en.infoglobe.cz » CZ: Underground Rarities of South Moravia

CZ: Underground Rarities of South Moravia

Published: 22.6.2017
Those wanting to cool down in South Moravia (the region has the highest number of sun hours of any Czech region) during hot summer days should go under ground. There you can find many world's firsts and you can enjoy it regardless if you are adrenaline seeker, a senior or you have children.

Magical Caves

The Moravian Karst enjoys a shining spot among South Moravia's tourist attractions. It is the largest and the best developed karst area in the Czech Republic. You can find it north of Brno. There are over 1600 registered caves in its underground. Five of the caves are open to the public: Balcarka, Katerinska, Vypustek, Sloupsko-sosuvske caves and especially the labyrinth inside Punkva caves in the Pusty deep, one of the most popular locations in the Czech Republic. There are many underground spaces decorated with dripstones. Especially great is the vista down on the bottom of Macocha, a 138,5-meter gorge. Visitor spend part of the tour by sailing down the Punkva river – the longest underground river in the Czech Republic (10 kilometers).

Sloupsko-sosuvske caves   Macocha

Balcarka cave

Obri dom (Giant's dome) – the largest underground cave in the Czech Republic – is another unique sight in the Moravian Karst. The dome's size is  70 × 30 × 60 meters and it belongs to the so called Rudicke propadani. This and the Byci rock are the deepest and longest caves in the country.  Amaterske caves are country's  longest cave network – 34,9 kilometers. The longest trail for visitors is to be found in Sloupsko-sosuvske caves (1 230 meters). The largest caves open to the public is the Katerinska cave's Main dome (97 × 44 × 20 meters). Concerts often take place here. The steepest cable car (average inclination of 63,41 %) takes you to the Upper bridge of the Macocha gorge inside the Punkva caves.

Katerinska cave

In the southern part of the South Moravia, there are other cool caves to enter. For instance, Na Turoldu in Mikulov. However, people with physical disabilities are not advised to go to the cave. Close to Vranov nad Dyji, there are Ledove Sluje in the Podyji national park. Ledove Sluje is a network of 14 cave 400 meters long and 30 meters deep. You will surely cool down in local micro climate in any season of the year. Moreover, there is an artifical cave inside sandstone massive of Milenka hill in Rudka u Kunstatu town. Be ready to see sculptures of the Blanicti knights or President T. G. Masaryk.

artificially made cave Rudka u Kunstatu

A Touch of History

It is a very well known fact that there is a lot evidence of Prehistoric settlement inside the caves. However, you can actually travel back in time and learn about Pavlov once again in the underground. The recently opened Archeopark displays artifacts from the era of the mammoth hunters. The park is basically all hidden in the terrain. In 2016, it was awarded with the prestigious Building of the Year award! Here you get right at the center of archeological excavations. The exhibition displays the settlement of the region before 25 to 30 thousand years. It shows essential discoveries made at Pavlov, Dolni Vestonice and Milovice. In this region, the oldest bone remains of the modern man were discovered. Moreover, Venus of Dolni Vestonice is the oldest known ceramic figure in the world!

moderní Archeopark Pavlov

Other findings on display are linked to South Moravian more recent history (8th to 10th century) particularly to Velka Morava, the arrival of Cyril and Methodius and the beginnings of Christianity in the country. You can see these artifacts in Mikulcice Slavic stronghold, in Pohansko near Breclav or in Hradiste on the outskirts of Znojmo.

Slavic burial grounds, Mikulcice

Under Historic Towns' Paving

However, it is chilly down there in the underground of Znojmo's historic center. The adrenaline in Znojmo's undergroundunderground of Znojmo is the largest underground corridor and cellar network in the Czech Republic. Moreover, it is one of the largest labyrinths in Central Europe. This unique labyrinth is almost 27 kilometers long. In some places, the labyrinth has as many as 4 storeys – not all accessible though. You can either take the classic scary tour or one of the three adrenaline routes.

There is a vast underground in Brno too. The public can access the medieval labyrinth under Zelny Trh, the Coinmaster's cellar on Dominikanske square or the ossuary at St Jacob church. The accessibility of the underground to the public has been increasing. Visitors can now see utility tunnels or one of the most secretive shelters right under Spilberk castle. The shelter was built during the Nazi rule as Luftschutz which was supposed to shelter against against allied bombing of Brno. During communist times, the shelter was to protect region's top officials. Don't forget to take a flashlight with your to a night tour in the shelter known by the official designation as 10-Z. When exploring the underground of Brno, don't miss casemates of Spliberk. In the Baroque times, these were feared prison for the worst criminals from across the entire monarchy. Later, political dissidents would be imprisoned inside this massive fortress.brněnské podzemí Mincmistrovský sklep

Cellars Veiled in Wine Aroma

The two-storey underground of Slavkov-Austerlitz chateau has charisma of its own. However, this one is mostly used for activities revolving around farming. Valtice underground stacked with wineDown, inside the cellars of Chateau Valtice, there is the official headquarters of National Wine Center. Valtice underground – a unique 710-meter long labyrinth of cellars – is a place where you see wine around every corner.  This underground space was created  in 1289 togethwer with the foundation of a Minorite cloister. There is much charm inside the Painted cellar, Satov. Sculptures made by the folk artist Maxmilian Appeltauer decorate the cellar. The artist native to Satov spent all his life, every Sunday for 36 years, decorating the cellar. Not even the loss of his arm during the WWII prevented him from continuing in his work. Surprisingly, wine has never been made here. It was only consumed…

wine cellars, Vrbice   Painted cellar, Satov

Well, there are many cellars in the South Moravian underground where you can cool yourself down with some delicious wine during hot summer days. The region has the highest number of wine cellars per square meter in the Czech Republic!

