en.infoglobe.cz » Cyprus: The Island of Two Worlds IV – Salamína

Cyprus: The Island of Two Worlds IV – Salamína

Published: 8.4.2017
This time, I leave Famagusta for Salamina which is about 10 kilometers away. Salamina is what remained of an ancient city. I can see the ancient columns and buildings right upon going through the main gate. The sea borders the ruins on the left. I pass by beautiful fountain decorated with statues up to the agora. On the opposite site, there is a pool and next to it a luxurious spa decorated with mosaics and frescoes.

There you can nicely observe the heating system. Columns made of brick are here under whole floor. Between the columns, hot water and air flew making marble warm. Holes made of iron hooks are in the walls. Marble plates were hung upon them. Marble was always scarce on Cyprus. Therefore, they used sandstone and covered it with marble.


Zeus in shape of a swan, or Létó, the mother of Zeus' children, andher daughter Artemis and son Appollo are exampels of mosaics you can see there. Then I go around the aqueduct towards the amphitheater which can host over 15 thousand visitors. Unfortunately, mere half of the theater is gone. Right next to the theater, there is a hippodrome. Once Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire, it was forbidden for gladiator matches to take place here. However, there was still a need to entertain the people. Therefore, the emperor made up horse races inside the hippodrome.


Salamína – fresky   Salamína

Salamína was once the capital of Cyprus. Then, however, its actual name was Constantia. Its port was very busy because ships exported copper, salt, and cedar wood from here. The city was well-fortified. It was becoming rich, and they minted their own coins here. However, during the Greek-Persian wars the city was seized by the Persians who demanded ships made of cedar wood to be built for them. I was amazed by Salamina; not even one tenth of the ancient city has been uncovered by the archeologists.

Salamína   Salamína

My next activity is the tour in the St Barnaba church. The church is very beautiful and it operates the Museum of Icons. There is a huge amount of them at one place. Some I recognize evenwithout reading descriptions. There were monk cells on the yard. Today, there is the Archeological Museum inside them. I take a look at ceramic containers. polished bronze mirror, Egyptian glass and toys. There is a small chapel behind the parking lot with a staircase which you can descend. The body of Barnaba was found there holding the St Matthew's gospel. Once a bishop discovered the grave, he travelled to Constantinople to visit Byzantian Emperor Zenon and gifted him the found Gospel. The frescoe looks similar to the ones in Cappadocia, Turkey.

St Barnaba church   St Barnaba church

At the parking lot, you can buy nuts, dried fruits, or Cyprian specialty - nuts which while still green are boiled in sweet water (sort of local baclava). Zivania, local alcohol in beautiful glass, is great souvenir.

The Karpaz Peninsula is the matter of next Saturday's article.

GPS: 35°11'06.5"N 33°54'05.1"E


Text and photos: Sylvie Halouzková

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Cyprus – Land Devoted to Aphrodite I
Published: 13.3.2016
Cyprus is the third largest island next to Italian island in the Mediterranean Sea. You can find it just south from Turkey. Since 1974 it has been splitted into two parts by the Green Line. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is in the north. The Cyprus Republic is in the southwest. The latter is a EU member.

Cyprus – The Land Devoted to Aphrodite II
Published: 20.3.2016
We got perfectly rested on a beach devoted to the goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite. Now we can continue in exploring sights and nature of the Republic of Cyprus.

Cyprus: The Island of Two Worlds I – Nikosia
Published: 18.3.2017
You need to go to Cyprus, had you not been there yet. The island is amazing and it will charm you. Its mountains, antiquity, or picturesque towns are perhaps its most magical features. For what its worth, the variety of experiences there are unlike anything you can experience somewhere else.

Cyprus: The Island of Two Worlds II – Kyrenia
Published: 25.3.2017
I leave Nikosia, the capital, for Kyrenia (Girne). We are headed to the mountains. Then we cross the mountains, and take in the view of the sea and Cyprus' nrothern shoreline. Kyrenia, a pleasant town with beautiful harbor and castle, is situated below us.

Cyprus: The Island of Two Worlds III – Famagusta
Published: 1.4.2017
Famagusta or Gazimagusa was the name of Ammochostos meaning "buried in sand". Local terrein is flat yet fertile. Visible are green pipeline leading here water underwater from Turkey. It has been operating only since 2016. Water is scarce on Cyprus.

Cyprus: Island of Two Worlds V – Karpaz Peninsula
Published: 15.4.2017
Karpaz is a point of rest for migratory birds. In addition, there are over 40 orchid species. There are also 7 snake species, yet only three are poisonous. Karpaz is also place famous for turtles and wild donkeys.

Related Photogallery

Cyprus: From Antiquity to the Present
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and is divided into Turkish and Greek...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 24. 5. 2022
tuesday 24.5.
16 °C
wednesday 25.5.
15 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.