CZ, Olomouc – City of Unique Sights I
Today, we visit Olomouc a city in central part of Moravia which is known for its smelly cheese, landmarks, flower exhibition and rich history.
It is difficult to say where to actually start for there are many beautiful places in Olomouc. If you like, we will follow our steps together. First, we start on the most popular place among toursists - Horni square. It is a large square with many several landmarks.
The first among them is The Holy Trinity column. It is the largest grouping of Baroque sculptures in Central Europe at one place. This 37 meters high monument was built for total of 37 years. Originally, the sand column was white thanks to white lead coating There are sculptures of 18 saints, 12 reliefs of apostles, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary sculptural group and other figures. A small chapel belongs to the column. Thanks to its size, complexity and variety the column made it to UNESCO World Herritage Sites list in the year 2000.
Další dominantou náměstí je olomoucká radnice, která dodnes slouží svému původnímu určení. Je sídlem městské samosprávy, také je zde zřízeno informační centrum, obřadní síň a navštívit můžete i galerii, menší muzejní expozici či restauraci. Budova je čtyřkřídlá s vnitřním dvorem uprostřed. Mezi zajímavé architektonické prvky se řadí gotická kaple sv. Jeronýma a schodiště s renesanční lodžií. Součástí radnice je i 75 metrů vysoká vyhlídková věž, jejíž střechu tvoří jedna středová a čtyři postranní věžičky. Věž je přístupná veřejnosti a nabízí úžasný pohled na město a okolí.
Největším turistickým lákadlem je ale olomoucký orloj, který je součástí severní stěny radnice. Jeho počátky sahají do 15. století, ale současná podoba v duchu socialistického realismu pochází z roku 1955 a jejím autorem je Karel Svolinský. Vzhled orloje se několikrát měnil, během druhé světové války byl poškozen granátem, později obnoven do původní podoby, až nakonec opět přebudován do nynějšího stavu. Jeho nejstarší částí je heliocentrický ciferník z roku 1898, kterým se řadí mezi světové unikáty.
Musíme zmínit i barokní kašny, které se na Horním náměstí nacházejí. Herkulovu kašnu zdobí bájný hrdina a o kousek dál Caesarovu slavný římský císař. Druhá zmiňovaná kašna patří k nejznámějším a umělecky nejnáročnějším v celé Olomouci. V roce 2002 přibyla ještě novodobá Arionova kašna, která je inspirovaná antickou mytologií.
Before we see other beautiful nooks in this city let's talk about it history for a while. Olomouc is city surrounded by fertile land of Hana. The River Morava runs through the city and about 100 thousand people live htere in the present. Both Olomouc and Brno constituted important social, political, and educational centers of Moravia. The archbishopric, Moravian Philharmony, or the second oldest university in the Czech Republic (the Palacky University) are all seated in this city.
The first settlement dates back to the early Paleolithe age. The Romans were also present here and left traces of their presence. The Slavs came in the 6th century AD. The farming settlement's importance had been on the rise and soon it became a stronghold. In the 10th century, it was referred to as a fortified settlement and it became the military-administrative center of the Premyslid dynasty in the same century. Not before long, the bishopric has its seat here (1063) and Olomouc castle would be built few years later. King Wenceslas III was assassinated in the cityi n 1306 and with him Premyslid's male branch died out.
Olomouc was given the priviledge as the first city in Moravia in 1314. Hunderd years later Olomouc is allowed to mint its own coins. Between the years 1642 and 1650 the Swedes occupied the city. Hundred years later the Prussians for change. Then the city became a part of the Habsburg monarchy. W. A. Mozart visited Olomouc and composed 6th symphony F-dur there. A railroad connected Olomouc and Wien in 1841. Four years later a railroad line joined it with Prague. Eduard Konrad Zirm wrote history in 1905. He was the senior doctor of the eye department of the Olomouc hospital and performed world's first cornea transplantation.
The modern history of the city is linked to the expansion and including surroundings towns. The city center was decalred historic reserve (the second largest in the Czech Republic). Saint John Paull II visited the city and sanctified Zdislava and Jan Sakander. In 1997, desctructive flood damaged the city.
Olomouc is one of the most important royal cities in the Czech Republic. We invite you to join us for another tour there next week.
GPS: 49°35'38.2"N 17°15'03.2"E
Text and photos: Oskár Mažgút
Do you feel that there is a lot going on for you lately and would you appreciate recreation and relaxation? The town of Luhačovice literally encourages this. A stay in a spa town does not have to be equal to the fact that only elderly or sick people go there. The picturesque town is full of healing springs, colonnades, but also bike paths and various modern attractions for many young people!
In the heart of the deep forests of the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, visit the picturesque spa village with beautiful architecture and the surrounding nature and peaceful atmosphere. You will also find a waterfall, a geological exposition or a 600-meter long ski slope.
On the outskirts of the town of Jeseník you can visit another of the unique places of our beautiful country. In 1822 Vincenz Priessnitz founded the world's first hydrotherapy institute. To this day, there is a popular spa, surrounded by beautiful mountain nature.
