Slovakia: Safely To The Mountains III. - High Tatra
The third part of our series of articles about safety in the mountains will be about small Alps High Tatra, but this winter succeeds summer. Seemingly, we can assume that the accident in the summer is lower because so many of us lurking natural hazards such as in winter, but the contrary is the case of true.
Visit rate of Tatra Mountains during the summer season is several times higher than in winter, and thus a higher likelihood of risky situations. Most of us ever getting to know the beauty of our mountains suddenly caught rain is caused mainly by the significant change High Tatra pavement grip shoes and thus significantly increases the risk of slipping. Most of these walkways are kept on a rocky substrate, which is usually covered with mosses and lichens. Often slip, even to the fall and subsequent fractures to the limbs, so the best solution to stop a hike, or at least increase the maximum attention. In the case of torrential rains, which substantially alters the permeability of sidewalks, to be reckoned with restrictions like a temporary streams could be (even 1 hour after the rain), landslides, debris or other dangers. Sometimes it is necessary to find a viable segment and a distance of 50 m above or below the walkway.
If the approaching storm and the light flashes, we have to acknowledge that human intervention by lightning can have fatal consequences. The vast majority of fatal cases of tourists who hit by lights happened on the ridge of mountains. Under these conditions it is recommended as soon as possible to end a hike and come back to the valley. Don’t hide in the rocky ribs or gutters, because lightning can come off the bedrock. If descent is not possible, we need to find a suitable shelter, but beware the rock overhang or rock wall that protects the natural stream. I prefer to be getting wet a few meters from the cliff. A rare but more dangerous phenomenon is summer rain usually associated with rain and hail. There may be a sudden covering approaches and holds, we risk hypothermia hands, slipping, or even fall. For these reasons, we should stop and wait for a hike on the further development of the weather. If we are already in the rocky terrain, we should use gloves, to increase attention to putting limbs on outputs, which in this case are extremely slippery. It is recommended to use sticks and, of course if we have them.
In the High Tatra we can also often meet with fog, especially after rain. There may be temporary cooling and wetting the rock surface, which increases the risk of slipping. Fog, of course, can lead to temporary loss of orientation in the field, hence the need to remember most morphological features in the environment (rocks, scrub islands, rocky protrusions). If the fog continues, it is necessary to descend into the valley below. After darkness it is difficult to get down without light, especially in a rocky environment. When stuck in the mountaineering field to be thinking about that night in the mountains, temperatures can cause hypothermia man. Therefore, it is ideal to descend slowly into the valley. If it is not possible to move, we must prepare for emergency overnight stays. The rock overhang is great bivouac, fortunately in the Tatra and frequent phenomenon. It is important to keep warm, so we to put everything we have in the backpack and the backpack itself use to protect the meet.
Summer High Tatra are truly unique experience for all visitors and nature lovers, but we should never underestimate the basic hiking equipment and weather conditions.
Text: Oskar Mažgút
Source and photo: hory.sk
The one who loves adventure and is reasonably physically fit, undoubtedly would like a few tips about easy winter hikes Velka Studena Valley, located in the Slovak part of the High Tatras. A year-round open cottage, Zbojnicka Chata (1960 meters), which waits for us in this valley, offers a place to rest, refreshment and cozy accommodation. We can spend here a few days without getting away from the surrounding of Tatranian peaks. Keep in mind, however, that the motion in the Tatras in winter outside marked trails is very limited according to the TANAP rules!
Slovakia is a rich country. It has many historical and natural beauties. 40 % of its area cover forests in which many protected and unique spiecies of plants and animals live. For them protected areas of various characters were declared. Today we will visit one of them.
The High Tatras are among the most popular places for tourists in Slovakia. In summer, many visitors from home and abroad come here to enjoy the magic of mountains or do some hiking. Sedlo pod Ostrvou is a popular spot for easy alpine tourism.
Although winter is in full swing and snow inspires people to put on ski boots rather than hiking boots. However, it is time to schedule trips for the summer season. Those planning to go to the High Tatras, for example, may rise to one of the easternmost mountains shields, Velka Svistovka (2037 meters). Because the adjacent Kezmarska Biela Voda Valley could be walked through also in winter, many winter hikers will appreciate the following tip.
As many other places in the High Tatras (2314 meters) even Bystre Sedlo is not that well known among tourists. Perhaps, it is given to the fact that there is no cottage that would offer tourists some refreshments after being whole day on food. Or, perhaps, the route is not leading to any of the High Tatras’ peaks. There are only a few people but you will definitely enjoy your time in untouched Tatran nature.
Today our steps head to a Tatranian village located beneath the second highest peak in Slovakia. Lomnicky Stit. Tatranska Lomnica is one of the most beautiful areas of Vysoke Tatry city district. It hides not only rich architectural history, or the largest ski resort in the Tatras but also the new Ski museum.
Many times we could hear from the TV news not that happy news about tourists who went to the mountains and overestimated their strength or underestimated the strength of the mountains and the unpredictability of weather. This series of articles we want to help you to how to behave the best and safe on the mountains.
In the fourth part of our series about the safety on the mountains, we focus on morphologically related to mountains, and therefore we will focus on the Western and low Tatra. Their bedrock consists mainly of alumina surface, but not only part of Roháče and the section of Ďumbier - Chopok.
In the fifth part of series about the safety of the mountains we will talk about the basic rules of movement and behavior the Western and Low Tatra area in summer. Summer tourism in our area is very popular activity. That is why, in terms of injuries, are among the busiest period of rescuers.
In previous parts of our series, we focused mainly alpine mountains. Today we focus on the mountains nearly 1000 m lower. We will talk about Small and Big Fatra. This height difference is reflected in the character of the climate of the mountains and therefore also on slightly different of risk of movement in this area.
More than six weeks, we have to you - our readers, bringing a series on safety in the mountains. Today, this series of these articles finishing. In the final part we will tell you what kind of risk you could meet on Small and Big Fatra in the summer time.
Tatra electric railway as we know it today, keeps only a piece of the rich history of this unique monument. In the following lines we look at the development of the first trolley in the world to contemporary electrified railway.
Again after two years had been held a popular and extraordinary Slovakian festival devoted to amateur production on mountains – Horalfest. Dozens of visitors, Slovakia movie premieres, interesting workshops, and amazing atmosphere – this is what enhanced the motto of the festival – Found yourself in mountains.
Every true Czechoslovak visited Štrbské Pleso. This Slovakian prides is located in High Tatras and is strictly demarcated by nature. It requires no physical endurance and despite cold it is a cozy place opened to everyone who comes to see it.
In the previous article we began walking our tour of knowledge about cottages in the Tatras. We found out how they developed from simple sheds to regular cottages that are mostly parts of some settlements today. Now we will move a step ahead. We will examine the past not that distant.
The Tatranian National Park offers many beauties. High and steep mountains, deep valleys, majestic falls, unseen beautiful fauna and flora and also beautiful things hidden in depths of the area such as various caves. Only one of them, though, is open to the public.
In the second part of our series of articles on safety in the mountains we will deal with little Alps High Tatra, which are characteristic of their unique alpine mountains in Slovakia. Their articulation and slope are among the most dangerous pitfalls that ordinary visitors must overcome not only in winter.
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