en.infoglobe.cz » Italy, Parma I – The History of the Town

Italy, Parma I – The History of the Town

Published: 31.3.2019
The most famous Italian city of Emilia-Romagna region, the name of which we associate with the delicious tastes of ham or cheese. This town will offer you not only gastronomic experiences. Before we taste the delicacies of this area, we will bite into exploring the rich history and monuments of Parma.

This time we went to the area between the Apennine Mountains and the Po Valley to learn the history and the sights of Parma, a town at 55 meters above the sea level. Every visitor is certainly tempted to taste the delicacies of this area, but our first steps will suck up a unique urban atmosphere.

San Pietro Apostolo (Parma)

The first settlement here was in the Bronze Age and the town was probably founded and named Etruscans (parma = circular shield). We cross the river of the same name, which is a tributary of the Po river, and we are in the middle of the bustling historic center. Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi is situated on the site of the former Roman Colony Forum (183 BC). We know from history that after the Romans, the city was later ruled by Attila and later by the barbaric king Odoacer. During the Roman-Gothic wars, King Totila destroyed him, making Parma part of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna as Chrysopolis "Golden City" due to the presence of the imperial treasury.

řeka Parma a okolní zástavba

Parma soon became an important point on the Via Francigena, the main road connecting Rome with northern Europe. Like most Northern Italian cities, it became part of the Holy Roman Empire, Charles the Great, then was influenced by various noble families (Farnese, Bourbon) and the French. So we get to the figure depicted by the statue in the middle of the square. It is none other than Giuseppe Garibaldi, whose efforts to consolidate Italy have incorporated Parma into a unified Italian kingdom.

Palazzo del Governatore, Piazza Garibaldi (Parma)

Behind the statue of this Italian national hero is the Palazzo del Governatore. This historic Baroque and Neoclassical palace is a space for exhibitions of modern and contemporary art. It was originally built on older houses such as Palazzo dei Mercanti. After the fall of his tower in 1606, a reconstruction was carried out, which added a new tower (1673), a niche with a statue of the Virgin and a large sundial (1829).

Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi (Parma)

Behind the busy road on the other side of the square is the Town Hall - the Palazzo del Comune (17th century) and the Palazzo del Podestà, where the city's information center is located. Opposite the palace is the Church of San Pietro Apostolo (18th century).

Palazzo del Comune a Palazzo del Podesta, Piazza Garibaldi (Parma)

Next to the Palazzo del Governator we move to the small Piazzale della Steccata square with a statue depicting the Italian painter and engraver Parmigianino, who was born here and worked here, just like another important painter of that time - Correggio. The works of both authors are decorated with, among others, local temples.

socha Parmigianina (Parma)

Parma is also known for other personalities - Clement III, Spanish Queen and wife of Philip V - Elizabeth Parma, composer Ferdinando Paer, conductor Arturo Toscanini or director Bernardo Bertolucci.

From history, singing and laughing young students with laurel wreaths ripped us off. Parma is also a city with a vibrant student life, as evidenced by the Universita degli Studi di Parma, one of the oldest universities in the world. On March 13, 962, Emperor Otto I granted the Diploma to the Bishop of Parma. Initially, they devoted themselves only to the study of liberal arts, law and medicine. Throughout history, the school has been canceled several times for a long time and re-established. It currently has twelve faculties, including natural, technical and social sciences. The largest part of the faculties is located in a separate campus outside the city, but some faculties are located in the very center of Parma. If you go to the city at the end of the academic year, you can meet the processions of singing students on the streets, celebrating their university degree.

absolventi oslavují... (Parma)

Parma is also known for its industry. In addition to wine, ham and cheese she became famous for the production of silk. We watch fashion and food expenses at Strada Cavour. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has also been based here since 2002. There are also many restaurants serving typical Parma specialties in the form of pasta tortelli d'erbetta and anolini brodo.

We are slowly leaving food and expenses to sink into the city's sights, many of which have disappeared during repeated bombing during World War II (1944). But we'll talk more in a week.

