en.infoglobe.cz » SVK: High Tatra Mountains - Krivaň: Symbol Of Slovakia

SVK: High Tatra Mountains - Krivaň: Symbol Of Slovakia

Published: 24.3.2011
A majestic shield of Kriváň Peak (2494 m) is not the highest in Slovakia but, no doubt, it is most known and popular among the other Tatra Peaks.

It is a fact that Kriváň does not belong to twenty highest peaks of Slovakia (it takes even the 27th place of all Slovakian mountain peaks). On the other hand, its magic silhouette, with striking curved top (its name is derived from the word „krivý“ = curved) drew an attention of poets, painters as well as standard people from times immemorial. So, Kriváň is literally ensnared with stories and legends. In past, this peak became a symbol of strengthening national pride and identity, however, sometimes misused for negative way of political targets. Its powerful shield was a symbol os Slovak national subconciousness. As a consequenece, it was decided in 2005, that Kriváň-Peak will be pictured even on back side of Slovak EUR - coins, with its nominal value of 1, 2 and 5 EUR-cents. Thanks to this fact, this Slovak-dominanta could be seen daily - it is sufficient to open your purse - nevertheless, this picture could be seen everywhere in the world, where these EUR-coins are to be paid for.

Kriváň Peak cannot be mixed up with any other mountain top

If you travel along North Highway from  West to the East  Slovakia, it is impossible to miss such picture or even change with another Tatra peak. Kriváň is the western top and can be seen (watched) just from Liptovský Mikuláš. From this part, it is, according to affirmations of many admirers, most beautiful view. The photos of Kriváň, made in our article, were obtained in the village of Pribylina, where we had, (during our routine journey from West to East Slovakia), several hours´ stop, in order to visit very nice nature skansen - Liptov Village Museum. Kriváň, arising in west section of High Tatra Mountains, at the end of long range of Kriváň „razsocha“ (fork), running from main range of High Tatra Mountains from Cubrina, was, is and will be looked for with all lovers of mountain tourist walks. From its peak, several other ranges are diverging in fanshaped way, nevertheless, for tourist walkings, there are important mainly two ranges, i.e. south and south-west range. The south one is running across Daxner Col, and Small Kriváň, is enlarged, establishing wide range, terminating Nad Pavlovou Hill. On the other hand, south-west branch is running throughout two apparent elevations - i.e. Upper and Lower Priehyba - up to afforested Grunik. Even now, some visible traces after mining from 15th-18th centuries could be found at south and south-west slopes of Kriváň. Further, from Kriváň top you can fully enjoy unrepeatable wonderful panoramatic outlook towards west part of Slovak and Polish Tatra Mountains and towards Liptov Valley.

Kriváň - Important Climbings

Several unknown miners, as the first persons, climbed probably to mountain top. Nevertheless, as the first, written documented climb, was undertaken in 1772 by Jonas Andrew Cirbesa, evangelic preacher and naturalist from Spišská Nová Ves, together with his friends. As the first written documented winter climb was effected on 1884, participated by T. Wundt and leader J. Horvay. During long history of tourist tours in High Tatra Mountains, Kriváň Peak was visited by many important personalities, such as naturalists, scientists, or even statesmen and politicians. As a memory of climbing of Frederick August II. (1840), the Hungarian monarchists erected an obelisk on the shield, however, it was destructed shorter afterthat by Slovak patriots, the participants of so called „national walkings“. Anyway, the idea of climbings´ organization to Kriváň, within scope of national spirit, as an expression of freedom symbol and national -liberation struggle, was brought by Caspar Fejerpataky-Belopotocky, Slovak writer and editor. He climbed there, with his six friends, for the first time, on 24th September 1834. Nevertheless, the tradition of so called „National Climbings“ was fully developped just since 16th August 1841, when the peak of Kriváň was „conquested“ by Caspar Fejerpataky-Belopotocky, together with Louis Štur, Joseph Miloslav Hurban, Michael Miloslav Hodza, Sam Bohdan Hrobon and other „nationalists“. The biggest national pilgrimage (which was literally of national character), was organized by Stephen Marko Daxner, on occasion of the acceptance of „Slovak National Memorandum“ in 1861. So, since 1955, traditional climbings up to Kriváň Peak are organized regularly, dedicated to memory of Slovak National Uprising as well as their heroes in Kriváň Area. Separate annual courses are joined, in symbolic way, always to certain anniversary of some important event from the history or some jubilee of some Slovak patriots.

Access paths to the peak

If you decide to conquest such marvellous Tatra Peak, you need to reserve the whole day for it It is rather difficult mountain climbing tour, including hard ascent as well as descent. A locality, known as Tri studničky (Three Small Wells - 1141 m) is most frequent starting point for your tour. Caution: during your climbing, you have to exceed the altitude of 1354 metres! At crossroads, close to old TANAP gamekeeper´s house, you are recommended to follow green marked tourist trail, leading up through winding paths across afforested slope of Grunik Hill. Further, the route continues via Kosodrevina, and at Priehyba, the path is turning to Kriváň žlab (Kriváň Channel), joining blue marked tourist trail at its upper section. This trail leads the tourists from Jamsle Lake up to Kriváň top. Provided you manage to overcome all barriers, you will be enthusiastic with marvellous outlook to any world part. As far as descent path is concerned, you can choose the same route or another from the offer of marked paths. But attention: you are always obliged to follow marked tourist trails only!

