SVK: Safely On The Mountains II. - High Tatra
In the second part of our series of articles on safety in the mountains we will deal with little Alps High Tatra, which are characteristic of their unique alpine mountains in Slovakia. Their articulation and slope are among the most dangerous pitfalls that ordinary visitors must overcome not only in winter.
During the winter we go to the High Tatra, mainly due to skiing, but some of us like walking tours. Frost could be one of the dangers of winter tourism. During a day usually reaches -10 to -15 ° C. Even at temperatures of minus can be protected in low limbs to frostbite, but also some parts of the face (especially if it is windy). But at extreme temperatures (around -30 ° C), which in this area occur relatively frequently, it is necessary not only special equipment, as well as acclimatization.
If we got a feeling that we are numb fingers begin to move with them intensely to circulate blood again. Also the face we should check more often, because if there are irregular white spots, it's been a consequence of early frostbite. This affected place immediately massage and rub by protective cream.
Snowfall usually brings warming, but also significantly changes the stability of the snow and also reduces visibility and orientation in the field. Therefore it is necessary to end the tour as soon as possible and get to the next chat or meet in the valley. In the case of a group of tourism should also maintain acoustic contact. If snowfall combines with intense wind and storm occurs, it can have fatal consequences. In case that stuck in a constant storm buries you need to do to be firm and blocks of snow from the top cover. We must not forget either the vent hole. The burrows then we can safely wait out until the weather improves.
Danger could be in thaw time as well, where steeper slopes may be melting, which easily pulls as well as man and cause him injury. Therefore, visual inspection is necessary slope to prevent early intervention slippery snow. Otherwise, it's not even a spring snow, which is unlike the summer extremely soft, full of water and incoherent. If you walk through the snow field, we risk being thrown. If this happens, you need to immediately stretch your hands, and bend to go wrong. Perhaps the greatest danger is avalanche. Prevention begins before the actual hike in the form of information about the current state of the field to the Mountain Rescue Service.
Typical avalanches nature in the High Tatra is the smaller size against another mountain. Avalanches usually fall in the narrow troughs, but also in the valleys. If the declared 4.stupeň avalanche danger, is not recommended winter hike. Already in grade 3 would be less proficient skiers and tourists should not give into the mountains. If after all we go on a hike, we must not forget the obligatory anti avalanche equipment, such as shovel, probe and search engine. The suspect slope should always enter only one person who in any case not rise to the cornice, because it could have disastrous consequences. In the fall of avalanches is needed in the shortest time to find and rescue avalanche victims. If we fail to immediately contact the Mountain Rescue Service.
If you can reach us at night somewhere in the snowy ridge of Tatra, it is always a critical situation, because the night temperatures drop well below freezing. If one adds to the wind begins to literally fight for their lives. Therefore it is necessary in advance to prepare for emergency overnight stays. Ideally, you set up a tent, or burrows or igloos. It is important to wear everything that we have in the backpack. If we bring a candle, ignite it. In our shelter we can raise the temperature up to 4 ° C, of course contact the Mountain Rescue Service and as accurately describe our position. The fog could be another danger. Even while coming, we have to remember as many details, such as trees, rocks, forms the ridge. It is best to wait until the fog subsided. Should long-term nature, the ideal is not to risk and return back along the original route of the valley, or to the nearest mountain hut.
This article describes just a small amount of risk that exists in the high mountains. Responsible preparation and reliable equipment eliminate potential risks.
Text: Oscar Mažgút
Source and photo: hory.sk
After visiting many places we return to nature today. Our steps lead us to beautiful, untamed, and unique Western Tatras, concretely to the Rohace.
Vysoke Tatra sis one of the most beautiful nature gems in Slovakia. These high mountains lure tourists for their grandiosity, monumentality and immesurable beauty of their deep valleys and sharp pyramidal peaks reaching up to the skies. Jehneci pyramidal peak (2 230 m) one of the accessible summits in the High Tatras. The climb is amazing and valuable experience.
One beautiful day we came into conclusion to climb one of the Tatranian shields. Therefore, we travelled to Strbske Pleso lake and from there we set off for the Salisko summit.
Slovakia is a rich country. It has many historical and natural beauties. 40 % of its area cover forests in which many protected and unique spiecies of plants and animals live. For them protected areas of various characters were declared. Today we will visit one of them.
Perhaps every one of us has visited the High Tatras. Beautiful enchanting nature, noble and sharp peaks of mountains or crystal clear lakes give the place its unique feeling that you wouldn’t find anywhere else. Today alpine cottages enrich this scene. We will examine their history on the following lines.
Every true Czechoslovak visited Štrbské Pleso. This Slovakian prides is located in High Tatras and is strictly demarcated by nature. It requires no physical endurance and despite cold it is a cozy place opened to everyone who comes to see it.
