en.infoglobe.cz » Italy, Parma II – Secular Sights in the Historic Center

Italy, Parma II – Secular Sights in the Historic Center

Published: 7.4.2019
Almost every Italian city boasts an architecturally interesting monument. Parma is no exception. In the city, you can discover a private palace on any corner of one of the wealthy families here. However, today we are heading for the most visited secular monuments of secular architecture in the heart of the city.

We decided to visit only a few of the many monuments of secular character that stand in the city. From Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi and the Governor's Palace, we cross Via Garibaldi to the Theatro Regio di Parma (1821-1829, Nicola Bettoli). We stand in front of the austere neoclassical facade of the theater, which has long been regarded as Europe's largest and most beautiful theater building. The building was built by the wife of Napoleon, Duchess of Parma Maria Louisa of Habsburg-Lorraine, on the site of the former monastery of Sts. Alexandra.

Theatro Regio di Parma (Parma)

The theater, originally known as the Teatro Ducale, was opened on 16 May 1829 by the opera Zaira by Vincenzo Bellini. What we now have the opportunity to see is very different from the original appearance of the theater. Originally this building was designed for various types of theater performances, animal performances, gymnastics, scientific demonstrations or illusionism.

Gradually we approach the theater colonnade closer to peek into the foyer with two rows of Ionic columns. The staircase on the left leads to a small theater on the first floor, decorated with frescoes. The large salon called ridotto, which served the Duchess Maria Luis, was connected directly to the Ducal Palace. If someone is interested, for a fee they can see the spaces where small concerts are currently held. The ceiling is decorated with the characters of the greatest playwrights (Seneca, Goldoni, Alfieri, Euripides, Plautus, Aristophanes and Metastasio). Also interesting is the lighting, which is provided by a 1,100 kilogram weighing chandelier from Paris. The theater curtain is one of the few that has survived to this day. It depicts an allegory of wisdom with Minerva, surrounded by gods, fairies, poets and men. The model for Minerva was the Duchess Marie Luisa herself.

Palazzo della Pilotto

The theater is closely linked toGiuseppe Verdi, who has become an honorary citizen of the city, and after 2004, the annual Verdi Festival, which takes place in October, is also named. Another famous name is a native of Parma and conductor and that is of Arturo Toscanini.

Palazzo della Pilotto

We continue along the street and the large park area on Piazza della Pace, which closes the magnificent Renaissance Palazzo della Pilotta (1583) from the west. This empty space was created by aerial bombing during World War II, when the palace itself was damaged. Today, besides green planting, you can also see the guerrilla monument and the monument to Giuseppe Verdi.

We come closer to a complex of buildings built for Ottavio Farnese and walk through the arcade gallery that connected the two ducal palaces with the park. The name of the Pilot Palace comes from the pelota (a ball game played by Spanish soldiers in the yard). On the right side there was once a Dominican church of st. Peter, who destroyed the bombing. Nowadays, this complex covers many cultural institutions and is therefore one of the most visited monuments in the city.

Teatro Farnese, Palazzo della Pilotto

There is the National Archaeological Museum and the National Gallery of the Galleria Nazionale di Parma with works by renowned artists. The complex also boasts the oldest Italian typo museum, the Museo Bodoniano, which was opened in 1963 to mark the 150th anniversary of the death of the eminent printer Giambattista Bodoni.
The Academy of Fine Arts was established here in 1752 - the Scuola Lombarda private art school. Since 2011 it is called Liceo Artistico Statale Paolo Toschi. This school of art is named after the engraver and draftsman Paolo Toschi (1788-1854), a native of Parma. Another institution is the Biblioteca Palatina library, which was officially opened in May 1769 in the presence of the Austrian Emperor Joseph II.

