en.infoglobe.cz » Italy, Milan – Duomo

Italy, Milan – Duomo

Published: 18.7.2018
Milan is a city of religious history, as evidenced by the number of saints who have been here during their lives. But its greatest pride is undoubtedly the city center with the cathedral. Il Duomo di Milano can be found on all the pictures of the city, so when you visit Milan you shloud not miss this architectural gem. In the following lines we will go through not only her interior, but we will also visit the roof.

Day-and-night, Piazza del Duomo is always busy. Here it is crowded with street vendors and pigeons. It is the center of Milan. If you accidentally push your hand and somebody puts your corn in your hand, pigeons gather around you. This way you can pass through the square, around the equestrian statue of King Vittorio Emanuele II in the middle of the square to the entrance to the fifth largest cathedral of the world - the Duomo di Milano.

Duomo di Milano

The temple dedicated to the Birth of the Virgin Mary is the seat of the Archbishop. Originally at this place called the Mediolanum, a basilica, which together with the adjacent basilica (836) were destroyed by fire (1075), stood there at the beginning of the 5th century. The construction of the new dome began in 1386 and the Gothic cathedral was built for nearly 600 years. In 1805 on Napoleon's order the unfinished construction was nearly finished. Napoleon was crowned here the king of Italy. Construction works continued well into the 20th century and in 1965 the last gate of the cathedral was inaugurated. The temple of bricks and pink marble from the quarries in Candoglium is 157 m long, 92 m wide and can contain up to 40,000 people.

Duomo di Milano – rooftop view

If you want to visit the Dome, think about it in the morning when you dress up, so the police officer does not return you from the entrance, which is commonplace here. You will not get inside, as in other temples in Italy until you have tossed bare feet and shoulders. So putting a delicate scarf in a bag will pay off in this case. And this also applies to gentlemen, the trousers must reach below the knees. Only then will you leave between the 50 pillars of the five-nave cathedral with the largest collection of marble sculptures. In the interior are the coats of the Visconti family, gravestones, statues, etc. In the crypt there is a jewelry with gold, silver and art pieces of early Christianity and Romanesque period. There is buried the reformer Carlo Borromeo.

Below there is the baptistery - Battistero Paleocristiano, the ruins of an early Christian octagonal baptistery of the 4th century. Here St. Ambrož baptized St. Augustina. This part, where are also the remains of the temple of St. Tekes, you have to pay the entrance fee. Tickets can be purchased for different types of tours.

Duomo di Milano – interiér

When looking at the main altar, pay attention to the small red bulb in the dome above the apse. It indicates where one of the nails is from the crucifixion of Christ. Exposed to the public is, during the Nivola celebration, part of the Ambrosiano ceremony. The tradition of celebrations dates back to the 16th century and Nivola (Nuvola in Milan) which translates as a cloud. An elevator in the form of a 3-meter-long, cloudy-shaped basket is used in the ceremony for prirests to reach the nail, which is placed in the cross and carried down. Today, it is a mechanized way, but in the 16th century, when Leonardo da Vinci's designs came into being, he was controlled by 20 men from the roof. The tradition was founded by St Carlo Borromeo on the day of the discovery of the Cross on May 3, but the date was changed to September 14th. In November and December, around the birthday of Carlo Borromeo, along the ship they exhibit a series of large canvases - Quadroni.

Piazza del Duomo

The organ is placed against the altar above the entrance. The instrument was built on Mussolini's order and it is one of the largest in Italy. In the front of the former mausoleum there is a statue of a man who has overturned his withdrawn skin. It is the most famous work of the cathedral - the statue of St. Bartholomew from Marc D'Agrate. He fully knows the human body, which is reflected in the sophisticated muscles, blood vessels and bones, thus giving us a morbid, naturalistic picture of the detail of the work of a 16th century sculptor.

Proti oltáři nad vstupem jsou situovány varhany, které byly postaveny na příkaz Mussoliniho a patří mezi největší v Itálii. V přední části bývalého mauzolea stojí socha muže, který má přes sebe přehozenou svou staženou kůži. Je to nejznámější dílo katedrály – socha sv. Bartoloměje od Marca D'Agrate. Dokonale znal lidské tělo, což se odráží v propracovaných svalech, cévách a kostech, a tak nám nabízí morbidní, naturalistický obraz detailní práce sochaře 16. století.

Duomo di Milano – rooftop vista

A unique experience is visiting the roof of the dome. You pay entrance fee, if you are not afraid of the stairs, it will cost you less than a lift. From the shadow of the narrow spiral staircase, you go to the promenade between the temple ribs decorated with Gothic architectural elements. You will find yourself in a tangle of Gothic purple and sculpture. A few steep marble steps to the top and an impressive view of Milan opens before you. Ideally, you can see the Alps. It's something wonderful. For a few days, it would not be enough to explore the details of this building, there are the reliefs of birds, animals, fruits or plants enthralled in a stone lace.

