Hungary: Győr – Ancient and Lively City
The city of Győr is located near Slovakia on a half way between Vienna and Budapest. Thanks to its location, number of architectonical sights, cultural and natural gems, Győr is among favorite tourist destinations.
In the previous part we had visited Sopron, a city rich on history. After we had learned about its almost mysterious streets and sights we moved on to a very beautiful city of Győr. We arrived at the city after sunset . But it didn’t negatively influence our positive impressions when we walked through the city center. Every place in the city is easily accessible for highway which are crossing the city through and through. Only recently Győr-Pér Airport has been finished, it made even better access to the city for locals as well as for “the whole world”.
Like many other cities even Győr experienced first settlement in the time immemorial. First there were the Celts, later the Slavs, Romans and Avars. In the 9th the city was part of Great Moravia and in the 10th Hungarians settled there. The city experienced also a Mongolian invasion, an invasion of the Bohemian army and the Turks. The present look of the city was designed by Italian architects who came there in the Middle-Ages. Its importance raised even more in 1743, in the year when Győr received a status of a free royal city by Maria Theresa . In the time of the Napoleonic Wars the city’s development slowed down. After World War II it changed and new panel housing estates were built as well as roads and an extensive renovation of historical center.
Győr is unique thanks to its artistic sights. It has the second largest concentration of historical landmarks in the whole Hungary. This is one of the reasons why it is worth visiting this city. Renovated baroque city became the protector of sights laureate. No wonder. Beautifully decorated churches, museums, palaces with typical baroque corner balconies and narrow historical streets – they attract those visitors who long to learn about history. Our evening walk in the historical center was very informative as we learned about a thousand years old history of Hungarian Christianity. Fabulous sacral buildings represented it. We had learned Stephen I of Hungary had founded the first diocese there more than thousand years ago. A massive basilica is a proof of this, it was built in the 11th century and gradually expanded. Among unusual sights in the city are also the Benedictine Church of St Ignacio of Loyola , the very first Jesuit church in Győr, or a town hall with a typical heightened tower, a symbol of the city. This electrical complex built in 1896 – 1898 is used today for town hall assemblies or organ concerts.
Győr is not only a city of beautiful architecture but of youth as well. They return here gladly to see some concert, for instance, or some art. Various festivals are held here but those who like spending their time in nature wouldn’t come in vain for there are three rivers in the city. Also a healing spring is there and everyone can test its medical effects in reopened Rába Quelle spas. Around the city there is a water world Szigetközu (Little Rye Island) and the Pannonhalma Highlands . The whole city and its neighborhood is crossed with many nature trails and bike trails.
It is also interesting that Slovak nation builder, patriot and writer Ludovit Stur was supposed to study here. Right in Győr his interest in the world of Slav emerged.
Text and photo: Oskár Mažgút
Near the town of Miskolc in northern Hungary, you may visit Eger, a smaller town by size and famous for its city castle, thermal baths, baroque architecture and the northernmost minaret of the Ottoman Empire. Let's take a look at it right now.
If you consider yourself a traveler who doesn't like travelling too much and don't like to travel great distances; or maybe your financial situation restrains you from seeing what you would like to than go to Budapest. Situated in central Europe this city has amazing atmosphere and is pleasure to look at.
Even in time period between World Wars, there was a proverb that Hungarians are divided into two nations - inhabitants of Budapest, and those, who are not living in Budapest, countryside people („videki emberek“). This distinguish was really given with enormous differences between capital and small Hungarian villages.
You would better say - the towns in puszta. As mentioned before, south-east part of Hungary merits special prolonged weekend stay, bringing you completely different experience, in comparison to western part of the country, moreover, the countryside is completely different.
On a confluence of the Mošonský Dunaj and the River Litava, not far from Slovak borders, there is a beautiful town with houses built mostly in baroque or classicist style. The name of the town is Mosonmagyaróvár and it was founded in 1939 when settlements Moson and Magyaróvár merged.
Once one city on the Danube, now two separate cities in two different states. One on Slovak - Komárno and one in neighboring Hungary - Komárom. And the city of Komárom today we head for knowledge of His beauty and rich history.
After a couple of hours in the train, I arrive in the terminus of Budapest Keleti Pályaudvar. Right the main hall of the train station inspires me to take out my camera from the backpack. It is a pity that one would not see here a steam engine. It must have been beautiful. A stay here for two nights prior my flight to Sri Lanka. I am lucky because I managed to get pleasant accommodation in the city center via AirBnb. It costs only 300 crowns a night...
In the last part, we were talking about the history of the town in a beautiful area of the Lower Danube. Today we will talk more about historic sights and town’s icons and also we will focus on tourist industry. Many tourists from far visit Mosonmagyaróvár each year.
The city of Sopron is located near Hungary-Austrian borders. Due to this fact the city speaks officially with two languages. Today we will introduce you not only the history of this city which suffered of many wars, but we will take you also outside its borders to let you enjoy its nature, which will feast your eyes.
Five-parts excursion in Hungary is an inspirative talk about interesting places, life style and history of a state, which have more common things with Czech Republic, as originally expected. So, first part is dedicated to a question, why to visit Humgary, why not to be afraid of non-organized travelling, and we shall learn couple ow words in Hungarian language, too.
Budapest, capital of Hungary, is better (as mentioned before) to visit with some travel agency for the first time. Circular tour does not miss all most important sightseeings, of course.
Anyway, even without assistance, you are able to find your way.
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