Torre San Paolo

We are gradually moving to the theater Teatro Farnese (1618–1619, Giovani Battista Aleotti), which was commissioned by Prince Ranuccia I. due to the visit of Cosimo II. Medicejského. Due to his illness, the theater was inaugurated on December 21, 1628 with the play Mercury and Mars with the music of Claudio Monteverdi, on the occasion of the marriage of the duke's son Edward and daughter Cosima II. The performances of this theater were so expensive that they were used only for the next eight performances. The last one was during the visit of Charles III. Spanish in 1732. Even this part of the palace escaped the horrors of bombing. For a fee, you can also look into this wooden theater built in the middle of the palace. The spruce interior is decorated with stucco, which resembles marble. The semicircular auditorium consists of 14 floors for 3000 spectators.

Palazzo Vescovile

On Via Makedonio Melloni we head for Monumento ai Caduti. This war memorial dedicated to the fallen in all wars is set in the ancient tower of Torre San Paolo. There is also a Benedictine monastery of San Paolo (11th century) with precious frescoes, which today serves as a museum. Abbess Monastery ordered Alessandro Araldi and young Correggio to decorate. Araldi created the decoration of the St. Catherine (1514) in the style of grotesque (small decorative paintings or sculptures from plant, figural and fantastic motifs, inspired by mural paintings from ancient Pompeii and Rome). The fresco on the ceiling of the private abbot's salon - in the room of st. Paul was the first big order for Correggio. The ceiling was decorated with cherubs, plant motifs, and black and white mythological motifs.

A little further away is Piazza del Duomo, where the Bishop's Palace, Palazzo Vescovile (1045–1234), which houses the Bishop of Parma and the diocesan curia, stands opposite the cathedral. For now, we're over, but in a week we'll look further.

GPS: 44°48'17.6"N 10°19'35.4"E


Text and photos: Anna Nociarová

Edited by: Infoglobe

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Italy, Le Roncole – Following Verdi
Published: 16.5.2018
Italy offers many interesting sights to admire. People love the country for fashion, nature, cuisine, and art as well. Yet this country is also home to great music. Today we visit the small village of Le Roncole. One of world's most famous music composers – Giuseppe Verdi was born in this very village.

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni I – The Emergence of the Famous Parmigiano Reggiano
Published: 5.5.2019
If you have not resisted the tastes of visiting Parma, do not miss a visit to the farm, where you will be introduced to the process of parmesan, which is an essential part of Italian gastronomy. We are now going to one of these farms near Lesignano de 'Bagni, also known for its thermal springs.

Italy, Langhirano – Place Prosciutto di Parma is Made
Published: 28.4.2019
ertainly you know the world-famous dried Prosciutto di Parma ham. We bite into these thin slices and set out on a journey through the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. Our goal was to manufacture this specialty. Together, today, we look behind the scenes of prosciutto - the goodness that the world has fallen in love with.

Italy: Tasting Parma
Published: 21.4.2019
If you visit the Emilia-Romagna region or the area around Parma, you will certainly fall for the temptation lurking at you in the form of famous delicacies. Bite with us to delicious products. Enchanted by the beauties of Parma, we headed for one of the many farms that offers an experience not only for the eyes but also for the taste and smell of the senses.

Italy, Parma III – Gems of Art in Historic Center
Published: 14.4.2019
Italy is a country where we can admire many churches from different periods. Parma itself has over sixty. The city offers visitors an architectural and gourmet experience, which certainly cannot do without visiting a church. The sacral buildings attract not only their spiritual atmosphere, but also their art. Come with us to visit a few of them and learn what art jewels are hiding under their vaults.

Italy, Parma I – The History of the Town
Published: 31.3.2019
The most famous Italian city of Emilia-Romagna region, the name of which we associate with the delicious tastes of ham or cheese. This town will offer you not only gastronomic experiences. Before we taste the delicacies of this area, we will bite into exploring the rich history and monuments of Parma.

