SR, Vysoké Tatry: Past And Present Of Smokovce
City of Vysové Tatry is in terms of cadastral area the largest city in the Slovak Republic. It consists by fourteen settlements, of which perhaps the best known and most sought after tourist are two villages called Smokovec.
They form four separate settlements and Old Smokovec - one of the gateways to the Tatra Mountains, Nový Smokovec - known spa, and Dolní and Horní Smokovec - settlements guesthouses and resorts.
In 1999 these settlements became part of the Vysoké Tatry, but let things in order. Together, let's look at the history and present of various parts of the city, respectively original settlements.
Under the southern slope of the massive Slavkov shield is peculiar architectural oldest Tatry settlement Starý Smokovec. It was founded in 1793 at the mineral spring, which until today is releasing its wealth on behalf of the water from the depths of the earth and refreshes passing tourists and visitors to our mountains. Over time, the settlement was built on the important tourist and treatment centre and currently is the administrative centre of the Vysoké Tatry. Here seat the municipality and the council as well as the Tatra mountain rescue. But let's get back to what makes this village special. It's architecture! The dominant feature is the Grandhotel from the early 20th century, which is built in the Art Nouveau style or wooden chapel from 19th and 20th century by the famous architect Gideon Majunkeho Tatra. In addition to these there are plenty of gems, fortunately mostly renovated villa with beautiful ornamentation or carving. There is also beautiful Swiss House or Villa Flora, which serves the city for exhibitions and various other social events.
Starý Smokovec is the gateway to the Vysoké Tatry mountains and also the starting point for shorter and day hikes. For the less savvy tourist recommend a trip to Hrebienok, whether on foot or by funicular railway. From there it is just a jump to Studenovodský waterfalls and Rainer, Zamkovský Bílik cottages. For those savvy are open valleys Small Cold Valley with Tery hut and the Great Cold Valley is Brigand hut. If you want to have a panoramic view of the whole area under mountain, it is necessary to ascend the highest peak of the former Tatry - the Slavkovsky Peak (2452 m). In the Old Smokovec is full of restaurants, guest houses, cafes and sports shops. In summer there are rental bikes and scooters in the winter ski and sledges.
How we learn from archaeological excavations, approximately two kilometres to the southeast along the left bank of the Slavkovský creek were found the remains of mills of La Tène period (450/400 years BC.), Suggesting that this area was inhabited long before today's settlement. It owes its existence primarily pure alpine environment. And just because the settlement has the attribute therapeutic. It is home to the most famous climatic health resort in the Slovak Republic, which formed the foundations of nursing doctor Nicholas Szontagh the treatment of tuberculosis. Hospital and later added a modern bath house Palace. In Nový Smokovec there is also a ski resort with a less demanding terrain, which seems primarily descents for advanced beginners or families with children. Here is a commonplace of accommodation and catering facilities. In Nový Smokovec you can find even a gas station.
Relatively young settlement began to develop in the 30th 20th century. It was originated from a group of smaller hostels, guest houses, rest homes and shops. Horný Smokovec soon became popular starting point for hiking, which is true even today. It is interesting that the locals still refer to this location, respectively its western part, the original name nice prospect.
Treatment settlement with a specialization in child tuberculosis and diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which dates back to 1881, when Jozef Bohuš Kežmarský teacher tried to build near the old Smokovec inexpensive tourist hostel. Due to lack of finances, the fate of this hostel changed. The building is assumed Kežmarské banking company that created the building under construction resort Hungarian aristocracy. Later he participated in the development of this settlement. It built a hotel, a wooden chapel, whose designer was none other than Gideon Majunke. During the 1st World War, grew up a military hospital, which was rebuilt after the war the hospital for children with tuberous. Today has the name Šrobárův Slovak Institute of the outstanding physician, professor and politician.
Both of Smokovec villages are one of the busiest settlements of Vysoké Tatry city. They are pleased with the great interest of visitors, whether in summer or winter. During the year, it hosts many events and activities that fit into the contrast coexistence of man with mountains. In the romantic alpine environment there are attractive jogging, biking and ski trails. And also thanks to them, people like to come back here.
Text/photo: Oskar Mažgút
It is not necessary to provide you with some extensive introduction of the High Tatras. These mountains are simply splendid. They lay in the heart of Europe, being a well-known and popular destination among domestic and foreign tourists. Mostly those who love alpine treks travel here frequently. Koprovsky peak (2367 m) is one of the most famous and most visited points of interest there.
One beautiful day we came into conclusion to climb one of the Tatranian shields. Therefore, we travelled to Strbske Pleso lake and from there we set off for the Salisko summit.
