en.infoglobe.cz » A Journey To Siberia - Nowosibirsk

A Journey To Siberia - Nowosibirsk

Published: 4.4.2011
Travelling in Far East, we have a look to Siberia again. As a target of our today's and next journey, it will be two important Russian towns, which are also important stops of Siberian Railway-Line at the same time. The town of Nowosibirsk is bigger, 1500 kilometres distant from smaller but much more interesting town of Irkutsk (it is approx. 40 hours train -journey).

The town of Krasnoyarsk (placed in half distance) belongs to another important metropolis on the route. Nowosibirsk (with its 1,4 millions of inhabitants) is the biggest town of Siberia, and is, after Moscow and St. Petersbourgh, the third biggest town of Russia at all. This metropolis which is placed along Ob-river, was founded relatively late, in 1893, as one from stops of Trans-Siberian Line, mentioned above. Anyway, as a considerated town, it was accepted since 1903 (its name was Nowonikolayewsk - in honour of Tzar Nicholas II). The town became a centre of important struggles among ascending Bolshewiks and so called White Army, formed with Czechoslovak Legionaries at the same time. However, Red Army managed to beat their adversaries. So, ofter destructive Leninism and lated even hard Stalin´s dictature could develop there. In 1925, the town was re-named to Nowosibirsk, when the town became, first of all, as an industrial centre, including several factories and mills. Nevertheless, this fact was not of big importance, within scope of future Empire, when the inhabitants´number (exceeding lightly 100 thousands of persons). Anyway, with Bolshewiks´ entry to the power, Nowosibirsk became more important crossroad of industry and business of West Siberia. Apart of this, great Soviet starvation added also with great measure to the growth of inhabitants, who moved there from poor surrounding areas. So, the slums and ghettos were founded there, ideal places for creation of typhoid or cholera epidemies.

The inhabitants´ decrease was comparable with increase at that time…

So, gigantic hydro-elecrtic power station (no castle or a church) became one of most characteristic dominants of the town. This construction required for its operation Ob-river boarding, so that so called Ob-Sea was created.

Penurious way of life of immigrants, together with the industrialization, brought Nowosibirsk a nickname „Siberian Chicago“. In 1962, it was the youngest town, exceeding the border of one million of inhabitants. It was only 70 years since a moment when the first wooden cottage was constructed on local swampy soil.

On the other hand, the metalurgical industry and machinery was equalled with high level of education and culture, represented in today´s modern town with 20 cinemas, several theatres, opera-house, ballet, and, first of all, with 24 Universities, including a branch of Russian Academy of Science. This institution has its seat there, since 1950, together with another 14 research institutions in the outskirts of metropolis, in an independent area, known as Akademgorodok, the Town of Academy. Nowosibirsk also became one from first towns, where compulsary essential education was ordered.

An underground (tube) forms main traffic line in Nowosibirsk It is in operation since 1985. Two airports connect the town with the world, including big railway station. The trains are directed to Moscow (2800 kilometres) and to Wladiwostok (3700 kilometres). From Prague, the distance makes 4500 kilometres, and the trip takes there - via Brest and Wolgograd - unbelievable 120 hours!

The climate of such area is really very diverse. It is documented with temperature oscillations in the course of the year. So, in summer, there is no exception the temperatures exceeding 30 °C. On the other hand, in winter, the temperatures decrease to -35 °C! No wonder, we are situated in the centre of Siberia.

At present, the town of Nowosibirsk is characterized as one of best centres for eventuel enterprising activities. Local standard of living is on very good level, as far as the Russian standard is concerned. However, the tourists do not have the chance to look for some attractive places of interest, provided they would not be interested in newly reconstructed or built Orthodox churches. Frankly speaking, Nowosibirsk is, regarding sightseeings, relatively young town, not offering much beauty places for the time being. Anyway, apart of this, at least this is worth to be mentioned! Let´s believe that our next stop in Irkutsk will be more interesting!

Text: Jan Chaloupka

Translation: ing. Jan Jonáš

Photo: Wikipedia Commons, Gelio, Aladux 


 



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

Moscow
Published: 17.5.2008
A person who visited the metropolis placed on Moscow-river will confirm that most populous capital of Russia reminds improvised box of bricks in hands of megaloman, without big sence for an order, but with enormous ability for improvisation, had constructed a home for more than 10 million of inhabitants.

A Journey To Siberia - Ekaterinbourg
Published: 21.2.2011
If you have the feelings that a winter prevails in our country, you are mistaken. Maybe, everybody from us made a notice about real Russian winter but hardly anybody could imagine the temperatures which drop to thirty degress below zero. And imagine that you are not living in cosy Central Europe but in Far East or in Siberia, in some from great towns of Russia.

Tatarstan: Kazan
Published: 7.3.2011
In today's wandering through Russian towns, we visit Republic of Tatarstan, its capital Kazan, one of biggest metropolis of Russian Federation.

Russia: A Way To Siberia - Irkutsk
Published: 18.4.2011
Today's chapter will describe the metropolis, situated in east part of Siberia. Irkutsk belongs to biggest Siberian towns. It is very important stop of Trans-Siberian Line, close to beaches of Baikal Lake.

Russia: Omsk - A Gate To Siberia
Published: 16.5.2011
South Siberian town of Omsk will be next stop during our Trans-Siberian journey. This town is known as a gate to Siberia, and we shall have a look at way of life in one of the greatest Russian metropolis.

Do You Know That? Russia - Murmansk Harbour
Published: 12.2.2012
During the journey through the farthest coasts of Europe, we visited the northernmost point of Norway, as well as some major ports and cities. In this tradition we will still continue, but the aim of today's journey will be located more on east. The Russian port of Murmansk, won´t fascinate you by beauty malls, but certainly there is something remarkable in what you should explore.

Russia: Vladivostok – At the End of a Long Journey I
Published: 12.5.2013
When I hear Vladivostok I think of something monumental, distant, decayed in a Soviet way and, at the same time, impressive. Something I naturally want to explore. What is interesting about Vladivostok, the terminal of the Trans-Siberian railway? We will try to answer this question now.

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:tuesday 12. 11. 2019
Holiday:Benedikt
Today:
tuesday 12.11.
3 °C
Tomorrow:
wednesday 13.11.
3 °C