GPS: 44°48'05.8"N 10°19'41.2"E

 

Text and photos: Anna Nociarová

Edited by: Infoglobe



Discussion at the article (0)


Related Articles

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni  II – Visiting a Farm for Parmesan
Published: 12.5.2019
Are you fascinated by the history, culture, nature or gastronomy of the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna? So add a piece of travel knowledge puzzle to visit the farm where the famous Parmigiano Reggiano cheese begins and ends.

Italy, Parma II – Secular Sights in the Historic Center
Published: 7.4.2019
Almost every Italian city boasts an architecturally interesting monument. Parma is no exception. In the city, you can discover a private palace on any corner of one of the wealthy families here. However, today we are heading for the most visited secular monuments of secular architecture in the heart of the city.

Italy, Parma III – Gems of Art in Historic Center
Published: 14.4.2019
Italy is a country where we can admire many churches from different periods. Parma itself has over sixty. The city offers visitors an architectural and gourmet experience, which certainly cannot do without visiting a church. The sacral buildings attract not only their spiritual atmosphere, but also their art. Come with us to visit a few of them and learn what art jewels are hiding under their vaults.

Italy: Tasting Parma
Published: 21.4.2019
If you visit the Emilia-Romagna region or the area around Parma, you will certainly fall for the temptation lurking at you in the form of famous delicacies. Bite with us to delicious products. Enchanted by the beauties of Parma, we headed for one of the many farms that offers an experience not only for the eyes but also for the taste and smell of the senses.

Italy, Langhirano – Place Prosciutto di Parma is Made
Published: 28.4.2019
ertainly you know the world-famous dried Prosciutto di Parma ham. We bite into these thin slices and set out on a journey through the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. Our goal was to manufacture this specialty. Together, today, we look behind the scenes of prosciutto - the goodness that the world has fallen in love with.

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni I – The Emergence of the Famous Parmigiano Reggiano
Published: 5.5.2019
If you have not resisted the tastes of visiting Parma, do not miss a visit to the farm, where you will be introduced to the process of parmesan, which is an essential part of Italian gastronomy. We are now going to one of these farms near Lesignano de 'Bagni, also known for its thermal springs.

Italy, Amalfitana – To the Sun on the South of Italy I
Published: 19.1.2018
On this day we travel to Campania, Italy. Its mountainous landscape is situated in the south of the country and you will lvoe this region. The nature is amazing, history is rich, and food is addicting while everything is wrapped into the beautiful nature which is dotted with beautiful towns.

Italy, Arezzo – In the Heart of Tuscany
Published: 9.2.2018
Arezzo is located mere 80 kilometers south of Florence. Yet this one is a destination often overlooked by tourists.

Italy, Bolzano – Ötzi’s City I.
Published: 14.8.2015
Bolzano is a center of Tridentsko-Horní Adiže region. In four years, it will be centennial commemoration of the time when this once Austrian-Hungarian territory known s Deutschsüdtirol was annexed by Italy.

Italy, Cinque Terre – Visiting Quiant Towns
Published: 24.11.2017
Cinque Terre is national park and listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites. You will fall in love with this Italian region. There are not monumental landmarks of antiquity or Middle-Ages as you may see in Rome, Bologna or Pisa. Yet still local atmosphere is splendid. Cinque Terre is an area consisting of five beautiful towns (Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza, and Monterosso al Mare). Not long ago (in the 1960s), tourists almost didn't know about them. Even if they did, it would be very difficult to reach them, i.e. only by boat. Today, you may travel there by car but don't expect your ride to be an easy one.

Italy, Dolomites – How I Fell With Them I
Published: 13.9.2015
Last year, I met some great people who like to travel around the world. This time they were about to travel to Dolomites and they took me with...

Italy, Florence – The Cradle of Renaissance I
Published: 8.12.2017
Last week we introduced you the Renaissance town of Siena and mentioned Florence was its great competitor. To make a better idea of Florence (or Firenze if you will), we together hit its streets today.