Duomo di Milano – vista on the roof

The best part of the entire building is the highest tower of the temple (108.5 m) dominated by the statue of the Madonna - Madonnina which is the symbol of the city. The tower was designed by Francesco Croce (1762) and the polychrome statue of Madonna was designed by Giuseppe Perego (1774). Traditionally, no building in Milan was higher than Madonnina. Good weather is considered to be when Madonnina could be seen from distance as usual she is veiled in fog.

When Gio Ponti and Pier Luigi Nervi built a 31-story (127.1 m) building, the Pirelli skyscraper (1956-1958, another symbol of the city), he placed a small replica of Madonnina. After 2010, the highest point was Palazzo Lombardia (161 m), and another replica of Madonna was set there to remain the highest point of the city. The song "O mia bela Madunina" by Giovanni d'Anzi about the gold statue of Madonna in the tower is considered an unofficial anthem of Milan. On the roof of the dome is also the scene from the film Rocco and his brothers (1960).

Duomo di Milano

The beauty of this cathedral was expressed by American writer Mark Twain who said, "It's a wonder. So grandiose, so festive, so enormous. And at the same time, so subtle, airy, graceful. It is the personification of weight and at the same time as a drawing that can cause you goosebumps. "He was right, but I still feel that no words can convey its spell, it can only be experienced And finally one advice for those who fear the heights. It pays off for a moment to overcome your fear.


GPS:  45°27'51.0"N 9°11'25.2"E

Text and photos: Mgr. Anna Nociarová

Edited by: Infoglobe

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Italy: Cremona – Rest and Enjoy Specialities in this Town
Published: 30.9.2022
Cremona is the place to nourish all your senses. We have seen and touched beautiful architectural jewels, listened to irresistible sounds of violin, and it is time to reward our taste buds. In the city, you do not just feel the scent of wood and see the colors of the violin workshops, but you can also smell the goodies they prepare in local taverns.

Italy: Grazzano Visconti I – History of One Unusual Place
Published: 24.10.2018
Italy offers many architectural gems that will take you to different periods of history - from antiquity to the present. Have you heard of a small town that looks like it was from the Middle Ages?

Italy: Salsomaggiore Terme II. – Bath Town at the Foothills of the Apenines
Published: 16.12.2022
Italy is, among other things, the ideal destination for health tourism. The local spas are not just hot springs, they will always offer something extra, whether cultural activities or beautiful surroundings. Let's have a look around.

Italy, Modena I. - The History of the City
Published: 23.1.2019
Italy is a country of rising hills and plains with beautiful scenery of its historic sites. This time we will take you to the scenic lowlands of the Emilia-Romagna region, through which runs the River of Po. We will visit the famous city of Modena, which is also known for the impressive voices of its natives Luciano Pavarotti and Mirell Freno.

Italy: Modena II – Heart of the City
Published: 30.1.2019
Modena is now known as the industrial heart of Italy, but it does not shrink its beauty. This historic city - the seat of a bishop, university, production of balsamic vinegar and wine - attracts all visitors. We head straight to the square with the cathedral, which has been listed on UNESCO World Heritage since 1997.

Italy: Modena III – Ferrari Museum
Published: 6.2.2019
The town of bel-canta (beautiful singing), music and theater is not only for art lovers, but also for those who love the black horses under the hood. Since the end of the 19th century, Modena has been known as the center of mechanical engineering and subsequent production of well-known brands - Ferrari, De Tomaso, Pagani and Maserati. In the following lines, we invite you to visit the Museo Enzo Ferrari.

Italy, Parma I – The History of the Town
Published: 31.3.2019
The most famous Italian city of Emilia-Romagna region, the name of which we associate with the delicious tastes of ham or cheese. This town will offer you not only gastronomic experiences. Before we taste the delicacies of this area, we will bite into exploring the rich history and monuments of Parma.

Italy, Parma III – Gems of Art in Historic Center
Published: 14.4.2019
Italy is a country where we can admire many churches from different periods. Parma itself has over sixty. The city offers visitors an architectural and gourmet experience, which certainly cannot do without visiting a church. The sacral buildings attract not only their spiritual atmosphere, but also their art. Come with us to visit a few of them and learn what art jewels are hiding under their vaults.

Italy, Calabria – Tranquility In the Corner of the Italian Boot
Published: 21.7.2022
Sometimes I get the impression that this part of Italy is a bit forgotten, and yet it is so beautiful. Calabria is located in the south of the Apennine Peninsula and is known mainly for its long beaches, beautiful landscape, national parks, nature and great cuisine.