City of Vysové Tatry is in terms of cadastral area the largest city in the Slovak Republic. It consists by fourteen settlements, of which perhaps the best known and most sought after tourist are two villages called Smokovec.
More than six weeks, we have to you - our readers, bringing a series on safety in the mountains. Today, this series of these articles finishing. In the final part we will tell you what kind of risk you could meet on Small and Big Fatra in the summer time.
In previous parts of our series, we focused mainly alpine mountains. Today we focus on the mountains nearly 1000 m lower. We will talk about Small and Big Fatra. This height difference is reflected in the character of the climate of the mountains and therefore also on slightly different of risk of movement in this area.
In the fifth part of series about the safety of the mountains we will talk about the basic rules of movement and behavior the Western and Low Tatra area in summer. Summer tourism in our area is very popular activity. That is why, in terms of injuries, are among the busiest period of rescuers.
In the fourth part of our series about the safety on the mountains, we focus on morphologically related to mountains, and therefore we will focus on the Western and low Tatra. Their bedrock consists mainly of alumina surface, but not only part of Roháče and the section of Ďumbier - Chopok.
The third part of our series of articles about safety in the mountains will be about small Alps High Tatra, but this winter succeeds summer. Seemingly, we can assume that the accident in the summer is lower because so many of us lurking natural hazards such as in winter, but the contrary is the case of true.
Many times we could hear from the TV news not that happy news about tourists who went to the mountains and overestimated their strength or underestimated the strength of the mountains and the unpredictability of weather. This series of articles we want to help you to how to behave the best and safe on the mountains.
In the eastern part of the High Tatras in the end of Zelené pleso valley there is the Cottage by Zelené pleso. This popular place is often called “Brnčalka”. The cottage lies by an emerald green lake surrounded by massive peaks of the High Tatras. The history of the cottage began towards the end of the 19th century. Come with us and learn about this cottage in the middle of mountains.
Soon winter closure of Tatranian tourist trails (15th June 2014) weill end. Therefore, in advance we bring you an interesting alpine hike trip. Our goal today is the peak of the peaks, the symbol of Slovakia – majestic Krivan in the High Tatras.
Today we go for a romantic walk to Strbske Pleso, a district of Strba town. It is a place that is popular among fishermen, however today it is a place where families with children go to, or where couples meet in the middle of Tatranian nature.
Two weeks later we go again to the Tatras. This time we visit a small village of Tatranska Lesna. It is located almost in the middle on the road from Stary Smokovec and Tatranska Lomnica. On one side it borders with the Path of Freedom and from the other side with the mouth of Studena Valley.
The one who loves adventure and is reasonably physically fit, undoubtedly would like a few tips about easy winter hikes Velka Studena Valley, located in the Slovak part of the High Tatras. A year-round open cottage, Zbojnicka Chata (1960 meters), which waits for us in this valley, offers a place to rest, refreshment and cozy accommodation. We can spend here a few days without getting away from the surrounding of Tatranian peaks. Keep in mind, however, that the motion in the Tatras in winter outside marked trails is very limited according to the TANAP rules!
Although winter is in full swing and snow inspires people to put on ski boots rather than hiking boots. However, it is time to schedule trips for the summer season. Those planning to go to the High Tatras, for example, may rise to one of the easternmost mountains shields, Velka Svistovka (2037 meters). Because the adjacent Kezmarska Biela Voda Valley could be walked through also in winter, many winter hikers will appreciate the following tip.
As many other places in the High Tatras (2314 meters) even Bystre Sedlo is not that well known among tourists. Perhaps, it is given to the fact that there is no cottage that would offer tourists some refreshments after being whole day on food. Or, perhaps, the route is not leading to any of the High Tatras’ peaks. There are only a few people but you will definitely enjoy your time in untouched Tatran nature.
Today our steps head to a Tatranian village located beneath the second highest peak in Slovakia. Lomnicky Stit. Tatranska Lomnica is one of the most beautiful areas of Vysoke Tatry city district. It hides not only rich architectural history, or the largest ski resort in the Tatras but also the new Ski museum.
Fall is perfect for walks in nature. Today we follow spa sidewalk, which is less known to the public, that we accidentally discovered in the High Tatras, in the village of Stary Smokovec.
The Tatranian National Park offers many beauties. High and steep mountains, deep valleys, majestic falls, unseen beautiful fauna and flora and also beautiful things hidden in depths of the area such as various caves. Only one of them, though, is open to the public.
It is advantageous to keep a couple of basic rules, in order not to be wounded and everything turned out well for your succesfull home-return. We are sure that nobody of us is planning some accident but in spite of all of this it occures, however. It is good to be ready for all occasions and overcome all situations with as small consequences as possible.
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