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Israel, Masada Fortress – The Symbol of Determination and Freedom

Published: 20.1.2020
This ancient fortress lies only about 3 kilometers from the southern end of the Dead Sea, on the edge of the Judean Desert. During the 1st century BC, it was built by Herod the Great. Already at the time of its construction, this place had an important strategic location. Masada is located at an altitude of 30 meters, although it is built on a 450 meters high cliff. How is it possible? Simply put - the Dead Sea lies about 430 meters below the level of the Mediterranean Sea.

You can also climb the Snake Path to the top of the mountain, but due to the local climate and high temperatures, it is rather a trail for the brave. If you want to save yourself the strength of the tour of the fortress, prefer to use the cable car, which takes you to the top in a moment. Here, in addition to the fortress itself, there is a beautiful view of the Dead Sea, the Judean Desert and the Moab Mountains in Jordan. However, you should hurry with the visit. At the time of the founding of the fortress, the Dead Sea reached the foot of the mountain. However, it has been shrinking rapidly in recent decades and cannot be prevented from drying out.

pohled na Masadu ze spodní stanice lanovky   cesta lanovkou nahoru, v pozadí Mrtvé moře

vstup do NP Masada   prohlídka Masady je v horkých dnech náročná   dochované římské sloupy

The wall had a circumference of 1290 meters, a height of 4-8 meters and a fortification depth of 1.4 meters. In this form she lived to her most famous event - the first Jewish uprising. In 66 AD, the Sikari, a member of the radical Jewish sect, were expelled by Roman soldiers. They managed to continue fighting in the Ein Gedi and Jerusalem. However, the Romans gradually gathered forces and the Sikari had to begin to retreat. At this time Masada experienced the greatest event in its history.

Masada se i přes neustálé boje na izraelském území poměrně dobře zachovala

dříve sahalo Mrtvé moře až těsně pod Masadu   nedaleko je vidět známý areál pro pořádání velkých koncertů

areál je velmi dobře řešen pro pohodlné poznávání

But whether mass suicide went exactly like this will no one know. Today's archaeological findings do not fully confirm this. Yet Masada remains a symbol of the Jewish struggle for freedom. Today's Israel presents it as a symbol of determination and bravery. And at the top of the mountain, we can still admire the remains of walls or murals and the mosaic floor in Herod's Palace.

GPS: 31°18'42.9"N 35°21'46.4"E


Text and photos: Jana Hejlová

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