Žilina

Published: 23.9.2009
Žilina is the fifth greatest town of Slovakia. The town is placed at mouth of Váh and Kysuca rivers, in north-west part of the country, on crossroads of merchant ways, surrounded with crowns of mountains. The town has quite great importance from touristic point of view.

TheaterMalá Fatra - Small Fatra Mountain Range - situated in east direction from Žilina, was recently declared as National Park. You find here 900 sorts of plants as well as many animals. This mountain range is divided into two parts. In the north one, there is arising peak of Vel'ký Kriváň (1709 m), very good visible from far distance.

First written notice about Žilina comes of 1208. Originally, the town was developped from a community, which was established as outer balley nearby Žilina Castle. This castle existed till 15th century and was discovered even in 2008. Žilna obtained its town´s privileges in 1290 from Polish town of Těšín. Just in 13th century, there were Church of the Holy Trinity and Burian Towerconstructed here two churches, which exist even today. The first privilege was granted to the town in 1321. Later, in 1378, there was originated complex of law prescriptions, so called „Žilina Book“ and the town followed it carefully. It is an important cultural monument, similarly, as a document of King Louis the Great of 1381, which equalited Germans and Slovaks.

Since 15th century, Žilina established its own fortification, which protected today´s historical nucleus of the Cathedral of Hlinka Squaretown. This nucleus was declared as town´s protected reservation in 1988. On main square in city centre, there are preserved Renaissance arcades. The square got its Renaissance face  after big fire in 1521. Anyway, the town´s development lasted till the end of 17th century. However, the town was weakened, as a consequence of struggles, and its development moved again just in the second half of 19th century, when the railway connection was effected here. In 1891, the greatest textile factory in Austria-Hungary territory was constructed. This company exported textile products all over the world. Anyway, later, The former building of the Faculty of Natural Sciencesmany other fasctories, shops and banks were built, and the number of inhabitants extremely increased. So, in 1850, Žilina had 3000 inhabitants, and later, in 1910, there was just 10000 persons. At present, Žilina has more than 85000 inhabitants. After 1945, the town undergone a lot of changes. New industrial factories were founded. Since 1960, Žilina is a seat of University. The town is a centre of industry, transport and culture. In 1996, the town became Region seat. Žilina belongs, no doubt, with its historical development, tradition and its Finanční palácactual life, to most important towns in Slovakia.

Žilina, together with its environs offers for tourists many possibilities, how to spend their leasure time.  Pleasant walks could be effected along foot-passenger zone, this is one of most beautiful in Slovakia. The city centre is formed from two squares. It is Andrew Hlinka Square and  Virgin Mary Square. You find here several historical buildings, which are worth to be admired. It is, first of all, St.Trinity Church, Old Town Hall, St.Paul Apostle Church with a monastery and subterranean spaces, Fatra House of Culture, Synagogue, Rosenfeld Palace, St.Barbara Church and other.

IChateau Budatínn north part of the town, there is to be found Dubeň Hill (613 m). On Starník Hill (769 m), you find two ski-towages. This hill has best conditions for hanging flights in Slovakia. In west part of the town, you find Velké Hradisko Hill (641 m). On the other hand, in the community of Budatín, there is a seat od Montana Sporting Horse Club, being in charge with horse-parkur jumping, horse-drill  and horse-riding lessons. Various cultural, sporting  and social events are organized  in town during all year round, such as:

  • Carnival Slovakia Žilina
  • Žilina Spring Prize
  • Old Town Ceremonies
  • St. John Night in Žilina
  • Health Days in Žilina
  • Žilina Literary Days  
  • Middle Ages Days

As far as the gastronomy is concerned, it is, for sure, sheep-cheese plates and products of sheep milk.

Zilina skyline 

 

Text: Denisa Arvajová

Photo: Wikimedia Commons, Sokoljan, č.2, Henrich37, helix84, Sken77, č.2, Juloml, č.2       

 



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

SVK: Kysuca Region - Slovak Timepiece In Stará Bystrica
Published: 7.9.2011
Kysuca Region belongs, no doubt, to most beautiful and most attractive territories of Slovakia, from tourist point of view. Except marvellous mountaneous nature, interwoven with tourist and cycling routes, or rich history, which will touch you really in every village. Apart of this, the biggest group of wooden statues which will allure the tourists there-it is Slovak Timepiece in Stará Bystrica.

SVK: A Way To An Old Castle Ensnared With Legends
Published: 18.8.2011
A mass of stones for somebody, but a wonderful ruin, raised above the valley - all this could be an object for an expert of for each lover of history! It is a Guard of Strečno narrows: this Old Castle was known in the past, their rests are reminded with some legends. And only a few visitors, who enter there, are informed about.

SVK: The Ruins Of Lietava Castle
Published: 16.6.2011
Extensive ruin of Lietava Castle is to be found at the border of Sulov Hills and Rajčianka-torrent Valley. The ruins are situated between Žilina and Rajecké Teplice, inside cadastre of the community of the same name (Lietava). It is popular place, visited by tourists. They are rewarded, after their mounting upstairs, with marvelous outlook around surrounded countryside.

Terchová - A Culture Joined With A Nature
Published: 1.11.2010
The community of Terchova (Slovakia) is ensnared with various legends, joined especially with George (Juraj) Janošík, local native. Nevertheless, hardly anybody of Slovakia or Czech Republic does not know "Brigand Captain" and his suite. At present, his existence is reminded with International Folklore Festival - "Janošík Days", the greatest one of such type in Slovakia.


Related Photogallery

SVK: Lietava Castle Ruin
The ruins of Lietava Castle are situated on steep rocky range of Cibulak Hill, placed inside Sulo...

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:sunday 15. 12. 2019
Holiday:Radana
Today:
sunday 15.12.
8 °C
Tomorrow:
monday 16.12.
4 °C