SK: Kezmarok – Castle of Black Lady I
As we promised in the last article, today our journey in the royal city Kežmarok ends at the castle. Kezmarok Castle, which was one of the few forts in the world that does not stand on a hill, hides many interesting and mysterious nooks. We will visit these in this article.
The castle dates back to approximately 1463 . It is related to the house of Zapolsky. King Matej gave them right to collect taxes, from which it was still possible to build a castle majestically acting.
The castle was designed as an urban type. It was supposed to protect the city from enemy attack. But its purpose was in fact exactly the opposite . Castle town unprotected, but he fought against it. You ask how is this possible? The explanation is simple. People of Kezmarok did not want to give up the rights of a free royal city. If Kezmarok lost its status , it would be just subjected city. This would not be convenient for people, but for lords of the castle. They would gain the most of this supposed status. Despite the efforts of families Zapolsky, the status did not changed. At least until 1528. The family gave the castle to Lasky, a Polish house. The family had financial troubles thus they had to raise taxes multiple times. Due to these circumstances, the castle became a property of the house of Thököly . The family become the new owner of the castle. The Thököly rebuilt originally Gothic castle to a splendid Renaissance residence. They built a Baroque chapel and stables. During the reign of this family there were frequent armed clashes with the city and even vicious murders. The people of Kezmarok finally managed to buy themselves out from under tyranny of the castle lords. They did it with the assistance of the emperor, who confiscated the property of the castle. Inventory castle was taken to Levoca and Vienna. In 1702 the castle became the property of the local people.
Castle people began to use inferior purposes. He served as a granary grain, barracks, workshops or hospital. In the 18th century castle burned down several times and a century later occurred first attempts at establishing Castle Museum . These efforts materialized in 1931, when they were at the entrance of the castle tower installed collections documenting the life of the city and its surroundings. World War II slowed the development of the museum. A German squad of soldiers resided in the castle and after suppression Slovakian National Uprising a part of the castle became a prison for guerrillas and civilians. Even worse event in history happened when the castle became a kind of preparatory to deportation of Jews. In 1946, the castle became again part of the concentraion camp for citizens of German nationality, who had to leave the country as a part of post-war expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. Eventually, the museum was opened again. At the beginning of the 1950’s, the castle makes available nine thematic rooms. From 1962 to 1985, a general repair of the castle and it took over management of the museum. From that time until now it owns a total of 5 buildings. They are: castle with exhibitions, extension of the castle (the stables), two town houses - a house on the Main Square No. 55 where the exhibition on residential culture in Spis is located. And the house in Dr Vojtech Alexander’s street. There are occasional exhibitions. The last object belonging to the castle is a bastion that is used as a museum’s depository.
Exposure may have visited in person. About the Museum us the most excited, however, let's talk for a week.
Text and photo: Oskár Mažgút
The town of Prešov (Prjashev in Rutherian, Preschau in German or Eperjes in Hungarian language) is located in East Slovakia and it is a capital of Prešov Autonomy Region.
Today we will travel to northeastern Slovakia, to a place close to Stara Lubovna. To the town of Hniezdne. Here you may find a tourist attraction which you would hardly see anywhere else around here.
Today, we set off to Stara Lubovna district. We visit Litmanova village which is known for its ski resort and also for the place of pilgrimage, blessed with apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
Summer is in full swing and it is the best time for family trips. Medieval castles are among the most popular attractions. Children and adults enjoy this. That's why we were fascinated by a new book that helps you to discover medieval castles from a new perspective.
Autumn is the most colorful period of the year and one of the most suitable for exploring the beauty of Slovakia. This time we will take you to the village of Červený Kláštor, where we will experience an amazing adventure in the form of a rippling river.
Today we will take you to the peaceful area of Zamaguria, which stretches in the northeast of Slovakia. We will visit Cerveny Klastor Smerdzonka baths, where healthy mineral water flows since ever. Rumors of the healing water under Tri Koruny (982 m.) beagn to spread as early as the 14th century, when Carthusian and later Kamaldul monks from a nearby monastery used it for their healing practice.
We visited the town of Master Paul last week – Levoca. We move 11 kilometers to the south to Spisska Nova Ves. This town is considered the gateway to the national park of Slovensky Raj.
Today our steps are directed to eastern Slovakia. To the royal city of Kezmarok that is not only a significant historical center of the region of Spis but it is also a place of cultural variety and unique personalities.
Last week we wandered in a royal city under the Tatras - Kezmarok and today we will continue in this visit. This time we go to the streets of the historic center, where we will meet with dominant architectural gems.
Today we visit the eastern metropolis – Kosice. We visit one of the oldest and most important Slovakian museums – East Slovakian Museum. We tell you something about its foundation and individual exhibitions.
Autumn is the most colorful season of the year and it is ideal for family trips. During one sunny day we set off to the town of Svit. We know about it that it is one of the youngest towns in Slovakia.
The Spiš region is one of the most attractive places in Slovakia thanks to the four national parks that surround it. It is also exceptional in its tradition of distilling.
In the last part we briefly introduced you to rich history of Kezmarok Castle. Today we will visit a unique museum. It is located in the castle and we recommend you to visit it very much.
Last week we visited the sights of Kezmarok. The wooden church, the lyceum of Kezmarok, a new evangelical church, town hall and a museum housing culture. Today we are in our journey sightseeing continue.
At Huncovska road by the royal city of Kezmarok there is a small, hardly noticeable building. It hides a mysterious history within. It is the oldest small water power plant in Slovakia. Today it provides locals with electricity.
Today we head to eastern Slovakia in the former village Strážky, which is currently part of the local Spišska Bela. Strážky lies on the main route between the Royal City Kežmarok and the previously mentioned city Spišska Bela. Known for its spectacular castle, an English park and a unique bell tower. And for these unusual sights pointed our steps.
Take a hiking trip with us on the highest peak of the Pieniny Mountains. They are Vysoké Skalky (...
If you plan family trips for the autumn, you should visit the Pienin area, more precisely the pic...
Very close to Stara Lubovna, there is the village of Hniezdne with its unique tourist atraction. ...
Spisska Nova Ves is as well the entrance point to the Slovak Paradise as a place where you can en...
Slovakia's third largest city – Presov – is a place which boasts with over 300 cultural landmark...
In the northwestern part of the Spis region, near the city of Poprad, there is a beautiful town ...
We invite you together with us by means of a photo gallery to visit the regional town of Kez...
There are many beautiful places in eastern Slovakia. One of them isSpisska Bela that offers walks...
Poprad Cityhides well-preserved historical center in Spisska Sobota, its northwestern part. There...
Castle Spis is built on a travertine hill and is one of the largest central-European castles. Fi...
For all who like Slovakia, we have prepared a small tasting of the Dunajec River. Enjoy a unique ...