en.infoglobe.cz » Chile: Easter Island - a mysterious paradise

Chile: Easter Island - a mysterious paradise

Published: 17.4.2022
Easter Island, well known thanks to its stone statues, is situated 3220 kilometres distant, in southwest direction from Galapagos Islands, and 3600 kilometres in west direction from Valparaiso in Chile. This country annexed the island in 1888. Easter Island could be reached by air from Chile.

Easter Island

Easter Island is of volcanic origin. It has tringle form, of 16, 18 and 24 kilometres dimensions, and it is located thousands of kilometres distant from any civilization. When first Europeans landed here during Easter 1722, they saw, first of all, stone statues put up along coast, looking at inland. Local inhabitants took very different attitude. Some of them welcomed newcomers friendly and set fires, some behaved distrustfully and collected stones, in order to be defended in case of necessity. When Captain Roggeveen and his Dutchmen crew entered the land, they found, that three races lived here in concord. Some people had their hue of the skin dark, some red and some of them had surprisingly white skin. Some had their ear-laps decorated with special discs, and just these people presented the statues their particular respect. Leaving out of consideration their prone to theft of all subject they had seen, they were very friendly. The thefts let to conflicts with Dutchmen and aborigines, and the soldiers shot down several persons. The discoverers saw very few women, most of inhabitants were hidden in underground caves. So, Dutchmen left an island the next day.

Easter Island

In 1770, Spanish expedition from Peru obtained similar experience. The inhabitants of Easter Island were friendly, and the soil was still cultivated. Anyway, four years later, when Captain Cook landed at the coast, saw completely different situation. The soil was neglected and deserted, people were hostile and demoralized. They took with (as a difference from past times) weapons, wooden cudgels and spears. Big statues were reversed, and it was obvious that nobody prayed to them. In 19th century, the island became a target of slave-hunters. Especially in 1862, local inhabitants very hard suffered  from invasion of slave-merchants of Peru. Afterthat, when this culture was nearly devastated, the Europeans came, in order to study this culture in detail. Christian missionaries tried to bring them over to Christian faith and leave from local Make-Make God. At this experiment, they discovered small God-statues. The people shelted it in their homes. Later, there were found even wooden plates, where even signs of letters were carved on. However, the Europeans destroyed it, as they took it for pagan cult objects, nevertheless, some of them remainded preserved. Thes plates rongo-rongo were written (described) from left to right side, and, in opposite direction, from left to right side. However, it was not succeded to open cipher signs and solve importance of these signs.

Easter Island

Anyway, most phantastic discovery of Easter Island, there are gigantic statues, named Moai by aborigines. Some of them are four meters or ten metres high. Its height makes even 20 tonnes. Some of them are more bigger and weigh more than 90 tonnes. They have unusually great heads, their chins are pushed and their ears are enlarged, anyway, their legs are missing. Some statues have „hats“ from red stone on their heads. There were discovered even unfinished statues in one quarry. There exist many speculations, how the inhabitants of Easter Island effected the transportation of such statues (people say that the statues came and made their position on places by themselves).

Easter Island

Nevertheless, the scientists found  that the statues have their centre of gravity situated very profoundly. The movement could be reached probably by cooperation of 15 persons by means of long ropes. It is interesting that in Easter Island language exists one word, marking way of movement, enabling slowly shifting, without not using of legs. So, it is no secret, how these statues were created and how the movement was effected. Anyway, there exist plenty of unanswered questions, such as: Why the statues were created? Do they present Gods or predecessors? Why the statues look at inland and not at the coast? However, the statues are silent…

Easter Island

GPS: 27°05'53.4"S 109°22'34.5"W

Text: Jakub Štantejský

Photo: Wikimedia.org - Rivi, Bjørn Christian Tørrissen (2), Ian Sewell



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

Easter - a celebration of life
Published: 16.4.2022
The Easter time is great almost for everyone, whether for relaxation, entertainment or spiritual point of view. Today's society is connected with this holiday, especially so-called "birch rod and pouring by water", when the echoes of our homes every year whoop girls hiding from the wicked pouring.

Chile – Pucón, Villarrica and Trips to the Surroundings
Published: 29.7.2017
Villarrica town was the next place on our travel itineary. First we were not sure if to stay at Pucon, a town 25 kilometers further away which is also one of the msot popular places in Chile. Locals made the best use possible of the location of this town. Pucon is situated by Lago Villarrica. National parks, thermal springs and wild river surround this town. Last but not least, there is Villarrica volcano which close to this town and also its greatest attraction.

Chile, Santiago de Chile – Welcome to the Capital
Published: 14.9.2021
Santiago is the capital of Chile. It is the first stop on our three-week long vacation. The city is surrounded by the mountains. About 6 milion people live there. The journey there is quite long (it took us about 14 hours). You won't regret it, however.

Chile, Valparaíso – Great Experience for Tourists
Published: 22.7.2017
Valparaíso dubbed Valpo is a city situated in central Chile. It is known for colorful houses. Moreover, there is one of the largest and most important ports in the country.

Chile: Puerto Varas, La Arena and Boat Ride to Pumalin National Park
Published: 5.8.2017
Puerto Varas was another stop on our journey along Chile. It is as popular as the town of Pucón. Puerto Varas is very well maintained. There are many stores selling sporting clothes and sporting goods. We crossed the main street and reached Lago Llanquihue. The vistas are impressive from here. We even spotted two volcanoes – Osorno and Calbuco. Osorno volcano rises above water. It is of a perfect shape.

Chile: From Coyhaique to Argentina and on the Route 40 Back to Chile on the Route 40
Published: 12.8.2017
We conclude our journey across Carretera Austral at the town of Coyhaique. We leave Puerto Aysén and enjoy amazing nature with amazing vistas. The Río Simpson river is our company for almost the entire journey. By the way, the rivers flows across Reserva Nacional Río Simpson nature reserve.


Related Photogallery

Chile – From City to Nature
South America is very interesting and have been increasingly popular among tourists Today we trav...

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:friday 27. 5. 2022
Holiday:Valdemar
Today:
friday 27.5.
14 °C
Tomorrow:
saturday 28.5.
12 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.

X

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.

X