Eastern Slovakia: Solivar - Unique Technical Monument I.
Today we head back along the eastern Slovakia. In our two-part series, we are going to visit one of the most technical monuments in the Slovak Republic - Prešov Solivar.
This national historic landmark, one of the most important technical monuments in Slovakia can be found relatively easily. Southeastern part of the East County city of Prešov is still called Solivar. As a good reference point you can serve and torso of the tower of the former salt warehouse, which was one of the most impressive architectural objects Solivar whole area. On 18 May 1986 but burned down warehouse building. The fire had destroyed the unique and inimitable bolted wooden truss structure.
The jump to history
Already in the Middle Ages from salty springs, springing at the foot hills near Slanské peaks near Prešov, harvested salt. Written mention of mining salt around Prešov dates back to the 13th century. Prešov salt is not used only for salting foods, also found its use in the glass, dyeing and the manufacture of soap or paper. Leopold began to dig a pit in 1571 and a year later there began underground mining. That ended abruptly downward groundwater flooding during the night of 21 to 22 February in 1752. Mine turned into a sort of underground salt lake full of brine.
Brine is a saturated salt solution in water, which contains in one litre of 15 to 300 g of various salts, but for most of us known as the kitchen salt. The method of extraction and processing of natural brine evaporation was known in medieval times. Particularly interesting is the fact that the time to confirm that the brine can be extracted to cook larger quantities and also a better salt than that of the stone, which are many years laboriously dug out from underground. The extraction of salt, therefore, started using a new technology that has been pumping salt water in leather bags by a pump driven by horses or oxen, which is called "gágel". One such bag to brine extraction had content of 5 to 7 hectolitres.
If you are interested to know more about salt and its journey to the stores, read next part when we will visit the unique museum.
Text and photo: O. Maňáková
The town of Prešov (Prjashev in Rutherian, Preschau in German or Eperjes in Hungarian language) is located in East Slovakia and it is a capital of Prešov Autonomy Region.
Today we move to Slovakia’s third largest city to learn about its beauties, sights and interesting facts. It is situated in the region which gave it its name. The city is also famous for the Shroud of Turin. Last but not least, the city is the place from where you enter diverse region of Saris. Maybe you have guessed what this article is about. Yes, it is Presov.
Everybody who seeks to experience unseen beauty, see masterful works of art, or just to relax in beautiful nature should visit the city of Bardejov or Bardejovske spa which is nearby. There are gems and wonderful places in Slovakia’s northeast. These cannot be seen even in the most popular tourist points of interests. We shall introduce you such place on the lines to follow.
On the following lines we take you to eastern Slovakia to the world-famous Tokaj wine region. We will not visit wine cellars, however but an observation tower unique for its architectonic style and vista it offers.
Today we will discover one of the most technical-technological museums in Slovakia.
Christmas and New Year, we celebrated with my husband´s parents in the Eastern Slovakian town Sabinov. Because Mark's mother is a great chef, there is no surprise I had a problem to close my jeans after two days. But on the table were more and more goodies every day. And so we agreed that we'll have except candy, a small excursion to the surroundings every day to little move at least.
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Lets join us for a hike in Slovakian Karst’s beautiful valley between Hajsky Hill and Miglinc. There, Haj, a small village is located. You can travel there to Zadielska plain which is nearby or to Turnansky castle. Today, we visit another sight – Hajske waterfalls and cascades.
Bukovske hill is slightly low geological formation in Slovakian east partially being on Polish territory in its north and partially the Ukrainian on its east. Much of the territory is protected by the UNESCO and a part of the Poloniny national park which was declared in 1997.
After a long train ride we finally reached the easternmost village in Slovakia – Nove Sedlice. It was raining heavily at the time of our arrival therefore we headed right towards Kremenec guest house. Except for affordable prices they have quite good food. And we couldn’t refuse east Slovakian beer Saris. It was pretty water compared to Czech beers.
On the following day, we woke up in sunny yet quite cold morning. We packed our things, ate something and set off to another day in the Bukovske Hills, especially after we found out how many spiders accompanied us in our sleep and how many holes are in the hut. Our plan for that day was to descend following the red tourist trail. We would travel through Ruske, once a village, Zalomy saddle to Runina village. The hike would take us around3 hours. However, actually it was one hour longer as we stopped often to take breathtaking pictures or to rest
The Vihorlat (or the Vihorlat Hills) is a volcanic mountain range south of the Bukovske Hills. Majority of this mountain range formed in the Neogene. Its geomorphological formation finished about 9 million years ago.
The weather in the following morning was amazing and sunny. Upon packing all of our things we set off. Following the yellow tourist trail we reached a red route. Then we followed the green route which got us to Polana. There we climbed an unmarked trail up to the summit of the Vihorlat, the peak of the day.
Eastern Slovakia: Šariš Region – Castle of Šariš I.
Since immemorial time grew up in strategic positions, almost near all major trade routes and waterways, stone castles, watch towers and even the palace. From many, the once dreaded power seats, today is preserved only ruins shrouded in legends. Today we will visit together the unique ruins of the Šariš region - Šariš Castle.
In the 13th century began the history of the national cultural heritage, Krásná Hôrka castle, which is today part of the SNM - Museum Betliar. In 2011 the castle underwent reconstruction of the premises and visitors had the opportunity to see an extremely valuable collection.
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