Spiš Castle

Published: 6.5.2010
Eight hundred years ago, there was started to be built,on travertine hill, big stone building, named as Spiš Castle. However, in 1780, a big fire destroyed this construction, but the damage was contributed even by owners alone. Despite this fact, the castle is not only usual ruin but also popular architecture of Romanesque-Gothic style.

Spiš Castle belongs to one of most extensive castle ruins of Central Europe. During its construction, the attention was drawn, first of all, to powerful circular protective and inhabitated Donjon tower at the same time. However, this tower collapsed shortly after its origin, obviously owing to its tectonical shiftings in basement. Nevertheless, the tower was substituted with new one, erected in 13th century.

Castle acropolis and palace in Romanesque style were constructed inside powerful fortification. This was a work of local Spiš Provost. He was so interested in this castle that he promised a King, that he would look after it. As a reward, the King granted him a privilege to live there. So, castle chapel was established in its central part, which served district administrator as well as Provost.

Although the castle resisted Tartar invasion in 1241, the fortification was more strenghtened. The building works were effected by North-Italian masters. Later, they partecipated also on construction of Spišská Kapitula. So, great courtyard was finished within 14th century. Low barbican was limited with fortification wall, two inhabitated towers and entrance tower.

In the second half of 15th century, Zapolsky Parentage, new castle owners, decided to realize the change of upper part of the castle for aristocracy seat. They added to the castle new buildings and a chapel in the courtyard. Next owners - Thurzo and Csaky Parentages - effected subsequently next and next changes, so that their requests, regarding aristocracy residence, could be fullfilled. They built in addition always new constructions, and tried to unify the architecture, and also the function of older buildings was changed. These changes were related Romanesque palace first of all, where the armoury was placed.

However, at the end of 18th century, the owners left the castle, as the building did not satisfy their wishes. Later, after big fire, the castle became a source of building material for last owners of Csaky Parentage. These aristocrats transferred their activities for the construction of numerous chateaux in the environs. Tourist season of Spiš Castle starts regularly each year in May and lasts till October. Castle spaces are open for public daily, since 9,00 h up to 19,00 h, last entrance is allowed at 18,00 h.

Spisska Kapitula a Spissky hrad

Text: Karin Bogschová

Source and photo: Karin Bogschová and www.slovakia.eu.sk

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Hungary: Tourism Without Borders - Gothic Path
Published: 4.10.2010
United project of Hungarian-Slovak cooperation enables to make acquiantance with most interesting localities of East Slovakia and North-East part of Hungary. Tourism Without Borders is a project, coo-financed by means of European Fund of Regional Development. One of several routes got the name „A Gothic Path“.

SK: Trip from Spisska Kapitula to Zehra I
Published: 17.3.2016
This time we visit the east of Slovakia. Our destination aUNESCO landmarks. We are going to make our trip about history as well as tourism. We start at Spisska Nova Ves.

SK: Spissky Castle, Monumental Beauty – VIDEO
Published: 8.9.2015
With our camcorder we move to Spisske Podhradie town. Above on a cliff lures one of Slovakia’s largest castle compounds – Spissky Castle. The castle is actually administered by Zehra despite Spisske Podhradie is sort of an entrance gate to the castle. This is one of many interesting facts you will learn in this article.

SK: Spisska Bela – A Glimpse of the Past
Published: 24.10.2013
Spisska Bela town is located in the north of Poprad Basin, below the huge Belianske Tatras, at the crossroads to Kezmarok, Stara Lubovna, Zamagurie and the High Tatras. In today's journey across Slovakia we will explore the beauty of this amazing town.

Sk: Spisska Bela, Strazky – Art and History – Two in One
Published: 17.10.2013
Today we head to eastern Slovakia in the former village Strážky, which is currently part of the local Spišska Bela. Strážky lies on the main route between the Royal City Kežmarok and the previously mentioned city Spišska Bela. Known for its spectacular castle, an English park and a unique bell tower. And for these unusual sights pointed our steps.

SK, Spisska Sobota – A Gem Under  the Tatras
Published: 16.5.2013
Today in our wonders across Slovakia we move in Poprad to Spisska Sobota, a protected area of historical landmarks. We will explore its history which experienced rises and falls. Despite uneasy fate its artistic value didn’t vanish. It offers a unique look on lives of our ancestors in the Spis region.

Do You Know, That? Slovak Extrems I.
Published: 17.10.2010
During today's walk, following the extrems and uniques, we visit Slovakia. This country is very rich in several world's specialities, such as of nature, geographical, historical or cultural character. Is Prague really a centre of Europe? And what about Spiš Castle, the greatest one in Slovakia?

A Trip Into Slovak Paradise
Published: 9.9.2010
Active holidays Provided you do not wish to travel in far destination at seaside areas (with sun-bath in overcrowded beaches), so, we have a tip for interesting and active holiday, where you can visit many attractive and romantic corners of Slovakia or Czech Republic.

Hungary: Tourism Without Borders-Castles And Chateaux Walk
Published: 18.10.2010
Common project of Hungarian-Slovak Cooperation, known as "Tours Without Borders", financed by means of European Fund of Regional Development, enables to make acquaintance with most interesting localities of East Slovakia and North-East Hungary. "A Trip Across Castles and Chateaux" belongs to one of them.

SK, Polanovce – A Village Down from Branisko
Published: 22.6.2016
There are many beautiful towns and villages in east Slovakia. We visit one of them today. This one is situated between Branisko, the Levoccske hills, the Hornadska basin just several kilometers from Spissky Castle. The village is called Polanovce. There are interesting buildings as well as beautiful nature.

Related Photogallery

SK: Spisske Podhradie – An Attractive Point of Interest
Should you be interested in UNESCO sights then we recommend you Spišského Podhradí. This is one o...

Sk: Spisska Bela and Strazky
There are many beautiful places in eastern Slovakia. One of them isSpisska Bela that offers walks...

SK: Spis Castle, Castle Hill and Surroundings
Castle Spis is built on a travertine hill and is one of the largest central-European castles. Fi...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 30. 5. 2023
tuesday 30.5.
14 °C
wednesday 31.5.
12 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.