Last week we took you to the Great America quarry, the Macocha Abyss, or the Toulovcovy Maštale. Today we will continue to explore the beautiful natural places of the Czech Republic. Our next stop will be the natural volcanic rarity Soos.
Near the former border of Bohemia and Moravia lies the town of Litomyšl, which is one of the most picturesque in the Czech Republic. Thanks to the fact that several important personalities were born or stayed here, many cultural events and festivals continue their tradition. Let's go to Litomyšl together.
Not far from Ústí nad Orlicí, there lies inconspicuous town of Choceň. Immediately on its edge begins the beautiful valley of the Tichá Orlice river, a visit of which is definitely worth it, especially in autumn. Let's go there together!
What is the best Christmas present for a tourist? After all, a holiday voucher! Preferably to a nice hotel in an interesting place, which will not be boring even in bad weather. Want a tip? We have one particular!
Today we invite you for a walk around the world-famous spa, situated on the northwestern outskirts of Jeseník in the Olomouc region. The former settlement, called Gräfenberg until 1947, now called Lázně Jeseník, was founded by the so-called water doctor Vinzenz Priessnitz and has been popular with both domestic and foreign visitors since the 19th century.
To the glory of the church and as a thank you for protection against the danger of epidemics or war conflicts, monuments were erected in the most honorable places of cities. Today we will stop at the more ostentatious ones, they will fascinate us with their beauty and monumentality. But do we know their past and do we know why they decorate our square today?
More and more sunny days, but also the ongoing security measures regarding the situation with Covid-19, which prevents us from traveling abroad, result in an increasing interest in trips in the beautiful Czech countryside. However, this also causes an extreme increase in the number of people in the most famous tourist places and roads. So where to go and avoid the crowd? Come with us to the Jeseníky Mountains. On the 60-kilometer route, you can relax from the city parks, enjoy the fresh air without a curtain and you will meet a larger concentration of tourists practically only in the vicinity of Králický Sněžník.
Are you a woman and as a child you wanted to be a princess? Or a man who wanted to be a knight on a white horse? I personally had it all my childhood. I wanted to be a princess with a gold crown, in a beautiful pink dress. And I had a clear idea of the castle I lived in. He had several turrets and the shutters were red-white. It didn't bother me that it wasn't a castle, but a beautiful castle. Bouzov Castle...
Endless hiking trails in unspoiled nature, meditation tranquility, cozy little village with interesting building monuments and in the center of everything a hotel with amazing wellness, where they will take care of their guests great. Isn't this the sky of a tourist? We are convinced.
It is winter again and this is the sadder half of the year for us as tourists. The vast majority of tourist attractions, including monuments, are closed. However, we found some exceptions between castles and chateaux that will welcome you all year round. And we guarantee that a winter visit will be more of an experience than a summer visit.
Place of pilgrimage have some sort of indescribable atmosphere and it lures thousands to visit this place. Not long ago we enjoyed the beauty of Svaty Hostyn. This place has magic. Perhaps this is the reason for our later decision to visit yet another important site of pilgrimage in the Czech Republic - Svaty Kopecek.
Last week we started with our tour around Olomouc. We briefly told you about its history. The point of start was Horni square. The Holy Trinity column, and the town hall with a tower belong to its main landmarks.
Upon seeing Dolni and Zerotinovo squares, we walked down several streets and found ourselves on Horni square again. Church of St Moritz is located near to it.
We left Republiky sqaure for St Wenceslas Cathedral situated on Wenceslas square. The cathedral houses Roman Catholic archdiocesis of Olomouc. The grandiose Romanesque/Gothic structure has some Baroque features and rich decoration of sculptures. It is true jaded gem of the city.
Do you make trips to the Jeseniky Mountains? Be sure to stop in the national nature reserve of Rejviz near the town of Jesenik. There are unique peat bogs, wetlands and a settlement of the same name where you can buy some snack.
During our last visit to Teplice nad Becvou, we saw the spa town, enjoyed its healing water, and made a trip to the deepest abyss in teh world - the Hranice Abyss. Yet we skipped a visit to another unique phenomenna in Europe. This one is even a national nature landmark.
This time we are about to visit the highest situated Marian pilgrimage site in Moravia. For centuries, it has attracted pilgrims from near as well as from afar. The place we talk about is Svaty Hostyn.
Not a long time ago we enjoyed the town of Hranice. Several hours of walk later we moved on. Again, we parked our in Teplice nad Becvou, one of the most important spa areas in the Czech Republic.
The Moravian Gate geomorphological unit has many interesting nooks in nature as well as interesting towns one of which Hranice is. This town is 23 kilometers awy from Prerov. Since the Prehistory it has been an important crossroad of various roads. History and modernity are both present in this town.
Today we will roam around in Moravia, the region of Olomouc. We visit the city of Prerov, a great place for holidaymakers and also an imporant city in the region which is only 20 kilometers from Olomouc.
We invite you for a walk around the world-famous spa on the northwestern outskirts of Jeseník in ...
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Olomouc, a Moravian city, is place of true adventure. Go and explore sights and interesting place...
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Today, you will join us in the Jeseniky Mountains, specifically in the national nature reserve Re...