The second, extraordinary popular tourist trail, leading up to the top of majestic Kriváň Peak, starts from Štrbské Pleso, close to Solisko healing house. Anyway, during such climbing, the tourist would take into consideration the altitude exceed of 1285 metres. Even in this case, it is again very difficult climbing of mountain character, where you are not permitted to leave market tourist trails (paths), from safety point of view. So, from Solisko, you follow red marked tourist path, moderately mounting, you reach cross-road Pod Furkotskou dolinou (Furkot Valley), continuing ahead, below Sedielkova kopa range. At next cross-roads, the path continues, following red marked tourist trail, but, later after couple of minutes, you would turn to the right (it is worth to continue your walk a bit of metres ahead to Jamske Lake, it is really an attractive section) and continue along blue marked trail, leading efficient tourist finally to Kriváň Peak.

Text/photo: O. Kubáčková

Translation: ing. Jan Jonáš


Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

SK, High Tatras: Winter Hikes in Velka Studena Valley
Published: 5.5.2014
The one who loves adventure and is reasonably physically fit, undoubtedly would like a few tips about easy winter hikes Velka Studena Valley, located in the Slovak part of the High Tatras. A year-round open cottage, Zbojnicka Chata (1960 meters), which waits for us in this valley, offers a place to rest, refreshment and cozy accommodation. We can spend here a few days without getting away from the surrounding of Tatranian peaks. Keep in mind, however, that the motion in the Tatras in winter outside marked trails is very limited according to the TANAP rules!

SK, Strba – Trip to Lakes of Love
Published: 10.4.2014
Today we go for a romantic walk to Strbske Pleso, a district of Strba town. It is a place that is popular among fishermen, however today it is a place where families with children go to, or where couples meet in the middle of Tatranian nature.

SK: High Tatras – Ascend to Krivan
Published: 1.5.2014
Soon winter closure of Tatranian tourist trails (15th June 2014) weill end. Therefore, in advance we bring you an interesting alpine hike trip. Our goal today is the peak of the peaks, the symbol of Slovakia – majestic Krivan in the High Tatras.

SK: Tatra National Park – Guardian of the Ridges
Published: 8.5.2014
Slovakia is a rich country. It has many historical and natural beauties. 40 % of its area cover forests in which many protected and unique spiecies of plants and animals live. For them protected areas of various characters were declared. Today we will visit one of them.

SK, High Tatras - Climbing up the Furkotsky Shield
Published: 27.4.2016
One beautiful day we came into conclusion to climb one of the Tatranian shields. Therefore, we travelled to Strbske Pleso lake and from there we set off for the Salisko summit.

SR: High Tatras – Forgotten Bystre Sedlo
Published: 9.2.2014
As many other places in the High Tatras (2314 meters) even Bystre Sedlo is not that well known among tourists. Perhaps, it is given to the fact that there is no cottage that would offer tourists some refreshments after being whole day on food. Or, perhaps, the route is not leading to any of the High Tatras’ peaks. There are only a few people but you will definitely enjoy your time in untouched Tatran nature.

SK, High Tatras – Alpine Clubhouse in Stary Smokovec
Published: 30.5.2013
In Stary Smokovec in the High Tatras there was ceremonial opening of the Alpine Clubhouse in the beginning of May. It is a great place for everyone who likes being in mountains. The Clubhouse interconnects relaxation, knowledge and services not only for mountaineers.

High Tatra Mountains: All Faces Of Nature - VIDEO
Published: 16.12.2009
Beauty and pain, this is an actual picture of highest Slovakian mountains. The gale which run about across Tatra Mountains, cut its non-effaced message into this well-known countryside.

Biela Voda Valley
Published: 20.5.2010
This National Nature Reservation is situated in north part of High Tatra Mountains inside land-register of the community of Tatranska Javorina, Prešov Region. The valley is 13 kms long, with many great adjoining valleys, and it is the longest one in High Tatra.

SVK: Pribylina - Liptov Village Museum
Published: 31.3.2011
If you will travel through north road-line from west to the east of Slovakia (or vice versa) and will not be in a hurry, and would like to reflect on, which sightseeings will be worth to visit (or where you wish to have a rest for relax), so we have one reference for you: would you leave the highway at exit Liptovsky Hrádok and drive in direction to Pribylina.

SVK: High Tatra Mountains - Long Weekend Full Of Adventure I.
Published: 19.5.2011
Just at the end of last year, I came to an understanding with my friend that this year's St. Valentine holiday we would prepare for our partners an unrepeatable experience in a form of so called „long weekend“ in High Tatra Mountains.

Related Photogallery

SK, High Tatras – Kriváň Gold and Guerilla Fighters
Today we invite you to a trip to the High Tatras to the majestic peak Krivan, which has been a sy...

SK, High Tatra - Monumental Krivan Mountain
It is one of the highest, most popular and most massive ridges of Vysoke Tatra. It is 2494 meter...

SK: High Tatras - Ice Beauties
Since December 2013 until March 2014, visitors to the High Tatras had chance tosee beautiful work...

SVK: High Tatra mountain - Lomnický Peak
Lomnický Peak (2634 m) was taken for the highest from all Tatra peaks for long time in past. Neve...

SVK: High Tatra Mountains - From Lake To Lake
High Tatra Mountains are beautiful during any year saison. Despite the fact that during our walk ...

SVK: High Tatra Mountains Seen From Baloon
A conquest of High Tatra Mountains, this was rather dangerous challenge for Czech and Slovak...

High Tatra Mountains
All pictures were made in autumn 2009. At that time, summer saison was over and the weather was n...

High Tatra Mountain Range
High Tatra Mountains are one of most beautiful and popular area of tourist movement of Slovak Rep...

Related Videos

SR, Štrbské Pleso: Slovakian Glacier Pride
In a southern edge of High Tatras in Furkotská valley you can find a typical moraine lake. Thanks...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 30. 5. 2023
tuesday 30.5.
14 °C
wednesday 31.5.
12 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.