Greece, Island of Rhodos: Lindos – The Temple of Athena
One of the most attractive places on Rhodos east coast is Lindos, a city built in the rock. It has a acropolis and the temple of Athena of Lindos. The knights of the order of Saint John built the greatest local landmark.
The castle town is a maze of winding streets paved with pebbles. Merchants and shipowners made the the original seafaring village to flourish until it became a city. The first seafaring law that people in Lindos released had become a staple of Roman maritime law and is also included in modern maritime law. Today Lindos is a tourist attraction. It is obvious everywhere. The smallest window, door or niche offering souvenirs and ceramic painted plates with ornaments. Larger sites are occupied by pubs, usually located on terraces or flat roofs of houses. There is no space to spare. The strength ascends a staircase, after which crowds of tourists mingle with donkeys who carry on their shoulders the less experienced hikers. You do not have to travel to the destination in organized manner. Lindos is accessible by local transport, for instance, from the capital of Rhodos it is just 56 kilometers away, an hour by bus.
According to Homer, Lindos was founded by the Dorians in the 12th century. It had the strongest military on Rhodos. It had two marinas, several colonies (Naples, Sicily), a large part of the trade, shipping and impregnable Acropolis (a stronghold on the 160 m high rock). In the time of the Byzantine Empire time was the Acropolis, which was rebuilt and heavily fortified by the knights Hospitaller. When the knights departed from the island, the fortress used by the Turks.
The walls of Acropolis built during the reign of the knights dominated the top of the triangular rock. The old city walls were much lower and did not protect the buildings within. The three platforms are preserved as warehouses, meeting rooms, a relief ship of Alexander the Great, many pedestals for sculptures and inscriptions, or coat of arms of the Grand Master d'Aubusson above the entrance gate to the castle. The third platform is great Hellenistic stoa (a pillared hall) in the "U" shape (built in the 3rd century B.C.). The legend says that this shows the shape of the open arms welcoming pilgrims. It is 87 meters long and along the facade there are 42 Doric columns. At the top is a reconstructed temple of Athena of Lindos . According to a legend, it was founded in Mycenaean times by Heliadas (direct descendants of the sun god Helios).
The temple, the ruins of which you see today was built in the first half of the 4th century B.C. on the ruins of an older temple. In the central area of once stood a statue of Athena made of marble, wood, gold and ivory. During the reign of Emperor Theodosius II the statue was taken to Constantinople and later destroyed along with other precious treasures.
At the top there is a beautiful view of the beaches and quiet harbor under a rock, which bears the name of the Apostle Paul. Right from the port is frequented by tourists with well-preserved ancient theater seats and west of the Acropolis at hill Krana there is an ancient cemetery with preserved funerary architecture.
Text and photo: Monika Babická
Santorini (Thira in Greek language) is a relatively small part of the Cyclades archipelago, with a width of only 6 km and a length of just over 25 km. Its area, however, strongly balances the geographical and geological location of the island and its rich history. Situated 220 km from Athens and 110 km from Crete, Thira has always been an important and often necessary stop on the route between these major shopping centers. As a result, traces of the largest Minoan settlement outside Crete have been preserved on the island.
Last Friday, we visited an underground museum that is, honestly, not very interesting except for being underground. Today, our trip goes to other, more interesting museums.
We return to Greece again to see another less known place. Well, more or less...
The title suggests that Crete is island of several great tourist attractions. People who love culture, those who love history and nature or just laying on a beach will all enjoy a stay here. The history of Crete is, however, very colorful. Therefore, it would be a pity to spend your vacation just being lazy on a beach.
The longest European gorge of Samaria was another point of interest. The Samaria is located in Crete’s western half. The gorge is in the middle of the White Mountains (in Greek Lefka Ori). The gorge became a national park in 1962 when the inhabitants of Samaria village was displaced. It was situated in the middle of the gorge. Also, the gorge is a world biosphere reserve.
On this day, we planned to make a short trip to the Lefka Ori mountains. Bad weather prevented us from going there. Therefore, we decided to travel to Moni Preveli monastery instead.
The next day’s morning we woke up while it was still being dark. Because we spent the night at a cottage, we quickly packed our things. At 6 o’clock we were already heading to Kato Zakros, another important Minoan palace. Unfortunately, the weather was not good. It rained all day. Yet this was no thing that would make us to loose our spirits. At around 8 o’clock we reached our destination. The information in the book guide said it the opening hours start at 8. However, right there we found out it would be at 10. Two hours of additional time meant we made use of them and walked along the coastline.
This time we decided to set off to explore towns and cities in Greece. Litochoro was one of our first stops. This "stone town" is situated close to the Olympic Mountains.
Upon our visit to Litochoro, we moved several kilometers on. Our next stop was a typical Greek village with amazing nature, interesting architecture and amazing vistas.
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An island with a history dating back to the early Stone Age was only discovered in the 1970s-80s. Today, it is a popular holiday destination not only for the mainland, Romanians, Bulgarians and the inhabitants of the former Yugoslavia, who are almost overwater here, but Thassos is stuck in the viewfinder to tourists beyond the borders of Europe. The most popular places include southern Limenaria and Potos.
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Today we visit Greece's forgotten corner.
The city with cultural traditions, with known rhetorical school (attended by Cicero and Caesar) and the famous sculptural school. Ever since its foundation (408 BC) the capital of the island is Rhodos, lies in whose northern tip.
After several articles on London we jump across Europe to the Mediterranean, actually to the east part of the sea. Today we will have a taste of sun after rains of London, and warm waters of the Sea of Crete.
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Last look at Agios Nikolaos and a trip to Spinalonga.
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Based on Hippocrates the present Hippocratic oath was formed. Right in a shop I buy a papyrus with full oath in Czech!
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There was a large testing staircase in the center of Asklepion. To ensure good reputation of the hospital, the patients were supposed to walk up the stairs to the sanctuary without any help. If some died, they removed his body quietly in the night so nobody would see it...
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