en.infoglobe.cz » Do You Know That? Norway - Svalbard II.

Do You Know That? Norway - Svalbard II.

Published: 4.3.2012
The second stop in the wild, rocky islands, which, despite its harsh climate, inhospitality and location attracts more and more tourists who travel there to see the magical power of the midnight sun or the heaven cinema of aurora. What's all to attract them we will tell you in today's article.

 

Do you know that archipelago of Svalbard is the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world ever? That, what attracted adventurers for centuries was primarily fishing and polar expeditions, and later, after the discovery of mineral wealth, created here a colony of miners, craftsmen and scientists from virtually all corners of the planet. This interest has declined over time, but still enjoys a relatively wide islands of interest among tourists longing to experience something a little north of hardship, even if the conditions of today's comfort or accommodation vessel in comparison with the past is really only a smile.

Of course, you can´t assume that to Svalbard is coming as many travelers as the Canary Islands. Since the end of April until the end of August is the highest interest, the reason is the Arctic summer, when the sun never sets for 24 hours ... half a year. Now is the time when flocks are brought to life the polar birds, polar bears, walruses, reindeer and foxes and tourists. Even the flora is not far behind, but the trees we are looking for in vain. The top of the flora season are tiny flowers, the size of our or lily of the valley. A unique feature is the low forest of the world, consisting of dwarf birch grove forest.

Summer is also the spring and autumn, while the half-year stage culminates in July, when average daily temperatures attacking at 10 ° C! The coldest month of the year is March with -15 ° C in daily average.

The islands are covered with 60 percent of glaciers, are interspersed with rocky or endless snowy fields and mountains, sharp peaks to reach the eye. The highest point is Newtontoppen (1717 m) in the northwest of the largest island of Spitsbergen, which got its name after the physicist Isaac Newton.

National parks occupy a very substantial part of the island and some of them are even protected so that the human foot is not close to them at less than half of kilometres distance. Restrictions on movement and strict rules are certainly justified step, just as there may be the original natural system of perfectly preserved, isolated and called up while under the supervision of experts - naturalists. Safety precautions are essential in places where there is rampant contact with polar bears on the islands actually doing. In the case of such deadly encounters are virtually all visitors, and especially the expedition, trained in handling a rifle. Active and intentional interference hunting game is strictly prohibited. In addition, bears are usually meet and polar foxes and local reindeer, from the smaller mammals there are mainly the voles.

Currently the resident population of islanders includes around 2800 people, two-thirds of Norwegians are represented here the rest is made by Russians and other nationalities. The economic potential is the number one is fishing and coal mining however the only exporter is the Norwegian state coal company.

The largest town of Svalbard is Longyearbyen, with a population of nearly 2000 thousand inhabitants and it at the same time the northernmost capital of the world. Near it is the northernmost village of the world. However, this list of superlatives does not stop there: In Longyearbyen is the northernmost bank, hospital, kindergarten, library, night club, pub, school, supermarket and travel agency. The city's history dates back to 1906 when he founded the American John M. Longyear, who came here as other than coal.

Near the town is located to store of seeds, known as a Svalbard global repository of seeds. This facility was established to maintain a wide variety of plant seeds from locations worldwide. Equipment should be safe havens of seeds for major regional or global crises. Giant Ice halls of the former mine hiding hundreds of black boxes, frozen at -10 to -20 degrees, so that conserved supposedly last for hundreds of years. Total capacity is 2, 5 billion on seeds ... now it is placed approximately 750 000 seeds from 4200 plants.

The town Longyearbyen is, except the integrated transport system, a full-fledged centre of all social life of the islanders and tourists. Sports, cultural facilities, three hotels, a variety of shops, museums, cinemas and nightclubs are all available. Imagine that you go to 26th October evening in the bar and return to morning, 15th February ... that's could be a good party you think. The rest of the year, during the polar day, then you can sleep late hangover. A very real possibility to visit the islands is to sign up to study at a local university. Svalbard's University is since its founding in 1993 in favour of students from around the world. Frome the Czech universities there is University of South cooperating, especially in science and geography degree programs.

In the capital is in service the small international airport that is not international in the truest sense, as the main link was just to fly the Norwegian cities of Tromsø and Oslo. Anchored here and Russian ferries and icebreakers for expeditions to the Arctic – but we will talk more in the next episode. The main activities for tourists is a visit to the surrounding mountains, glaciers and cliffs with bird reserves, fishing is possible after obtaining a permit. The desired attraction is a ride with a dog team or on the sea kayaking the waters Advent fjord. The surrounding countryside is a paradise for geologists, the place will come here and fossil collectors, if they join to the allowed expedition.

Text: Jan Chaloupka

Photo: Wikipedia Commons: MateuszW, Bjoertvedt, M.Boris, Hylgeriak



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

Norway: The Land of Fjords II – VIDEO
Published: 18.10.2016
Another stop on our journey to the north along the eastern coast of Sorfjord coastline is Lofthus – a small village with well known apple orchards. Lofthus is visited by tourists thanks to a steep tourist trail. It goes uphill onto a plateau of Hardangervidda national park. It is a plain area of immense vastness.

