Austria, Baden by Vienna – A Spa Town I
Approximately 30 kilometers south of Vienna, in the province of Lower Austria extends spa town of Baden (unofficially Baden bei Wien), which was at the time of the monarchy popular place in Austria's elite and now offers a unique atmosphere full of elegance and grandeur.
Today we visit the famous Austrian "imperial" city of Baden, located at the mouth of the valley. It is surrounded by the magnificent Vienna Woods. It can be reached via the A2 motorway, by train or tram from Badner Bahn in Vienna. As its name suggests, its origin is closely linked to the hot springs that were the basis for building the famous spa.
The local hot springs (14 in total) are concentrated mainly at the foot of the Calvary Mountain, reaching temperatures in the range of 22 to 70 ° C and are of a sulfur character with a high concentration of salt and radon. Their power and healing effect were already known by the ancient Romans during the reign of Emperor Claudius. Archaeological evidence from this period is visible in the city to the present day.
The development of the settlement then influenced the surrounding estates until it was Emperor Friedriech III. granted city rights (1480). In 1488, Queen Beatrix of Hungary visited the city to cure her childlessness. In the coming years, the city had to face Turkish invasions of plague and fires.
After the fire in 1812 Baden was rebuilt in Biedermeier style. In the 19th century, the city was connected to the railway line between Vienna and Graz, which led to the boom of the spa industry. Shortly afterwards Baden became a sought-after place in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Emperor Franz II himself was also treated here. Habsburg-Lorraine, who had built his own summer residence. In 1916, the command of the army for all units of the Armed Forces of Austria-Hungary was moved here. During World War II, Baden did not avoid the bombing and after the war was the main seat of the Soviet occupying powers in Austria. After 1965, a comprehensive reconstruction took place.
To this day, the spa is a major tourist attraction and in connection with it there were built wellness centers, sauna worlds and many sports facilities. Guests can use either a thermal swimming pool with an artificial sand beach (one of the largest water parks in Austria) or the Roman baths with swimming pools, whose water surface reaches almost a thousand square meters and allegedly the largest glass roof in Europe floats above the spa world.
Of course, the spa is not the only attraction of this town in Lower Austria. Baden also offers an impressive sightseeing and natural retreat. In the vicinity there are many excursion destinations. We will introduce the best tourist attractions in a week.
GPS: 48°00'27.1"N 16°14'03.9"E
Text: Oskár Mažgút
Photos: Miroslav Lipovský
Vienna, a capital of Austria, belongs to most attractive European places of interest, from tourist point of view. The wealth of historical monuments, a great number of architectonical sightseeings as well as many actual topics - all these places, joined with famous names and its stories or legends, make from Vienna a pleasant and always different target for any visitor.
Beautiful summer days are the best to visit the picturesque town of Rust at the bank of Neusiedler See (Fert lake in Hungarian).
Last week we visited the town of Baden in Lower Austria, we already know about its history and perhaps the biggest tourist attraction - spa. Today we will continue to explore. We will look at interesting sights and institutions, recommend a few social events and finally give some tips for trips to the surroundings of the city.
Near Bratislava close to borders with Austria and Hungary there is an Endorheic and salty Lake Neusiedl. Near Balaton it is the only steppe lake in Europe. Its depth is 2 meters at most and thanks to this it became a paradise for unique fauna and flora. Also it is popular among tourists, sportsmen and everyone who likes nature.
In the first part of our walk, we went on foot the city centre. Now, we wish to offer you some tips, in order to see as much as sightseeings within short time period (within one day).
St. Stephen's Dome belongs to most visited Vienna sightseeings. We would like to make you acquaintance with this monument which offers, except others, unique town's outlook.
Wien is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. It offers its visitors rich history, beautiful architecture and unusual gastronomical joys. Again, we go to visit this royal city and walk in the most beautiful castle in whole Austria. It is so beautiful they compare it to French Versailles.
Vienna is one of the places that look like tourists - for its attractiveness and charm. It offers much, so won't bored there certainly will not. But who wants to feel like a fairy tale and relax in a beautiful park full of fountains modified, it should forget visit the baroque Belvedere palace.
After a visit of St.Stephen Dome tower, let´s have a look at Austrian capital from similar height, but from the outlook, which, for sure, will not be so old and monumental as the age of the cathedral.
The autumn is in its full swing. The weather is beautiful which inspired us to visit Lower Austria, a destination which encourages you to uncover its interesting history. There are some world’s most unique historical sights, Schloss Hof included, we will take a look at it in the following lines
Spring is best season in the year to set out to Lower Austria and explore its beauties. Hop on your bike and set out by tourist trail to escape winter and taste new wines and the last days of skiing.
Do you want to make the Advent time more enjoyable and are you interested in different regional traditions? Be sure to visit the Christmas markets in Lower Austria. We will tell you where the most beautiful atmosphere is in Lower Austria and where you can go to to experience some local traditions.
Lower Austria is exceptional for its great infrastructure, amazing services, and nature and mountains where you can make countless trips to. Mountains and forests are great in summer. You can hide hear from the heat and enjoy adventure and fun. We selcted six tips for trips ensuring great experiences typical for the region of Lower Austria.
Wien belongs to the most beautiful cities in Europe. There are many places where to go. Schönbrun...
Schneeberg mountain is located in Lower Austria, about 70 kilometers southwest from the Austria...
About 15 kilometers southewest from the capital of Austria - Wien there is a cozy town of Kloster...
Travel with us to the world of colors, smells, and beauty. In Austrian town of Klosterneuburg the...
Enjoy with us a cruise on beautiful steppe Lake Neusiedl ( Neusiedler See in German, FERT in Hun...
The picturesque town of Rust is located on the bank of Lake Neusiedl (FERT in Hungarian). It has ...
Near the border of the Slovakia Dunajske luhy Protected Landscape Area (Donau-Auen) is situated. ...
In the previous photogallerywe hopped on our bikes and admired beauties of nature and interesting...
Bratislava and its surroundings offer great possibilities for bike tourism thus we (the Infoglobe...
Near Slovakian, Hungary and Austrian borders there is unique Neusiedl Lake. It is the only lake,...
In today's photogallery you will experience Austria's second largest city which has a quarter of ...
Near the capital of Slovakia, in the Province of Lower Austria is situated the picturesque town o...