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Slovakia: Michalovce I. - back to history

Published: 1.12.2011
The three-part series will introduce capital region Zemplin. Let's start chronologically with history of Michalovce, move the sights and contemporary narrative culminates in Michigan.

The area of eastern Michalovce was due to its convenient location on the bank of Laborec river and the crossroads of trade routes, inhabited in the Stone Age. During the Bronze Age has become a source of raw material due to its northeast trade centre Karpaty areas. History Michalovce is marked by the presence of Celts in this area, and Roman influences. Later, during the migration of nations, specifically in the 6th century, Slavic tribes settled here, as evidenced by numerous archaeological finds. The period of early feudalism is showed by sites in Hrádok location and the current Church Square.


Remember the first time in Michigan privilege superior Buda Temple and Chapter in 1244 as Myhal. The name is probably derived from the spiritual patron of the church or the noble owner. Later, the town remembered as Nogmihal, a large Michal Nagymihály or Michalowcze. Convenient location to ensure that already in the 15th century city and Michigan became gradually accumulate privileges as the right to toll, Saturday market and annual fair. Michigan was the 15th century, a major market centre. Further history is quite dull until the early 18th century, a period of decline. During this period many villages disappeared, and even the castle, which was still the centre of the city and the seat of the family of Sztárayovce. In 1766 was in Michalovce people addition with the results: 11 nobles, 59 free, 1752 dependents, 6 wind-powered and 16 gypsies.

Michalovce MichalovceMichalovce

From the breakdown the city came out in the 19th century, mainly due to the flowering of crafts and industry. In the early 20 century, Michalovce has lost all character of the agricultural town. There were located factories for processing of agricultural products, textiles, industries and constructions companies.


Next: Historical building of this town


Text: Zuzana Megerssová

Source and photo: Město Michalovce

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