en.infoglobe.cz » European Marian Columns – Epidemy Witnessess Made of Stone I

European Marian Columns – Epidemy Witnessess Made of Stone I

Published: 24.5.2020
In times when we can't go exploring other cultures, it may come in handy to look around. We realize that even in the past, people have had to deal with the pitfalls of diseases that have greatly affected the running of society. Evidence of this are the monuments expressing gratitude. One of these monuments, which we may have perceived in recent years only as meeting points, are the plague columns.

Among the cultural monuments, to which we may not pay much attention and often do not even know their history, are the columns, especially in the center of the square. These Marian, Trinity or Plague pillars are reminiscent of epidemics, fires, struggles and victories, but above all they are a manifestation of faith and gratitude.

Třeboň

The plague afflicted the population of Europe repeatedly, for almost four centuries. The first pandemic came in the 14th century and the last swept across Europe 300 years ago. It spread to Hungary in 1711 and ended in 1714. During that time, people gathered a lot of experience in the fight against the disease, many of which we still use today.

Hainburg an der Donau

One of the first protective measures was a strict ban on leaving the affected city, town or region. Even then, a network of quarantine stations was being built at the borders, where they detained people and goods for 40 days. The detainees were guarded by soldiers or a civilian armed guard, and several daredevils violating these rules were hung on the roadside as a warning. The patients' clothes were burned, and the premises were disinfected with smoke from pine trees. The houses of the infected were marked with a white cross - a symbol of the plague. All mass events were banned in the cities.

Videň

The result of regularly recurring epidemics has been famine, poverty and depopulation of entire areas. Back in the 18th century, the plague was considered God's punishment. They were again based on the Bible, where the four horsemen of the Apocalypse were given the power to destroy a quarter of humanity with sword, famine, plague, and beasts of prey.

Linz

Those who survived the epidemic began to build Marian columns in memory of the victims of the disease, but mainly as a thank you for its end. At the same time, the columns served as a request for protection from a possible further epidemic. Significant development of construction throughout Europe took place in the 18th century and from an architectural point of view it was a significant artistic element of Baroque art.

mariánsky sloup

The plague columns penetrated us from Italy, where, however, the climatic conditions are completely different, so in our more extreme conditions, the columns needed more maintenance and better processing of building materials. The basis was mainly sandstone, which can not withstand the weather for a long time. For this reason, many of the columns in our squares are just copies. Only rich cities could have columns made of more durable rock.

mariánský sloup v Římě, Giovanni Paolo Pannini

The construction of Marian columns with a statue of the Virgin Mary comes from France from the 10th century, but it became common especially during the Counter-Reformation in the 16th century. One of the first was the column on Piazza Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. It served as a model for many columns in Italy as well as in other European countries.

For example, the Prague Marian Column was built by the important Czech Baroque sculptor Jan Jiří Bendl on the Old Town Square shortly after the Thirty Years' War as a thank you for helping in the fight against the Swedes. At noon, his shadow showed the Prague meridian, which was used to determine the exact time of sunshine.

pražský mariánský sloup, Karl Herlossoh

It was later associated with Habsburg rule, and after Czechoslovakia declared its independence in 1918, it was torn down and destroyed. Fortunately, the Society for the Restoration of the Marian Column on Old Town Square in Prague has been trying to restore it since 1990 through a public collection. The intention succeeded, because at the beginning of the year it began to be erected in its original place, and so in these characteristic times marked by a pandemic, the symbol of thanks and victory will return to the heart of the "hundred-towered".

And in a week we will focus on Marian columns in Slovakia.

GPS: 50°05'14.6"N 14°25'16.1"E (Old Town Square in Prague)

 

Text: Mgr. Anna Nociarová

Photos: Wikipedia.org Giovanni Paolo Panini,, Karl Herlossohn, redakce, pixabay.com

Edited by: Infoglobe

 



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

CZ, Prague – Parizska Street: Luxury Zone – VIDEO
Published: 14.1.2014
The most expensive street in the Czech Republic, with no doubts. You can guess it from reading signs on this avenue connecting Letna and lively Old Town Square.

SK, Marian Columns – Stone Witnesses of Victory over Epidemics III
Published: 28.6.2020
Today we will set out together to explore the Slovak trinity pillars. Our first stop will be Bratislava, which has experienced many plague epidemics.

