army Forces.

GEOGRAPHY

Andorra is a small state in south-west Europe situated between France on the North (frontier long 57 kms) and Spain on South ( frontier long 64 kms) in an altitude of 900 m. This small state is extending in a ring-shaped basin surrounded by Pyrenees Mountains. The capital Andorra la Vella is situated in a valley of the river Valira.

THE NATURE

Andorra is laying in the eastern part of Pyrenees and is surrounded with mountains of 3000 m high. Through the valley of Valira-river is passing the frontier with Spain. Nearly one half of a country is situated in the level on  afforestation level , only on South there are several areas lower then 1000 m. On afforested slopes there is prevailing the black pine.

The climate is similar as in the other countries and areas, thanks to comparatively high altitude the is  enough snow in the winter and the summer is colder.

HEALTH CARE

The medical care is on high level. It is necessary to maintain the standard hygiene.

Doing the sports, you take into consideration the mountain level and altitude, to take  caloric solid  food  and maintain the drink regime.

TRANSPORT

Very good roads nest are available, there is , however, no airport and no railway connection.

PRESS, TV

Press and TV position is defined  by France and Spain. The citizens of Andorra have the possibility to follow the broadcasting from both countries. A In Andorra there is a seat of Broadcasting Station Sud Radio, which is an important station for southwest of France.

The constitution guarantees the liberty of press.

Place

Andorra

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