Do You Know That? Argentia - Iguazu Falls
As I mentioned, Iguaçu Falls or just Iguazu are the world's largest system of waterfalls on our planet. Their beauty is divided into two states - Argentina and Brazil, as the boundaries between them passes right through the water masses. Despite a massive, nearly 3 kilometre overflow, falling water of the river Iguaçu to more than 70 meters depth, where the rumbling turn to glittering spray. In the rainy season here the water falls to 275 springs with a flow rate of about 6500 m³/s. By contrast, in the dry season, when the flow has 300 m³/s, the number of waterfalls is reduced to about 150.
The appeal of the whole scenery, and its dramatic, gave characteristic name - Devil's mouth, and is also called the local's largest waterfall. Surroundings composed of National Parks Parque Nacional Iguazu on the Argentine side and on the Brazilian side of the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu. Both locations can boast by extremely well-preserved rainforest, till now salvaged against mining and excesses of tourists. It was for those over waterfalls built a sophisticated system of bridges, pavements and bridges so that the experience of water masses as possible was the greatest. Better view side is that Brazil one, from where you can see everything very well.
The main starting point for hiking trails and trips is an industrial city millions of Foz de Iguacu on the Brazilian side, which compete about attention with the Argentine Puerto Argentino, which is supposedly more interesting for tourists and above all closer to the waterfalls. Most of air lines fly through an international airport in Buenos Aires. Nearby is also the Ciudad del Este, which is already part of Paraguay, but surely it can´t be overlooked because of its historical significance. All these places like a river united - Paraná, South America's second largest flow of the Amazon, but also its Aboriginal significance speaks about water "as big as the sea." Paraná is 4350 km long and its basin covers an area of 2,582,670 km². Iguaçu is then its left tributary forms the border with Argentina.
Near the waterfalls is also one of the BEST, this time the technical, which is Itaipú - the second most powerful hydroelectric power plant of the world (730 MW) with a giant dam, almost 8 km long and 200 meters high. In these places the Paraná River forms the border between Brazil and Paraguay.
Text: Jan Chaloupka
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