CZ: Pilsen – St Bartholomew' Cathedral
St Bartholomew cathedral on Pilsen's Republic square. In our last article I mentioned it yet I would love to introduce also the interior of the church to you.
The construction of the church began when the city of Pilsen (after the year 1295). The patron of the church was the king of Bohemia until the year 1322 when King John of Luxembourgh up his right and handed this privilege to the Order of the Teutonic Knights. Until then the church was a simple parish church. The order would remain the patron until the year 1546 when the city of Pilsen overtook this privilege.
It is very unusual for a parish church to be built in the middle of the square. This place was always considered to be unclean. Markets took place here all the time, there was the pillory and executions took place here as well. In 1993, the diocese of Pilsen was founded here by John Paul II which upranked the church to a cathedral. St Bartholomew cathedral and its Madonna were listed as national culture sights in 1995. Large fires broke out throughout the year 1507 in Pilsen. The entire city fell into ashes including the church. It was fully repaired only in 1528.
The cathedral has 58 meters in lenght with 30 meters in width, vaults are up to 25 meters high. The belffry is 103 meters high which makes it the highest belfry in the Czech Republic. The church has three aisles. Take a look at the ceiling for all three aisles feature beautiful radial vaults je 58 metrů dlouhá a 30 metrů široká, klenby dosahují výšky 25 metrů.
I noted a 1,3-meter tall Virgin Mary with Baby Jesus inside a niche at the main altar. Created in the other half of the 14th century (the era of beautiful Madonnas), the statue is one of the most precious pieces of Gothic in the Czech Republic. The highlight of the church is the Sternberg chapel which is accessible from the main aisle at the right section of the church. Also, there is the Bohemian altar. Made by the House of Sterberg as the house tomb, the Sternberg chapel is connected to the southern side of the presbytery. However, the family lost interest in the chapel. Since then it has been the place of ceremony for people on the bottom part of the social ladder.
I was interested by amazing stained glass windows including a window depicting Golgot by Pilsen painter Joseph Mandl. There are 4 pointy windows with interesting tracery in side aisles. St Mary Magdalene by Tintoretto is another interesting work on the pillar below the organ loft. You may enjoy the monumental organ on the organ loft made by Emanuel Peter in 1894.
Behind the entrance to the church I got this very strange feeling. However, this is typical for these amazing buildings. The cathedral is quiet, peaceful, and has beauty of its own worth seeing. Last but not least, we have to mention the northern tower, with the beautiful vista over entire of Pilsen and its surroundings. We will get there next Thursday.
GPS: 49°44'50.5"N 13°22'39.6"E
Text: Kateřina Fúdorová
Photos: Kateřina Fúdorová, Wikimedia Commons: Lynx1211
In the west Czech Republic, an extraordinary city boasts with rich history, interesting tourist attractions, and cultural experience. The city is Plzen.
I like to discover places in the Czech Republic that are rather forgotten. Even better off high season. In the spring mood I went to the beautiful valley of the river Mze near Stříbro and in the video I will transfer you there for a while.
The town of Stříbro near Pilsen is one of the important medieval towns and offers many interesting sights and beautiful surrounding nature. Let's go to him together on a full moon night, which underlined the atmosphere of the place.
The inconspicuous mountains on a large part of the Czech border with Bavaria are among the most forgotten corners of our country. I think it is very wrong. I will now take you on a trip along the Branka nature trail, which will inspire you as much as every time the Bohemian Forest will inspire me.
Many parts of the Bohemian Forest belong to those corners of the Czech Republic that are still waiting to be discovered. Let's walk together on a beautiful nature trail near Domažlice. At a time when spring was only slowly beginning to fight winter.
Near Konstantinovy Lázně stands one of the most impressive ruins of western Bohemia. Let's go together in the video on a beautiful trip from Dudákovský mlýn and Šipín to the castle above the Hadovka stream.
This time we decided to go for hop gardens west of Rakovník, where hop plants thrive in a rolling landscape in reddish soil. We will follow local roads, dirt roads or the forest. This route has a total of 47 km and can be considered slightly challenging for mountain biking.
Everybody knows Pilsner Urquell beer. This bottom-fermented lager was invented in the Kingdom of Bohemia half-way between Prague and Regensburg, Germany. It was founded in the city famous for Skoda locomotives, the tallest church tower in the Czech Republic, and the second largest synagogue in Central Europe. Plzen was declared the European capital of culture for 2015. It truly deserves the title. Lets join us to see what is waiting for us here!
Should you happen to be in Pilsen near city center and you will be looking for Republika square, raise your head and look around! You will see the belfry of St Bartholomew's cathedral. Situated in the center of the square with its 102.6 meters, it is the tallest church tower in the Czech Republic. At 60 meters above the ground, there is a gallery from where visitors may take a look around over the city.
In the last article, we saw the cathedral. Today we see the tower of the cathedral. With its 102,26 meters it is the highest cathedral belfry in the Czech Republic.
Near Pilsen, in the small town of Plasy, there is a cistercian monastery founded by Vladislav II. In 1421, however, the Hussites burned it down. The Baroque appearance of the monastery and adjacent buildings is the work of the architects Jan Blazej Santini-Aichel and Jean Baptist Mathey, who from 1661 to 1739 led the rebuilding works of the monastery to the form we may see today.
In today's article we will introduce a beautiful hunting chateau, which is located in a place that is told a very untraditional reputation. The original name of the castle was Waldschloss, but long time ago the Slavs at the time of the Spring equinox regularly sacrificed in these places a male goat because they hoped to make their gods and a good harvest. The truth of the legend is evidenced by numerous archaeological findings. In later years the name of the castle changed to Kozel (male goat).
If some use words the north of Pilsen region and water, everyone who likes tourism should already know one means it should be somewhere through which the Strela river flows . She gained her name according to the speed and ferocity she was taking her way to the confluence with the Berounka.
If you go to Castle Radyne, which is located near the town of Pilsen, you will climb up to an altitude of 567 meters above sea level. On the top of the castle tower you will enjoy the vista to the wide area of the Pilsen region. Radyne was built under the reign of Charles IV in the middle of the 14th century, approximately between the years 1356 and 1361.
In the premises of the former monastery in Plasy which included a brewery, there the Civic Engineering exposition was founded. It focuses on the presentation of traditional building crafts and materials. It also includes the Building Craftsmanship, where you can find, for example, an authentic historical workshop of a tinsmith or lime kiln. Exposition in the oldest parts of Plasy monastery will guide you through the history of the building, from the Middle Ages to the present.
Přeštice will probably forever be associated with the Přeštice pig, which was bred here, but the history of the town on the river Úhlava dates back to St. Adalbert. It is also an ideal starting point for trips around the southern Pilsen region.
In the preserved premises of the former brewery at the Plasy monastery, there was an exhibition o...
One of the most impressive ruins stands in western Bohemia. So if you are in Konstantinovy Baths,...
The nature trail in Zelenovské údolí is a part of the Bohemian Forest, where not many people come...
Today we will take you to the Bohemian Forest Protected Landscape Area, where you will probably n...
Stříbro is an important medieval town with many monuments and beautiful surrounding nature. The l...
Choosing a place for a trip is now a little more complicated, castles are closed, crowds of peopl...
When you hear Pilsner Urquell everbody knows the origin of this great lager – Pilsen. Yet not tha...