Italy: Montecatini Terme I. – Healing Force Springing out From the Earth
Published: 30.12.2022
After not such a long time we invite you again for a walk in the Italian spa town. This time we move to Tuscany, more precisely to its largest and most famous baths town, which has been visited by many prominent personalities. Luxus, relax and escape from everyday routine and duties can also be enjoyed by visiting the renowned Montecatini Terme Spa.

Italy: Salsomaggiore Terme I. – From a Small Village to Baths
Published: 9.12.2022
When during your travels you can combine pleasant with even more pleasant, so we will introduce you to the spa today. Between the many Italian spa towns where you can regenerate your soul and body, we chose Salsomaggiore Terme, located at the foot of the Apennines in the Emilia-Romagna region.

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni  II – Visiting a Farm for Parmesan
Published: 12.5.2019
Are you fascinated by the history, culture, nature or gastronomy of the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna? So add a piece of travel knowledge puzzle to visit the farm where the famous Parmigiano Reggiano cheese begins and ends.

Italy, Parma – Delicious Place
Published: 6.7.2018
Do you like parma ham and parmesan cheese? Now you know that these two delicacies were born in the city of Parma. The nearly two-thousand-year-old town lies between the Apennines and the Padoa plain and is the capital of the north-Italian region of Emilia Romagna.

Italy, Busseto – Following the Traces of Verdi
Published: 23.5.2018
Setting out from the birthplace of the famous music composer Giuseppe Verdi - Le Roncole - we go to the town Busseto, mere kilometers away. It played an important role not only in the musical but also personal life of the famous composer.

Italy, Following Verdi – Busseto and Sant'Agata
Published: 30.5.2018
We haven't left Busseto yet. We moved from its center to the outskirts of the city and to Sant'Agata three miles away. There is a farmhouse where fill the missing pieces of our knowledge of Verdi's life.

Italy, Milan – Following Traces of Verdi: The Place of His Eternal Rest
Published: 6.6.2018
Milan is the second largest city in Italy and is known as the capital of fashion, sports, art, and business. We come here to complete our story about one of the most famous music composers ever - Giuseppe Verdi.

Italy, Milano – In Verdi's Footsteps: The Temple of Music La Scala
Published: 13.6.2018
When you visit Italy, you have to taste some of the local delicious cuisine. But as food art also is an integral part of the soul of this country. Italians live with music, and the visit to the Apennine Peninsula can‘t not go without a seeing musical performance. And what is more than the world-famous La Scala opera house?

Italy: Piacenza I – Historical Buildings and Palaces
Published: 5.9.2018
Even though the city is a commercial and industrial center now, the seat of the gas and oil refineries, and the World War II has hit its historcal heart, it still offers a number of beautiful historical monuments. In the following lines, we will look into its center and enjoy the local architectural gems.

Italy: Piacenza II – Amazing Sacral Structures
Published: 12.9.2018
In the lines to follow, we look at some of the most important churches of Piacenza that provide space for silent contemplation, a view of beautiful artworks and a shelter from hot sunshine. Historic palaces at the same time represent the wealth and glory of the city, as well as its exceptional spirit.

Related Photogallery

Italy: Charming Towns and Townships III
When you say Italy, everyone imagines fashion, art, music, beautiful landmarks, exceptional gastr...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townlets II
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townships
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy, Bibione – The Sea within Reach
In case you don't want to travel a long time and you love seaside atmosphere than Bibione, north ...

Italy: Gargano peninsula in Alalia
Shores of the Gargano peninsula has up to 50-meter high limestone cliffs with caves and white bea...

Italy: Venice - Colorful Carnival
Carnevale di Venezia or The Venetian Carnivalattracts large numbers of tourists to Venice every s...

Italy, Sicily: Valle dei Templi I.
Valle dei Templi is only a mere shadow of the then monumental Greek complex which was a pride of ...

Italy: Pompeii
Welcome to Pompeii, a city that was the pride of the Roman Empire and finished by natural disaste...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 28. 3. 2023
tuesday 28.3.
0 °C
wednesday 29.3.
-1 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.