Greece, Athens– Tracing the Antiquity
For ancient Greece enthusiasts, visiting any other city is probably not a “duty”. After all, it is the most important Greek city-state and the center of Hellenic trade, art and politics. Today, the city is a busy metropolis, which has managed to preserve most of its historical legacy, so nothing prevents us from taking a walk where the new and the old mix.
The most important landmark of the city is undoubtedly the Acropolis, which was built primarily during the reign of Perikl (460–430 BC) as a symbol to emphasize the power and strength of this city-state. It is an impressive complex of buildings, created under the supervision of sculptor Feid and architects Iktin and Kallikrat. The main entrance is the monumental gateway of Propylaea with a small temple dedicated to Athens Niké. Behind her on the left is Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the patron saint of the city, Athena Partheon. This building also served as a treasury and was intended to point out the wealth and power of the city, which it has been doing for over a thousand years. On the northern edge of the plateau we find the second most important temple, Erechtheión (dedicated to Poseidon). This temple stands out above all six statues of young women (caryatids), which have the function of supporting columns.
The well-preserved Odeon of Herod Attic and the Theater of Dionysus are also situated on the hillside of a rocky hill. It is also possible to see at the foot of the remains of the ancient agora that lined the road to the Acropolis. It was here where all the civil life of the city took place, there were, in addition to the marketplace, also temples, courts and administrative buildings.
Directly below the Acropolis stands Hadrian's Arch, which separated the ancient Greek city called Théseovo from the then modern Roman buildings built by Emperor Hadrian. Not far from it we can find Olympeion, a temple built in the 6th century. BC It is the largest preserved Greek temple, which originally consisted of 104 Corinthian columns, but to date only fifteen have been preserved.
Also worth a visit is the local cemetery, where you can see the tomb of Heinrich Schliemann, a pioneer of archeology, whose greatest success in life was certainly the discovery of Troy and Mycenae. However, it was also closely linked with the sites in Athens. Here he and his wife were buried in a monumental mausoleum reminiscent of a Greek temple. The whole monument is decorated with friezes celebrating his personal and career achievements.
GPS: 37°58'17.7"N 23°43'37.3"E
Text: Barbara Nováková
Photos: Barbara Nováková, Wikimedia Commons: A.Savin, Berthold Werner, Peulle
Are you starting to plan where you will go on vacation when possible? And you don't just want to lie on the beach, but prefer an active holiday? Explore the Greek island of Corfu, a paradise for pedestrians and nature lovers. A two-hundred-kilometer-long trail awaits you into a landscape untouched by mass tourism, from the top of the highest mountain Pantokrator in the north, in the central part of the island through endlessly terraced hills of olive groves to sand dunes dotted with junipers and valleys full of oaks and chestnut trees in the south. island.
Wondering if you will end up heading out to sea? Would you like to fly to Crete? This island is so famous that we will not talk about it now. But while you're here, we know of a great day trip. That you don't want to walk around the sights in the awful heat? Be calm, this trip will absolutely captivate you. We set off to Chrissi Island.
Lefkada is said to be a pearl in the Ionian Sea and to have just the most beautiful beaches in all of Greece. The name Lefkada dates back to ancient Greece and was derived from the bright white cliffs at the southernmost tip of the island. And we will take a closer look at this gem together today.
Cosmopolitan Mykonos is an island in the Greek Cyclades archipelago in the Mediterranean. The world is known as the island of celebrities, creams and nightlife. Recently, however, it has come to the forefront of popularity and Czech travel agencies are beginning to offer it in their catalogs.
The island of Mykonos is not big, it has an area of only about 100 km². And so the ideal way to travel the whole island is to rent a scooter, motorbike or quad bike. In addition to a varied nightlife, Mykonos is famous for its rugged coastline with beautiful beaches and a very pleasant climate. Today we will go to explore some of its most famous beaches.
Beautiful nature, green olive groves and many famous beaches, that is Zakynthos. It is the southernmost and third largest island in the Ionian Sea. The symbol of this island is the beach with the wreck of a smuggling ship. But don't expect historical monuments like Rhodes or Crete.
Certainly the most picturesque and romantic place I have seen in Europe is the Greek island of Santorini. And that is one of the reasons why we returned here this year after nine years. I will not lie when I reveal that another important aspect of our revisit was very cheap tickets, of which there are more than enough on offer. The best weather is of course here in the season, but even now it is a pleasant 18 degrees.
Thessaloniki or Thessaloniki is the 2nd largest Greek city after Athens. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988, and to this day you can see and visit many buildings from the early Christian period and the Byzantine Empire. Due to its location, the city was of strategic importance in the past and is still very popular with tourists.
We end our journey across Greece on Skiathos, an island in the Aegean sea. It makes the Sporady archipelago together with the neighboring islands of Skopelos and Alonissos. If you like Mama Mia musical, this is a total must for you.
Santorini (Thira in Greek language) is a relatively small part of the Cyclades archipelago, with a width of only 6 km and a length of just over 25 km. Its area, however, strongly balances the geographical and geological location of the island and its rich history. Situated 220 km from Athens and 110 km from Crete, Thira has always been an important and often necessary stop on the route between these major shopping centers. As a result, traces of the largest Minoan settlement outside Crete have been preserved on the island.
We stay in the sunny country of Greece also this week. Today, we visit the most popular summer resort on the Olympic riviera – the town of Paralia. This sea resort is about 8 kilometers away from the capital of Pieria prefecture. Paralia is a great place to relax at and have fun.
Upon our visit to Litochoro, we moved several kilometers on. Our next stop was a typical Greek village with amazing nature, interesting architecture and amazing vistas.
The green island of Thassos is situated in Eastern Macedonia. It is green because mountain peaks are covered by pine and olive groves. Its rocky shores are washed by the tranquil Aegean Sea. You will not find any airport or industrial zone. That makes the air here great. Thanks to the marble subsoil, one of the best marbles in the world is mined here.
An island with a history dating back to the early Stone Age was only discovered in the 1970s-80s. Today, it is a popular holiday destination not only for the mainland, Romanians, Bulgarians and the inhabitants of the former Yugoslavia, who are almost overwater here, but Thassos is stuck in the viewfinder to tourists beyond the borders of Europe. The most popular places include southern Limenaria and Potos.
This time we decided to set off to explore towns and cities in Greece. Litochoro was one of our first stops. This "stone town" is situated close to the Olympic Mountains.
This gem of Ionian Islands. It is known not only for beautiful beaches but also for its charming Greek countryside. You can enjoy it to the fullest on the island. Lefkada is situated south of Corfu and north of Cephalonia.
Corfu (Kerkyra in Greek) is one of the smaller islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Most tourists come here with a clear destination - relax on the beach, gyros and tzatziki, ouzo and maybe one or two trips to the most interesting sights. This 60 km long island with a long and interesting history can offer much more.
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