First written notice about a community on Opava-river comes of 1195, as a town was Opava declared in 1224. In 16th century, most of inhabitants belonged to Protestants, so they had hard conflicts with Bishops of Olomouc. The town was besieged by Sweden and a bifg fire destroyed a town at the end of 17th century. In 1625. the Jesuits came, a Jesuit´s Grammar School as well as Museum ( today it is Silesian Museum) were founded.
In 19th century so called Opava-Congress of Saint Alliance was taken place here, so the importance of a town arose. Several textile factories, sugar-factories and brewery were founded. During 1742-1928 Opava became a capital of Czech Silesia. However, the town was occupied ba Germans in 1945, and most parts of a city destroyed.
The most important Gothic monument , Parish Church of Blessed Virgin Mary, comes of middle of 14th century. On Lower Square and Masaryk street you find Renaissance buildings and Baroque Sobek and Blucher palaces. To further important monuments belong Tower Hláska (Watch-Tower), Franziskaner Monastery, Razumovski Palace, Silesian Theatre, Dominican Church of St.Wenceslas and many other monuments.
Opava is put together of four quarters, which were independent communities in past – Kravařov, Suché Lazce, Vlaštovičky and Jaktař. You can find several extended parks and orchards, rich sports history and several sports grounds.
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