USA: Virginia – Arlington National Cemetery
Fall is coming so we are about to visit a place of revence on our tour across the US. This place is in the town of Arlington.
Fall means school in our region and also leaf fall, change of weather and remembering those who passed away. On our trip across the ocean we visited the second largest city of Washington D.C. metropolitan area. This is also an area with the highest average income in the USA.
Arlington is situated in northern Virginia on the Potomac river. Even though its area is delimited by the city itself. There important government bodies and institutions such as Pentagon, Washington national airpot, and Arlington National Cemetery. Today, we visit the latter.
The cemetery was founded during the Civil War on the property of the important American General Robert Edward Lee, allegedly one of the best tacticians and master of defense in the 19th century. His wife was Marry Ann Custis Lee, a descendant of Matha Washington, the wife of US' first president George Washington.
This site of reverence covers an area of 2.5 square kilometers. In total, aroudn 400 000 people found their rest here. The deceased include American war veterans, soldiers killed in the Civil War, Great War, WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan, and others. Also, presidents were burried there among them J. F. K. with his brother and wife, William Howard Taft, an Ameircan traveler, professor at Yale, and the man who rediscovered Machu Picchu – Hiram Bingham, the American officer William Halsey, and many other important figures.
The very first soldier burried here was William Henry Christman in 1864. Over 400 Medal of Honor, the most prestigious and the highest of US military orders, are burried here as well.
The cemetery is simple one – a vast green with countless of evenly placed white tombsones without any sort of decoration. The cemetery is split to 70 sections. There is a section of the War on Terror, the so called sister, Chaple Hill, sector dedicated to Confederation and many others. There are also many memorials which are of the larger monuments – 28 main ones and 142 small ones. The tomb to unknown soldiers is one of the largest ones. It belongs to the Arlington Memorial Amphiteater, the venue of state funerals and holidays such as the Memorial day, Veterans Day or Easter ceremony.
There are other monuments located in cemetery: USS Maine Mast Memorial, Challenger Memorial, Lockerbie Cairn, 9/11 terrorist attack victims, memorial to women in service, Laos memorial, Iwo Jima fallen memorial etc.
The largest and greatest of American cemetary was featured in many Hollywood films. There is persistent problem with free space. They try to solve it by expanding the cemetry. Still, visiting the cemetary is very interesting and educating experience. It points out to horrors of wars, conflicts and accidents.
GPS: 38°52'48.0"N 77°04'14.0"W
Text: Oskár Mažgút
Photos: Oľga Maňáková
Překlad: Stanislava Waniová
From cold Alaska, we head to the midwestern state of Michigan, where the city of Grand Rapids, the second largest in the state, awaits us. Historically, it was one of the centers of the furniture industry, home to five of the largest furniture companies in the world. No wonder Grand Rapids is nicknamed the "City of Furniture."
In our journey through the United States, we may have never entered the state of Delaware. Although it is the second smallest state (after Rhode Island) with its six and a half thousand square kilometers, Delaware is of great importance for US history, as it was the first state to ratify the US Constitution. In 1831, the first steam locomotive in the USA left the local town of New Castle.
Washington D.C. is undoubtedly one of the most visited of American cities. Today we invite you to take a tour with us and see its sights, monuments and nice places.
After our last visit to Pennsylvania, today we travel to the neighboring state of Maryland. The state is known mostly for Camp David – the weekend residence of American presidents. Annapolis is teh state capital. The state is among ten smalles US states by area.
In the following weeks, we are going to visit some of the overlooked places in the USA. We begin our tour on the other end of the Atlantic in Pennsylvania, a state in the northwest of the country.
I had visited Washington D. C. during my two-year stay in the US. I had spent there three days for I considered it a duty to visit the city not only for it is the US capital but also for its vicinity. It is about 250 miles/400 kilometers from New York.
In the preceeding weeks, we focused on California’s theme parks. Today, we move thousands of kilometers to the east – to Florida, the sunshine state. Florida is another Mekka of the entertainment industry.
There is a mountain state in the southwest United States. It is known for beautiful nature, high mountains, ghost towns, important scientific institutions, and developed agriculture. If you guessed Colorado you are right!
We have travelled to many places in North America. One of the most recent was Denver. Today we don’t travel far from the largest city of the state of Colorado. We visit Boulder, a neighboring city known for its academic institutions, the Rocky Mountains and particular understanding of how life should be lived.
We left the Islands of Adventure for another theme park of many others surrounding Orlando, Florida. There is a lot to choose from. We, however, take a look at a place that is somewhat closer to us in some respects.
The world famous Hawaiian islands evoke contentment, peace, just all pleasant feelings you experience while in a vacation.
Many Americans want to either live in California or start and build their career there. Was California an independent country, it would be one of the strongest economies in the world. Many innovative companies concentrate in the state (especially in the famous Silicon Valley). You can find here San Francisco – the city of which many songs were written. Americans love it not only for the Golden Gate Bridge but for its atmosphere and culture. There is also one of the most famous prison – Alcatraz.
Last week we introduced you the most famous theme park in the world. It radically change the city of Anaheim. Once a sleepy Californian town became one of the most important cities in the state and revolutionized the entertainment industry.
The Death Valley national park is named after the valley of the same name which is located in the very park. The name was given during the Golden Rush in the mid-19th century. A road went across this valley down which goldrushers went to reach fortune and fame. They, however, were thirsty, and hungry. They had to kill their oxes and roast them atop burning carriages to survive. For these horrible experiences the valley is named after the death itself.
My trip to Alaska actually started long time before departure. Why Alaska, if beautiful places are really a lot? To fill my dream of travelling has helped me realize my father, an avid hunter, who for 20 years has travelled almost the whole world.
Boston, the capital of Massachusetts and a center of New England, has played a crucial role in the US history. It was founded in 1630 and the key event leading to the American Revolution happened there – the Boston tea party. Being is the city like living the American history itself, this is also due to the fact that Boston boasts with many firsts.
Europeans are close to the United States and whole North America and South America in a way. It is because they afflicted both continents irreversibly.
When we were about to decide what place we should visit in the northeast of the US - Chicago was our top choice.
Across the Atlantic, as we often refer to when we mention the United States, is the capital and the largest city at once of Colorado – Denver. The city of 600 thousand its elevation is exactly 1 mile, about 1.6 kilometers. Therefore, many Americans refer to it as the Mile-High City.
From inglorious Compton with high levels of criminality (decreasing) we move to the place well-known to everyone – Hollywood.
Almost two years while I was working as an au-pair I had lived in suburbia of the center of the whole globe. To describe every attraction worth visiting would take several articles. New York is the most monumental symbol of level of the world civilization. It consists of five districts - Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx and Staten Island.
I gave myself a four-day vacation in San Francisco in the middle of my two-year au-pair stay in the US. Everyone, who ever was there, never said anything except superlatives and mentioned the difference between east coast and west coast cities.
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