CZ, Brno: Špilberk – Castle or Fortress?
It seems that this year we won't visit the sea, but it does not matter at all, because our country offers a lot of beautiful places for vacation. Today we will take you to the capital of Moravia and look into history. We will talk about Špilberk Castle.
Špilberk was founded by Přemysl Otakar II as early as the mid-thirteenth century. At that time, however, rulers rarely showed up in the mansion. Only a century later, it changed under the reign of John Henry and his son Jošt. But it didn't take long. After the death of Jošt Moravský, who was the last of the line of Moravian margraves, the castle lost its function and its military importance came to the fore. The castle became a true fortress.
Since the fifteenth century, the castle has only deteriorated and deteriorated. So the Estates decided to sell the castle to Brno. In 1620, however, it was confiscated by Ferdinand II.
When during the Thirty Years War the partial occupation of Moravia by the Swedish army occurred, the fortification of the castle began to be quickly repaired and improved. All of this was led by Colonel Raduit de Souches. The three-month conquest of the castle convinced everyone that it was not just an insignificant building, so Špilberk was gradually rebuilt into the largest and most important Baroque fortress in Moravia.
A prison is part of every fortress. This was no different in Brno. Emperor Joseph II. decided in 1783 that it would not be just a prison but a civilian prison for the worst criminals. For this purpose there were spaces called casemates. Suddenly the castle ceased to be militarily important and became a prison. In 1855, however, Franz Joseph I abolished the prison and the castle served as military barracks for the next decades.
During the two world wars in Špilberk died several people. For a large number of citizens, there was only a “stop” to the concentration camps.
And what can be seen on "Špilas" today? Since 1960 Špilberk has been the seat of the Brno Museum. Apart from sightseeing tours ("Casemates", "Southwest Bastion" and "Lookout Tower") we can visit several permanent exhibitions in the castle. One of them is called "From Castle to Fortress" and tells of the whole history of Špilberk. There are also various exhibitions, the Summer Shakespeare Festival, the Špilberk International Music Festival founded by the Philharmonic Orchestra and the Ignis Brunensis World Fireworks Competition. Hopefully everything will happen according to plan.
From the historical city center you can reach the castle through a beautiful walk through the park and not only casemates are definitely worth seeing.
GPS: 49°11'40.7"N 16°35'56.4"E
Text: Hana Doubková
Photos: Hana Doubková, Wikimedia Commons: Kirk, Petr Šmerkl
Northwest of Brno, an unusual rock formation, the Malhostovická Pecka, rises from the flat landscape around Malhostovice. In the sunny habitats, the endangered large-flowered passerine grows here, which offers a wonderful spectacle in the spring.
The Holedná game reserve is absolutely exceptional, because not only children but also adults have the opportunity to see and admire the life of wildlife with their own eyes, as it is a purpose-built hunting facility used for professional breeding of mouflon and fallow deer on an area of 327 ha. Although the game reserve is thoroughly fenced on all sides so that the animals do not escape, the whole area looks very large and unrestrained.
Do you feel that there is a lot going on for you lately and would you appreciate recreation and relaxation? The town of Luhačovice literally encourages this. A stay in a spa town does not have to be equal to the fact that only elderly or sick people go there. The picturesque town is full of healing springs, colonnades, but also bike paths and various modern attractions for many young people!
We will end our series from the surroundings of Bobrůvka and Loučka on the ruins of the Košíkov guard castle. We will be happy to recommend a trip to it to all lovers of nature and a quiet trip.
The valley of the Bobrůvka and Loučka rivers offers many romantic nooks and Trenckova gorge near the village of Drahonín certainly belongs among them. Let's go on a slightly adventurous trip over rocks and gorges to a rock gorge with an interesting history.
Near Bystřice nad Pernštejnem on the eastern edge of the Vysočina region, today we will visit the picturesque landscape around the Bobrůvka and Libochovka rivers. Ruins, ponds and majestic rocks await us.
Near the village of Nedvědice stands one of our most impressive Gothic castles, in the Middle Ages the main seat of the influential lords of Pernštejn. Let's go to it together and take a look at the completed generous reconstruction of its gardens.
Not far from Pernštejn Castle, along the Svratka River, lies the town of Doubravník. At first glance, you will be fascinated by the majestic Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross and there is plenty to discover in the area. Let's go to Doubravník together now.
As was told in the first part, now you know why to go to Brno. You know where to start your exploration of the historical district and where to have lunch. What is next? We are going to spend some moments on Svoboda square. There is a mysterious astronomical clock. We cant avoit a visit to Spilberk castle, Villa Tugendhat (under UNESCO) and a functionalist borough around it. Of course, we are going to have a taste of the night life, great beer or wine, and we are going to see some glimpses of local students ’life. So let’s get started!
When I have learned recently that Lonely Planet declared Brno the least interesting city in the Czech Republic I couldn’t understand. Then I realized that it was good they said it after all. Had crowds of tourists been going there every day as they go to Prague it would soon loose its magic. Brno is a city of universities, fun, culture and many small, lovely places. The turning clock in the shape of a male genitalia from which a small glass ball falls out every hour. Smoking road signs are really to be found only here… New York Times was much more smarter. They put Brno on the list of 52 places where to go in 2016!
South Moravia is often called the land of sun and wine. The number of cultural sights of different historic periods is without parallel in th Czehc Republic. However, no other architectonic style is more present here than the Baroque.
When the Creator was giving he was particularly generous to the south Moravians. Thus, they could call their land the “land of wine.” He gave them the most sun in the Czech lands as well as warm climate doing good to grapes but bolstering recreational activities as well – for instance at Vranovska dam, Brnenska dam or on the lakes near Palava. So what waits here for visitors? Great Moravian landmarks, castles, chateaus, sacral buildings, great works of engineering, border fortresses, and beautiful places in nature. There is no coincidence in south Moravia being the second most interesting locality for tourists right next to Prague.
There is beautiful historical town of Znojmo near the border with Austria on the south of Moravia. It became famous for its wine and cucumbers. Only few know that you can find here, for instance, the relic of St Bonifac, many Middle-Ages landmarks, and that popular TEDx conferences take place there. Let's see Znojmo throughour article and the lense of our videocamera.
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