» Finland: Suomenlinna – An Island Fortress with Rich History
Finland: Suomenlinna – An Island Fortress with Rich History
Today we go to one of the islands near the Finnish capital of Helsinki. There are many islands yet only one island complex is that important that was with other six Finnish landmarks included to UNESCO’s list.
We talk about a unique historic fortress of Suomenlinna built on a rocky island. Its story dates to 1748, the time of Swedish rule over Finland. From there derives the original name of the fortress - Sveaborg which translates as Swedish castle. Its current name, Suomenlinna, comes from Finnish war of independence in 1918. It means Finnish Castle. In Swedish, however, the fortress has its original name of Sveaborg, so Swedish not Finnish castle . The fortress was utilized as a military facility as soon as during the second world war. In 1991, thanks to its unique military architecture it was included to theUNESCO’s World Heritage Sites list . Today, the fortress is a tourist attraction and there live about 800 people.
Should you long to visit the fortress you have to travel to Helsinki. It takes you about 15 to 20 minutes to get to the island from the south harbor. During summer holidays you can get there by water bus. Suomenlinna is to be reached only by water transportation. Both means of transportation are part of public transportation system. You can buy tickets right from a ticketmachine at the place from where the ships set sail. Right on board there are brochures to introduce you the most important places.
What should you see first while seeing the large compound? Noteworthy is an old church near the harbor. Its tower is also a lighthouse. Should you go further, just couple of meters behind the bridge there is another important place. It is a courtyard which is also the most important center of life at the fortress. It was built in 1748 and rebuilt after a damaging attack during the Crimean War. Continue along the tourist trail until you reach the place called Kustaanmiekka. Lovers of history would be enchanted. It was built during Russian rule and it is scattered with many historical cannons. Romantic souls then would be interested in a view over the sea and its waves reflecting sunlight. When you have enough go on until you reach monumental King’s Gate. It is the symbol of Suomenlinna. Built from 1753 to 1754 it served as a ceremonial entrance gate for rulers.
You can visit six museums at the fortress. The most important of them is the Museum of Suomenlinna. As the only one it is open year round and it offers an interesting exhibition including a movie on the history and life at the fortress. Also, very interesting is a museum in a Finnish submarine called Vesikko active during the second world war. Another museum on the island, a one you wouldn’t expect there, is the Museum of Toys . You can see there toys dating to 19th century. If you get hungry during the walk, you can visit one of local restaurants or coffee bars. There is about ten of them. Half of them offers pleasant atmosphere and delicacies during the whole year
To conclude, take good mood with you. It is important to plan your trip to Suomenlinna ahead and watch weather forecast. We were not lucky about weather. Foggy cliffs had some magic in them, yet overcast and thick fog embraced the whole island almost entire day. This didn’t let us to enjoy breathtaking view on the sea and enjoy unique atmosphere of the island
Text/photo: PhDr. Josef Levý
Finnish national parks are considered among the most beautifulin the world. There are thousands of lakes in the southwest of the country and, in the Baltic Sea (near the coast), many islands covered of untouched nordic nature.
Today we visit the capital of Helsinki in the country also called Suomi. Despite the city is well-known and sought by tourists, don’t expect crowded streets. As the country in which it is situated, the city is calm and quite quiet.
Today we take you to a small harbor town on the coast of Osthrobotnie. The city of Kokkola situated between Oula and Vaasa is not something that we would recommend you for an individual trip, however, if you pass by, you should stop there and see what they have.
After another traveling across northern Finland we visit the sixth largest city of the country of thousand lakes – Oulu. The city has long history. Its golden era was in the 19th century when it became world tar production center. Thanks to this Oulu was not just a trade center, but also center of culture, education, and art.
You can get easily to Rovaniemi just like to other larger Finnish cities by plane. From the airport you can get to the city by regular public transportation. If you don’t mind long travelling you can get to Rovaniemi by train as well.
In today’s article we return again to one of the most important Finnish cities. To its industrial heart, Tampere. In the last article we introduced you its atmosphere, visited the downtown, explored the most important sacral buildings and also saw the northern edge of the city that borders Lake Näsijärvi.
This is the first of the series of articles on known and unknown cities of the land of thousand lakes, Finland. This time we go to a picturesque industrial town in the lake area of Tampere. It might seem that those are opposite terms, picturesque and industrial. In Tampere, however, they managed to put everything together.
Today's article, in which we meet with Finnish specialties, is last of our series on favorite meals and beverages.
After a visit in Riga, Latvia we set off to the last of the Baltic countries – Estonia. Northernmost Baltic country has rich history and amazing sights. We traveled to Tallinn to see those.
Our trip to the Baltics region started in Lithuania. There we visited two beautiful cities – Vilnius and Trakai. Today, we move to Latvia, Lithuania’s neighbor. We visit its capital, Riga. The city is truly charming.
The Finnish cuisine is said to be a simple, fresh, used locally, and the Finns are considered masters of combinations. Today's episode is dedicated to nutrients - dairy products, which together with vegetables, fish and dark bread is one of the basic building blocks of the Finnish diet.
In the article we travel to far north and continue in our last story about Rovaniemi. However, we will not stay any longer in northern town. We will travel a few kilometers to the north. There is the place giving tourists the reason to stay in Rovaniemi. It is the home of Santa Claus – Santa Claus Village.
Finland, a beautiful and peaceful country that not only has thousands of lakes, but also thousands of flavors. The following lines are devoted to the phenomena of Finnish cuisine that is full of vegetables, fish, brown bread and dairy products.
In the article today we will explore what type of beverages are the most popular in Finland.
Finland – beautiful and peaceful country. It has thousands lakes and thousands tastes. The following lines are devoted to delicacies of Finish cuisine. It consists of vegetables, fish, dark pastry and milk products. It is not always that healthy as it may seem.
After a week, we return to Finland to visit other beautiful places in one of the happiest countri...
Come with us to visit Northeast Europe, more precisely the Nordic state of Finland. In addition t...