The essence of a citadel is a Main fortress with a town in a middle and a Small citadel.
The town played a difficult task during Nazi occupation. In Small citadel there was established a jail of Prague Gestapo. The town of terezín, Main fortress, was changed to Jewish transit Ghetto. The prisoners were transported into concentration camps and Ghettos on the East.
In 1947 the government of Czechoslovak Republic decided to create a monument with a task to maintain and keep memorable places in a condition in which they were during Nazi occupation. At present, Terezín ia a symbol of martyrdom of tens of thousands of people and permanent reminder and warning for future generations.
The part of monument forms a historical quarter of terezín – Small Citadel, National Cemetery, Ghetto Museum, Jewish Cemetery with Crematorium, Russian Cemetery, Monument of Soviet soldiers and other.
Text: Markéta Řandová
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