Plague Columns - Stone Witnesses of the Victory over Epidemics  II
Published: 7.6.2020
To the glory of the church and as a thank you for protection against the danger of epidemics or war conflicts, monuments were erected in the most honorable places of cities. Today we will stop at the more ostentatious ones, they will fascinate us with their beauty and monumentality. But do we know their past and do we know why they decorate our square today?

CZ, Prague – Kampa: Island of the Old Town – VIDEO
Published: 26.2.2013
No matter what the current weather is, Kampa and Charles Bridge are still overflowed with tourists. Including the day when the temperature fell to minus 3 degrees and it was occasionally snowing. This place hidden under the Charles Bridge offers thousands of different views. Kampa is simply beautiful in every season of year.

CZ, Prague – Beautiful and Ugly Zizkov Tower I
Published: 3.2.2016
Our journey across Czech Republic’s popular as well as less frequented spots we move to Prague. One of her most distinctive sights is the Zizkov TV Tower.

CZ, Prague – Wallestein Garden and Other Quaint Nooks of Prague
Published: 5.11.2017
This time we take a walk into the streets of Prague. We will omit the main landmarks on purpose. Our goal is to see places with for distinct atmosphere of their own, places that you will love.

CZ, Prague: Karlin – A Touch of France by the Vltava – VIDEO
Published: 6.11.2018
Who would have thought that before the great flood in 2002 and a few years later would become one of Prague's most luxurious neighborhoods? Today, there is are great cafes, bistors and restaurants one next to another. The houses have been beautifully repaired and the streets are always full of life. You will easily think that you walk along some beautiful boulevard in France.

CZ, Prague: Jubilee Synagogue again in the Spotlight – VIDEO
Published: 15.7.2014
In Jerusalem street, an inconspicuous street from Jindrisska tower in Prague, is hiding a gem among Prague's buildings - the Jerusalem or als the Jubilee Synagogue. Witnesses may know it as the Great Synagogue.

Italy, Langhirano – Place Prosciutto di Parma is Made
Published: 28.4.2019
ertainly you know the world-famous dried Prosciutto di Parma ham. We bite into these thin slices and set out on a journey through the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. Our goal was to manufacture this specialty. Together, today, we look behind the scenes of prosciutto - the goodness that the world has fallen in love with.

Italy, Lago di Garda – For Relax and Sport
Published: 29.7.2019
Do you plan to spend your holidays in Italy this summer? How about at least once trying to swap the sea for a lake. I promise that you will not regret this decision.

Italy, Modena I. - The History of the City
Published: 23.1.2019
Italy is a country of rising hills and plains with beautiful scenery of its historic sites. This time we will take you to the scenic lowlands of the Emilia-Romagna region, through which runs the River of Po. We will visit the famous city of Modena, which is also known for the impressive voices of its natives Luciano Pavarotti and Mirell Freno.

Italy, Milan – Known and Less Known
Published: 20.6.2018
Milan is one of those cities where you can spend a few days and still discover something new. Since the time of the Celts, the city has developed into a modern economic center of Italy. In its tangled streets, overcrowded with cars you occasionally find some interesting sight which maybe is not one of the top attractions of Milan, but as we we are there already, why not and make a stop for a while.

Italy, Rome's Surroundings – Visit to Tivoli (Villa d'Este, Villa Adriana)
Published: 30.3.2017
We decided to leave Rome on Sunday for Tivoli, a town about 40 kilometers away. Formerly, this was a place where Rome's rich went to recreate because they had their summer residence there. Today, tourists are most intrigued to visit the magnificent Renaissance villa – Villa d'Este.

Italy, Pisa – Campo Santo and Other Gems
Published: 3.11.2017
In the first part on Pisa, we saw three main sights situated one next to another. This time we are not going far either.

Italy, Busseto – Following the Traces of Verdi
Published: 23.5.2018
Setting out from the birthplace of the famous music composer Giuseppe Verdi - Le Roncole - we go to the town Busseto, mere kilometers away. It played an important role not only in the musical but also personal life of the famous composer.


Related Photogallery

Italy: Charming Towns and Townships III
When you say Italy, everyone imagines fashion, art, music, beautiful landmarks, exceptional gastr...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townlets II
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townships
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

CZ: Prague: The  Way to the Prague Castle
Sights from a beautiful way leading to the Prague Castle. Photo: Maxim Kucer

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:wednesday 8. 7. 2020
Holiday:Nora
Today:
wednesday 8.7.
17 °C
Tomorrow:
thursday 9.7.
22 °C