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Mladeč Caves

Published: 9.12.2010
Mladeč Caves are composed from labyrinths of three subhorizon floors. Totally, 330 metres of corridors and halls are open for public. The caves are to be found in the community of Mladeč, Olomouc Region.

The caves are situated in headland of limestone ridge if Třesín, in an altitude of 345 metres above sea level. This cave system passes through limestone belt from valley of Hradečka-brook into wide valley of Morava-river.

The entrance as well as its environs are well arranged. The administration building is placed nearby.

In Mladeč Caves, you can find labyrinth of parallel and transverse corridors, situated in three main cave systems. Final orientation of separate sections is stipulated with tectonic cracks and fractional zones. As main pannel, these are clayish, loamy and sand-clayish sediments.

 

The caves have mostly character of narrow and high corridors, which become more narrow, and its height is changing in dependence of its evolution. So, they are typical with its numerous and parallel cave side-scenes and rocky barriers or pillars. The cealings and the walls are mostly distorted and full of alcoves.

In some parts of cave spaces, there are to be found flat, short, expressively limited and differently orientated rusty channels, forming dense nest on vertical walls, reminding some strange pictures or cuneiform writings. This fact forms a graphical impression of a man, but, in reality, it is special sort of cracked limestone. On the other hand, the development of lower floor is less known.

Decoration elements:

- big stalagmites were taken away, to be offered on markets in Olomouc, where the fragments

decorated gardens as well as the tombs in the old cemetery

- the stalagtites in caves are represented mostly with short formations of sticks´or carrots´ type

- small quills are to be found there, too

- some stalagmites are to be found in distant and later discovered spaces, such as Virgin Cave

 

Some interesting facts:

- Mladeč Caves were discovered during limestone excavations within 1826-1828

- in 1850, front part of caves were probably set free from stalagmite decoration

- The Mummy (2,4 metres high) is most popular stalagmite and also a symbol of Mladeč Caves

- in the caves, a finding place of human mortal remains (Homo Sapiens Sapiens), was discovered, the age of which was stipulated into time interval - 40000 - 20000 years B.C.

- the biggest bone point, got from Mladeč Caves (28,8 cms long) could be admired in Museum in Vienna (Austria)

- even appendages of 22 teeth (incisors and canine teeth) of various animals were found there

- the caves are winter station place of bats

- air-temperature in the caves is moving around 8 °C

- the length of caves system is 1250 metres long, and the space has a span of 30 metres

- sightseeing route for public is 330 metres long

 

Text: Tereza Flašková

Source: Jeskyně (Edice Chráněná území), RNDr. Jaroslav Hromas a kolektiv


 



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