This time we visit our beloved Tatras, more precisely the village of Strbske Pleso, which is part of the village Strba. From the Tatra Electric Railway - Strbske Pleso stop we go through the tracks to the recently renewed national cultural monument - the Monte Móry lookout tower.
Fall is perfect for walks in nature. Today we follow spa sidewalk, which is less known to the public, that we accidentally discovered in the High Tatras, in the village of Stary Smokovec.
The Tatranian National Park offers many beauties. High and steep mountains, deep valleys, majestic falls, unseen beautiful fauna and flora and also beautiful things hidden in depths of the area such as various caves. Only one of them, though, is open to the public.
In Stary Smokovec in the High Tatras there was ceremonial opening of the Alpine Clubhouse in the beginning of May. It is a great place for everyone who likes being in mountains. The Clubhouse interconnects relaxation, knowledge and services not only for mountaineers.
Dear readers, today we will return again to the Cottage by Zelené pleso. In the previous article we talked about its predecessor – Egida’s cottage, its construction, reconstruction and other hardships. Today we will focus on the fate of the cottage itself. The cottage remained until present something like a guardian of Zelené pleso.
In the previous article we began walking our tour of knowledge about cottages in the Tatras. We found out how they developed from simple sheds to regular cottages that are mostly parts of some settlements today. Now we will move a step ahead. We will examine the past not that distant.
Perhaps every one of us has visited the High Tatras. Beautiful enchanting nature, noble and sharp peaks of mountains or crystal clear lakes give the place its unique feeling that you wouldn’t find anywhere else. Today alpine cottages enrich this scene. We will examine their history on the following lines.
In the first part of articles about Tatra railway we wrote about the beginning of its history and we learned about the technical world unique -"Tatra intercity trolleybus." Today we will focus on the modern railway history from the early 20th century to the present.
Tatra electric railway as we know it today, keeps only a piece of the rich history of this unique monument. In the following lines we look at the development of the first trolley in the world to contemporary electrified railway.
At Huncovska road by the royal city of Kezmarok there is a small, hardly noticeable building. It hides a mysterious history within. It is the oldest small water power plant in Slovakia. Today it provides locals with electricity.
Today our steps head to a Tatranian village located beneath the second highest peak in Slovakia. Lomnicky Stit. Tatranska Lomnica is one of the most beautiful areas of Vysoke Tatry city district. It hides not only rich architectural history, or the largest ski resort in the Tatras but also the new Ski museum.
It is not much long since we have visited the town of Svit, famous for its Bata brick houses. Then we said that we would like to return here. This summer it happened. Instead of exploring the town we set off in the nature.
I spent two day in the High Tatras while on my way from Kosice and east Slovakia. I was lucky to spend there the most beautiful days of autumn. Even though sun shined only in the morning the weather was very good. It did not rain, snow, and it was not cold nor hot. Perfect when you go to mountains.
Autumn is the most colorful season of the year and it is ideal for family trips. During one sunny day we set off to the town of Svit. We know about it that it is one of the youngest towns in Slovakia.
The one who loves adventure and is reasonably physically fit, undoubtedly would like a few tips about easy winter hikes Velka Studena Valley, located in the Slovak part of the High Tatras. A year-round open cottage, Zbojnicka Chata (1960 meters), which waits for us in this valley, offers a place to rest, refreshment and cozy accommodation. We can spend here a few days without getting away from the surrounding of Tatranian peaks. Keep in mind, however, that the motion in the Tatras in winter outside marked trails is very limited according to the TANAP rules!
Beauty and pain, this is an actual picture of highest Slovakian mountains. The gale which run about across Tatra Mountains, cut its non-effaced message into this well-known countryside.
Two weeks later we go again to the Tatras. This time we visit a small village of Tatranska Lesna. It is located almost in the middle on the road from Stary Smokovec and Tatranska Lomnica. On one side it borders with the Path of Freedom and from the other side with the mouth of Studena Valley.
Today we go for a romantic walk to Strbske Pleso, a district of Strba town. It is a place that is popular among fishermen, however today it is a place where families with children go to, or where couples meet in the middle of Tatranian nature.
Slovakia is a rich country. It has many historical and natural beauties. 40 % of its area cover forests in which many protected and unique spiecies of plants and animals live. For them protected areas of various characters were declared. Today we will visit one of them.
In the second part of our series of articles on safety in the mountains we will deal with little Alps High Tatra, which are characteristic of their unique alpine mountains in Slovakia. Their articulation and slope are among the most dangerous pitfalls that ordinary visitors must overcome not only in winter.
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