Norway: The Land of Fjords I – VIDEO
Published: 11.10.2016
Sweden and Norway are Nordic countries situated on the Scandinavian peninsula which gives the country its cahracteristic features. The main natural attraction in the country are fjords cutting deep into the mainland. There are many such fjords in Norway. Areas without water are regions where many lakes are located. Or you can stumble upon some beautiful hilly area, plateau, deep forests or mountain ridge with a glacier. Nature is not the only thing worth of visiting. The two largest cities too – Oslo and bergen. The north of the country tourists usually avoid. If you seek to be on some remote place alone this would be the best choice.

Norway, Bergen – Large City between Seven Mountains – VIDEO
Published: 4.10.2016
I suppose that had you travelled to Norway by plane and you intend to see the fjords than you would probably lan dat Bergen airport (about 25 minutes away from downtown). I am not peculiarly interested in large cities still I would recommend you to spend there some quality time.

Norway, Oslo – Nordic Gem
Published: 22.7.2015
Upon our visit to Bergen we moved to the capital of the kingdom of Norway, Oslo. As the day was long and difficult, we rather went straight into bed than taking a stroll in the evening city. Yet we intended to explore the city first thing in the morning.

Norway, Bergen – City of Rain
Published: 15.7.2015
Upon our visit of unique Borgund Stave Church we got on the European route 16 (E16). It took us to the second largest city in Norway Bergen. There we spent a night and the following day.

Norway –Jotunheimen National Park
Published: 8.7.2015
Last week we left crooked road of Trollstigen and set off to the unknown. Why the unknown? Perhaps because until today we have not come into conclusion where did we landed with our ferry. What is important that we had the first truly touristy day.

Norway, Trollstigen – To See the King of Trolls
Published: 1.7.2015
Last time, we visited Norway’s third largest city – Trondheim. Today, we move to Dombas and then we follow a Troll road known as Trollstigen.

Norway, Trondheim – Coronation City
Published: 24.6.2015
We travel again. After the visit in the church town of Gammelstad and Sweden’s capital Stockholm we move to Norway. We visit this time Trondheim, a port city on the shore of Trondheim Fjord and the Nidelva River.

Scandinavia 2012 VIII. - Svartisen
Published: 6.5.2013
The main goal of our journey across Scandinavia was the Sarek National Park in Sweden. Our trek didn’t come out as we expected it would however, we were not disappointed either. Even in bad weather, we had some wonderful experiences.

Do You Know That? The Faroe Islands
Published: 1.4.2012
Halfway between Norway and Iceland is located a green islands, which, despite its undoubted charm remains a bit off the main tourist route between the above mentioned destinations

Do You Know That? Conquest Of The North Pole II.
Published: 18.3.2012
Polar tourism has become a natural part of normal supply and travel agencies. What experience, those who cruise for two-week adventure to the North Pole are investing more than half a million dollars? The answer you will find in today's article.

Do You Know That?  The Conquest Of The North Pole I.
Published: 11.3.2012
North Pole, the place, by which were fascinated many scientists and adventurers in the 16th century. In today's part we will go in the footsteps of those famous expeditions of the early twentieth century to the end in themselves boarded the Russian icebreaker and headed toward border of the Arctic.

Do You Know That? Svalbard I.
Published: 26.2.2012
Ice archipelago, which lies midway between Scandinavia and the North Pole, there is hiding places perhaps more remarkable than it might seem. Mineral resources and unique geomorphological composition of local rocks and rugged landscape here attracted number of expeditions, adventurers, and in recent decades as well as tourists. Today we will look there as well.

Do You Know That? Norway - The Beauty Of The North IV.
Published: 5.2.2012
The northernmost point of Europe, a place, where the sun never sets and a piece of rough land, but have always been attracted adventurers from all over the world ... Is it just the northernmost really point Cape North Cape?

Do You Know That? Norway - The Beauty Of The North III.
Published: 29.1.2012
To see one of the most impressive places of the Norwegian kingdom, we must go to the far north. Port Tromsø is one of the many places where the traveler can enjoy by breathtaking performance in the form of the aurora.

Do You Know that? Norway: The Beauty Of The North I.
Published: 8.1.2012
Scandinavia is an annual destination for many travellers, who like rugged landscape, untouched landscape and water with an abundance of fish. Our journey, however, will gradually lead to the Far North, at the very edge of Europe, which already lies behind the Arctic Circle.

Do You Know That? Norway And The BEST Place There
Published: 22.1.2012
In the third part of tour we will do the list of the Norwegian BEST places. We will visit the highest mountain, the longest fjord, the largest lake and waterfall, and other attractions in the Nordic countries.

Do You Know That? Norway - The Beauty Of The North II.
Published: 15.1.2012
Lofoten - pearl of northern nature, located above the Arctic Circle. The archipelago, whose breathtaking scenery you will not leave even for a moment idle.


Related Videos

Norway, Bergen – Large City Between Seven Mountains
When you arrive in Norway to visit the Norwegian fjords you probably start in Bergen. We recommen...

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:sunday 15. 12. 2019
Holiday:Radana
Today:
sunday 15.12.
8 °C
Tomorrow:
monday 16.12.
4 °C