More tips for tourists and a calendar of events in South Moravia can be found  here:  www.jizni-morava.cz

Author: The Head Office for Tourism  – Jižní Morava, z.s.p.o.logo

Photos: Archive CCR-JM

+ LOGO South Moravia

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

CZ, Tišnov: A Gateway to Vysočina – VIDEO
Published: 23.2.2021
The historic town of Tišnov is known to most people in connection with the famous monastery of Porta Coeli in the neighboring Předklášteří. But Tišnov itself is definitely worth a visit, let's go to it together now.

CZ, South Moravia – Activities and Adrenaline II
Published: 15.6.2017
Those who want to spend active vacation in South Moravian region, those who want to invest their time in adrenaline activties shall find many oportunities to heaten their blood. There are many things you can do on the land, on the water, in the air – the choice is yours. The last week we introduced you to the first part of our miniseries. Now comes the second…

CZ, South Moravia – Activities and Adrenaline, part one
Published: 8.6.2017
There are many great options what to do for those who intend to have active vacation in South Moravia and are attracted to adrenaline activities. On the water, in the air, on the land – the choice is yours. This is only the first part where we introduce you what you can do in this splendid region…

CZ, South Moravia – Baroque All Around
Published: 25.5.2017
South Moravia is often called the land of sun and wine. The number of cultural sights of different historic periods is without parallel in th Czehc Republic. However, no other architectonic style is more present here than the Baroque.

CZ: South Moravia – The Land of the Sun, Wine, and Hospitality
Published: 9.6.2016
When the Creator was giving he was particularly generous to the south Moravians. Thus, they could call their land the “land of wine.” He gave them the most sun in the Czech lands as well as warm climate doing good to grapes but bolstering recreational activities as well – for instance at Vranovska dam, Brnenska dam or on the lakes near Palava. So what waits here for visitors? Great Moravian landmarks, castles, chateaus, sacral buildings, great works of engineering, border fortresses, and beautiful places in nature. There is no coincidence in south Moravia being the second most interesting locality for tourists right next to Prague.

CZ: Znojmo – Wine, Cucumbers, and Fascinating History – VIDEO
Published: 19.7.2016
There is beautiful historical town of Znojmo near the border with Austria on the south of Moravia. It became famous for its wine and cucumbers. Only few know that you can find here, for instance, the relic of St Bonifac, many Middle-Ages landmarks, and that popular TEDx conferences take place there. Let's see Znojmo throughour article and the lense of our videocamera.

CZ: Podivin – A Forgotten Town Near Lednice – VIDEO
Published: 12.7.2016
We are going to conclude our mini-series on Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape in podivin. It is a small town on the way to D2 freeway. This town doesn´t belong to the compound. However, it would be a missed opportunity to not to see it. A uniqe Jewish wedding ceremonial hall or Januv castle (a Liechtenstein structure imitating historical architectonic styles) are just a few to name some landmarks. We are not completely sure how the name Podivin came into existence…

CZ: Lednice Chateau – Liechtensteins’ Unique Project– VIDEO
Published: 28.6.2016
Only some places can in beauty equal Prague. Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape – especially Lednice chateau – is such a place. It really deserves its place in the UNESCO’s cultural heritage list. The House of Liechtenstein realized a unique project for their time and there is almost nothing like this in the world. Come and see with us a small share of what waits for you in Lednice.

CZ: Valtice – Moravian Capital of Wine – VIDEO
Published: 5.7.2016
It was a forgotten borderline town. Nobody would travel there. Today, it is a growing center of wine where many talented people work. Valtice town is, like Lednice, part of the UNESCO world heritage. Apart from beautiful Renaissance-Baroque chateau or a park, there is the famous Wine Saloon, two beautiful churches, a number of interesting houses, as well as several buildings scattered across the Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape. We recommend you to spend at least couple of hours in Valtice while on you are on your trip across south Moravia. However, the best would be to spend a whole day there.

Related Photogallery

CZ: Lednice III. - Park
Visit the castle in Lednice in southern Moravia enjoys also the one, who is not too interested in...

CZ: Lednice II. - Chateau Greenhouse
Chateau of Lednice offers the visitor several topics to explore. Equally appealing is the unique ...

CZ: Znojmo - South Moravia Jewel
Historical town of Znojmo, situated along high bank of Dyje-river Valley, belongs to most remarka...

Related Videos

CZ: Znojmo – Wine, Cucumbers, and Amazing History
Znojmo became famous for its cucumbers and wine. There are, however, many beautiful landmarks. Th...

CZ: Podivin – A Town Near Lednice
This small town is not part of the Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape yet you should see it anywa...

CZ: Valtice – Wine Capital of Moravia
Valtice and Lednice belong to UNESCO's world herritage. We recommend you to visit it, indeed. The...

CZ: Lednice Chateau - The Liechtenstein Summer Residence
Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape is home to Lednice chateau which is better than many other lan...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 19. 10. 2021
tuesday 19.10.
14 °C
wednesday 20.10.
16 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.