CZ, Olomouc – The City of Unique Sights II
Last week we started with our tour around Olomouc. We briefly told you about its history. The point of start was Horni square. The Holy Trinity column, and the town hall with a tower belong to its main landmarks.
We went further towards Dolni square. While going there we stopped at a renaissance house - Edelmann's palace, and Petras' Palace. The latter was the first scholarly society residence in the Habsburg empire – Societas eruditorum incognitorum in terris Austriacis.
Soon we reached Dolni square, which is one of the oldest in Olomouc. The square is surrounded by several Renaissance and Baroque houses which replaced original Gothic houses. Meat shop drew our attention, they belonged to the butcher's guild. The building had one floor only and was a butcher's shop. A well supplying fountains on the square was in the basement. Considerable renovations took place in the 18th century. However, the buidling was lifted by two floors Moreover, a two-winged staircase was added. It was a representative entrance to the the then new Royal Folk Theater. The facade was made in the late-19th century.
The main landmarks of Dolni square are the Marian column and two fountains. The Marian column was constructed after plague epidemic of 1713-1715 and is lined with eight statues of saints in the lower part of the column. The upper part is made of twisted column with the Virgin Mary on the top.
Neptune fountain (which is close to Horni square) was constructed in 1683. It belongs to the set of baroque fountains decorated with antiquity motiffs. It depicts the god of sea Neptune who stands on a cliff with his four horses spilling water.
There is the Jupiter fountain on the other edge of the square. It was the last one in the set to be erected. It dpicts the god who reigns over flash and thunder. The renovated church of the Annunciation is situated close to it. A Kapuchin monastery belongs to it. The church's entrance is on the elevated terrace. There you can enjoy the vista over the entire square.
We roamed in the narrow streets which took us in front of the building of the Archbishopric seminary on Zertinovo sqaure. The building saw several renovations. Originally, it was residence of lords assembly and land court. Right next to it, there is the church of St Michael which replaced a 13th century chapel which stood there originaly. The church is of baroque style and belongs to the most beautiful in Olomouc. It is considred the first northern-Italian domed building in Moravia. Royal Italian architect Giovanni Pietro Tencala. It also influeced the basilica of the Virgin Mary on Svaty Kopecek. There are three domes on this church. You can see them from specific places in Olomouc.
There is a square adjacent to the church. On it, there stands baroque statue of St Florian at which we made a short break. Next week you will see where we went next.
GPS: 49°35'31.0"N 17°15'10.7"E
Text and photos: Oskár Mažgút
In the heart of the deep forests of the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, visit the picturesque spa village with beautiful architecture and the surrounding nature and peaceful atmosphere. You will also find a waterfall, a geological exposition or a 600-meter long ski slope.
Do you make trips to the Jeseniky Mountains? Be sure to stop in the national nature reserve of Rejviz near the town of Jesenik. There are unique peat bogs, wetlands and a settlement of the same name where you can buy some snack.
On the outskirts of the town of Jeseník you can visit another of the unique places of our beautiful country. In 1822 Vincenz Priessnitz founded the world's first hydrotherapy institute. To this day, there is a popular spa, surrounded by beautiful mountain nature.
We left Republiky sqaure for St Wenceslas Cathedral situated on Wenceslas square. The cathedral houses Roman Catholic archdiocesis of Olomouc. The grandiose Romanesque/Gothic structure has some Baroque features and rich decoration of sculptures. It is true jaded gem of the city.
Upon seeing Dolni and Zerotinovo squares, we walked down several streets and found ourselves on Horni square again. Church of St Moritz is located near to it.
Today, we visit Olomouc a city in central part of Moravia which is known for its smelly cheese, landmarks, flower exhibition and rich history.
During our last visit to Teplice nad Becvou, we saw the spa town, enjoyed its healing water, and made a trip to the deepest abyss in teh world - the Hranice Abyss. Yet we skipped a visit to another unique phenomenna in Europe. This one is even a national nature landmark.
Place of pilgrimage have some sort of indescribable atmosphere and it lures thousands to visit this place. Not long ago we enjoyed the beauty of Svaty Hostyn. This place has magic. Perhaps this is the reason for our later decision to visit yet another important site of pilgrimage in the Czech Republic - Svaty Kopecek.
This time we are about to visit the highest situated Marian pilgrimage site in Moravia. For centuries, it has attracted pilgrims from near as well as from afar. The place we talk about is Svaty Hostyn.
The Moravian Gate geomorphological unit has many interesting nooks in nature as well as interesting towns one of which Hranice is. This town is 23 kilometers awy from Prerov. Since the Prehistory it has been an important crossroad of various roads. History and modernity are both present in this town.
Today we will roam around in Moravia, the region of Olomouc. We visit the city of Prerov, a great place for holidaymakers and also an imporant city in the region which is only 20 kilometers from Olomouc.
Not a long time ago we enjoyed the town of Hranice. Several hours of walk later we moved on. Again, we parked our in Teplice nad Becvou, one of the most important spa areas in the Czech Republic.
After visiting the pilgrimage place Holy Hostýn we could not miss even three kilometers remote sites town Bystřice pod Hostýnem, which is famous for the production bentwood furniture. Of course the furniture is far from everything this town has to offer.
On the western edge of the Hostyn Hills, in Kromeriz district, there is a small town of Holesov. The town is known for its early Baroque chateau and its grandiose French style park as well as for its well-known jewish community in the past.
11 kilometers from Holesov, there is the village of Rymice with lures such as folk architecture.
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