Italy: Cremona – The City of Violins
Published: 15.9.2022
Who loves music must know this city. Today, we are going tp Cremona, the town famous for violins. We will visit several monuments and introduce some personalities, including the famous poet Vergilius who studied here.

Italy: Cremona – Sights in Historic Center
Published: 23.9.2022
When you happen to visit the Italian region of Lombardy, you must definitely visit Milan. However this region also hides other places and towns that are worth a visit. We went to the city with the highest medieval tower in Italy. Come with us to the historic center of the picturesque and serene town of Cremona.

Italy: Piacenza II – Amazing Sacral Structures
Published: 12.9.2018
In the lines to follow, we look at some of the most important churches of Piacenza that provide space for silent contemplation, a view of beautiful artworks and a shelter from hot sunshine. Historic palaces at the same time represent the wealth and glory of the city, as well as its exceptional spirit.

Italy, Milan – Parco Sempione and Castello Sforzesco
Published: 11.7.2018
Not only the busy fashion streets are present in the city, but also the space to relax in the shade of the city parks will offer its visitors Milan. Of a number of parks, do not miss at least the city center. And this is not only because Castello Sforzesco Castle is located here.

Italy, Milan – Center of Fashion and Design
Published: 25.6.2021
The city of fashion and design, finance, sports and nightlife. This is what attracts many to Milan. And once you get to this city even though your primary destination were landmarks, you can not miss out on this side, which makes it the richest city in the country.

Italy, Le Roncole – Following Verdi
Published: 16.5.2018
Italy offers many interesting sights to admire. People love the country for fashion, nature, cuisine, and art as well. Yet this country is also home to great music. Today we visit the small village of Le Roncole. One of world's most famous music composers – Giuseppe Verdi was born in this very village.

Italy, Milan – Known and Less Known
Published: 20.6.2018
Milan is one of those cities where you can spend a few days and still discover something new. Since the time of the Celts, the city has developed into a modern economic center of Italy. In its tangled streets, overcrowded with cars you occasionally find some interesting sight which maybe is not one of the top attractions of Milan, but as we we are there already, why not and make a stop for a while.

Italy, Milan – Following Traces of Verdi: The Place of His Eternal Rest
Published: 6.6.2018
Milan is the second largest city in Italy and is known as the capital of fashion, sports, art, and business. We come here to complete our story about one of the most famous music composers ever - Giuseppe Verdi.

Italy, Milano – In Verdi's Footsteps: The Temple of Music La Scala
Published: 13.6.2018
When you visit Italy, you have to taste some of the local delicious cuisine. But as food art also is an integral part of the soul of this country. Italians live with music, and the visit to the Apennine Peninsula can‘t not go without a seeing musical performance. And what is more than the world-famous La Scala opera house?

Italy, Brescia – Interesting City Half the Way Between Milano and Venice
Published: 23.2.2018
Brescia is Italy's hidden gem. It is easy to miss as there many towns, cities, and other places around which are promoted by tourist book guides. Milano, Gardo and Como lakes are only some of many. Yet there is a lot to see in Brescia actually. Moreover, the city sits on former important Roman trade route.

Italy, Busseto – Following the Traces of Verdi
Published: 23.5.2018
Setting out from the birthplace of the famous music composer Giuseppe Verdi - Le Roncole - we go to the town Busseto, mere kilometers away. It played an important role not only in the musical but also personal life of the famous composer.

Italy, Following Verdi – Busseto and Sant'Agata
Published: 30.5.2018
We haven't left Busseto yet. We moved from its center to the outskirts of the city and to Sant'Agata three miles away. There is a farmhouse where fill the missing pieces of our knowledge of Verdi's life.

Related Photogallery

Italy: Magical Towns and Townships
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Ancient Beauty – Rome
Join us in our visit to the heart of Italy and enjoy all its amazing architectonic pieces. Unfort...

Italy - the Island of Ischia
Water treatment in nature of a green island. This is why thousands of turists come here. Sometime...

Italy: Venice - Colorful Carnival
Carnevale di Venezia or The Venetian Carnivalattracts large numbers of tourists to Venice every s...

Italy, Sicily: Agrigento I.
A walk in Agrigento (approx. 50 thousand inhabitans) means to be lost in hilly lab...

Italy, Sicily: Valle dei Templi II.
Explore with us once again the mighty ruins of ancient city of Akragas. Text/photo: Maxim Kucer

Italy: Pompeii
Welcome to Pompeii, a city that was the pride of the Roman Empire and finished by natural disaste...

Italia: Fall In Dolomiten Mountains
The persons who just discovered Dolomiten and Alta Badia Region, know that, except excellent cond...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:saturday 4. 2. 2023
saturday 4.2.
-1 °C
sunday 5.2.
-3 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.