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Cerova Highland - Slovakia

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Cerova Highland is placed in south of Central Slovakia, at the border with Hungary, in Region of Banská Bystrica, in Lučenec and Rimavska Sobota districts. The complex belongs to Matra-Slaná area, which forms a part of Internal West Carpathian Mountains.

Extent:

503 square kilometres

The highest hill:

Karanč - 728 metres above sea level


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Short characteristics:

Cerova Highland was created during last period of volcanic activity. The bases are formed with neogene sediments with predominance of limestone sandstones, broken through andesite, ryolite and basaltic volcanities. The relief has mostly hilly character, worked out with basaltic panels of volcanic chimneys and slag cones are rising. Šomoška, nine metres high basaltic „waterfall“ is presented as most intuitive structure of basalt disintegration in Slovakia. In Cerova Highland, you can also find most expressively formed vent (chimney) Soví hrad (Owl castle), near to the community of Šurice, which forms a rock, 85 metres high.

To another interesting vent in this locality, it belongs Hajčanka Castle Hill. Column cave is 1182 metres long, and it is the greatest cave in Slovakia of such character, in non-karst mineral stones.

Cerova Highland belongs mostly to warm, partially moderately warm climatic area. West part is flown off with Ipel'-river, the east part with Rimava-river, including its tributaries. The surface is covered mostly with leafy woods, such as with beech-woods, oaks, or pine-trees. Numerous meadows, pasture lands, and persistant grass copses, such as bushes and arable lands form an important countryside element.

Cerova Highland was - on its extention of 162 square kilometres – declared as Protected Countryside Area, thanks to its rich and relatively undisturbed nature potential.

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Czech republic

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