Italy, Milan – Known and Less Known
Published: 20.6.2018
Milan is one of those cities where you can spend a few days and still discover something new. Since the time of the Celts, the city has developed into a modern economic center of Italy. In its tangled streets, overcrowded with cars you occasionally find some interesting sight which maybe is not one of the top attractions of Milan, but as we we are there already, why not and make a stop for a while.

Italy, Milan – Duomo
Published: 18.7.2018
Milan is a city of religious history, as evidenced by the number of saints who have been here during their lives. But its greatest pride is undoubtedly the city center with the cathedral. Il Duomo di Milano can be found on all the pictures of the city, so when you visit Milan you shloud not miss this architectural gem. In the following lines we will go through not only her interior, but we will also visit the roof.

Italy, Modena I. - The History of the City
Published: 23.1.2019
Italy is a country of rising hills and plains with beautiful scenery of its historic sites. This time we will take you to the scenic lowlands of the Emilia-Romagna region, through which runs the River of Po. We will visit the famous city of Modena, which is also known for the impressive voices of its natives Luciano Pavarotti and Mirell Freno.

Italy, Rome's Surroundings – Visit to Tivoli (Villa d'Este, Villa Adriana)
Published: 30.3.2017
We decided to leave Rome on Sunday for Tivoli, a town about 40 kilometers away. Formerly, this was a place where Rome's rich went to recreate because they had their summer residence there. Today, tourists are most intrigued to visit the magnificent Renaissance villa – Villa d'Este.

Italy, Parma – Delicious Place
Published: 6.7.2018
Do you like parma ham and parmesan cheese? Now you know that these two delicacies were born in the city of Parma. The nearly two-thousand-year-old town lies between the Apennines and the Padoa plain and is the capital of the north-Italian region of Emilia Romagna.

Italy, Padova – A City With a Medieval Feeling
Published: 28.3.2014
Today we visit ancient city of Padova and its medieval streets in northern Italy.

Italy, Le Roncole – Following Verdi
Published: 16.5.2018
Italy offers many interesting sights to admire. People love the country for fashion, nature, cuisine, and art as well. Yet this country is also home to great music. Today we visit the small village of Le Roncole. One of world's most famous music composers – Giuseppe Verdi was born in this very village.

Italy: Cremona – The City of Violins
Published: 26.9.2018
Who loves music must know this city. Today, we are going tp Cremona, the town famous for violins. We will visit several monuments and introduce some personalities, including the famous poet Vergilius who studied here.

Italy: Piacenza I – Historical Buildings and Palaces
Published: 5.9.2018
Even though the city is a commercial and industrial center now, the seat of the gas and oil refineries, and the World War II has hit its historcal heart, it still offers a number of beautiful historical monuments. In the following lines, we will look into its center and enjoy the local architectural gems.

Italy: Salsomaggiore Terme I – From a Small Village to Baths
Published: 11.11.2018
When during your travels you can combine pleasant with even more pleasant, so we will introduce you to the spa today. Between the many Italian spa towns where you can regenerate your soul and body, we chose Salsomaggiore Terme, located at the foot of the Apennines in the Emilia-Romagna region.


Related Photogallery

Italy: Charming Towns and Townships III
When you say Italy, everyone imagines fashion, art, music, beautiful landmarks, exceptional gastr...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townlets II
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townships
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy, Bibione – The Sea within Reach
In case you don't want to travel a long time and you love seaside atmosphere than Bibione, north ...

Italy: Venice – The City on Water
The capital of the region of Venetia in northern Italy is a place where tourists can get unforget...

Italy: Gargano peninsula in Alalia
Shores of the Gargano peninsula has up to 50-meter high limestone cliffs with caves and white bea...

Italy - the Island of Ischia
Water treatment in nature of a green island. This is why thousands of turists come here. Sometime...

Place

Czech republic

Partners:

We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017

 

Guide:

Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone

 

 

Today:thursday 19. 9. 2019
Holiday:Zita
Today:
thursday 19.9.
14 °C
Tomorrow:
friday 20.9.
14 °C