en.infoglobe.cz » Italy, Parma III – Gems of Art in Historic Center

Italy, Parma III – Gems of Art in Historic Center

Published: 14.4.2019
Italy is a country where we can admire many churches from different periods. Parma itself has over sixty. The city offers visitors an architectural and gourmet experience, which certainly cannot do without visiting a church. The sacral buildings attract not only their spiritual atmosphere, but also their art. Come with us to visit a few of them and learn what art jewels are hiding under their vaults.

Walking through the most famous city of Emilia-Romagna, we visited Piazza del Duomo. As it approaches noon, the time when most of the churches in Italy close, we head straight for the cathedral in Lombard-Romanesque style.

Duomo (Parma)

The Santa Maria Assunta church was built in 1074 after a fire that destroyed an early Christian basilica from the 6th century. In the year 1117, the temple was damaged by an earthquake. The original building thus remained the presbytery, the transverse ship, the choir, the apse and fragments of the statues.

Particularly among the sculptures and reliefs in the temple, focus on the paintings that decorate the entire interior so that you will not miss the masterpiece of illusion from Antonio da Correggio. The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (16th century) in the temple dome is approximately 650 m² in size and stands out for its perspective. This unmistakable work of the famous Renaissance painter draws your gaze high among the clouds and the splintering of human bodies into the shining light of eternity.

interiér Duomo (Parma)

Other sights include the fresco cycle along the entire central ship by Lattanzio Gambara (1567–1573). The cycle records the life of Christ and episodes of the Old Testament. The right and left walls are decorated with episodes from the New Testament, above them are scenes from the Gospel, and the lunettes are allegorical figures. The apse is dominated by a fresco depicting Christ ascending to the heavens by Gerolam Mazzola Bedoli. There is also a crypt with two Renaissance chapels - the Rusconi Chapel and the Ravacaldi Chapel.

Nanebevzetí Panny Marie, Duomo (Parma)

Returning to the square, you can admire the façade of the temple decorated with three pillared loggias and three portals. The entrance to the cathedral through the central portal is guarded by two marble lions (1281, Giambono da Bissone). One is red and the other is white. The wooden carved door is the work of Luchin Bianchini (1494). The tomb of Biagi Pelacani (1416) is located on the facade between the central and right doors. Up to 63 meters high Gothic bell tower with six bells towering to the right of the temple was added in the years 1284–1294 as a successor to the original tower.

Baptisterio (Parma)

A little bit further, there is the octagonal baptistery Battistero di Parma (Benedetto Antel, 1196–1216), one of the most important medieval monuments in Europe, also thanks to its interior fresco decoration (13th and 14th centuries). The most prominent is the painted arched ceiling with sixteen ribs. The vault is divided into six horizontal bands. The first shows the episodes of Abraham's life, the second life of John the Baptist, the third of Christ with the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist, surrounded by prophets and kings, the fourth life of the apostles and evangelists, the fifth heavenly Jerusalem with stars, and the sixth the sky is shown in red color of love.

Three portals lead to the baptismal font of pink veron marble and four loggias: the Virgin Mary portal, the Savior portal, and the Baptist portal. You can check out the building for a fee.

kostel sv. Jana Evangelisty (Parma)

Behind the cathedral we get to the square of Piazzale San Giovanni, to the monastery church of St John the Evangelist with white marble facade. The Church of San Giovanni Evangelista (10th century, rebuilt after the fire of 1498 and 1510) is part of a complex of a former Renaissance Benedictine monastery and is dominated by the 75m high bell tower (Giovanni Battista Magnani, 1613), which is the highest in Parma.

The interior is decorated with an illusionist fresco of the Vision of St John in Patmos by Correggio (1520–1522), who also created other works in the temple. Parmian native Parmigianino also contributed to the decoration.

kostel Santa Maria della Steccata (Parma)

We gradually returned to Via Garibaldi and to the small Piazzale della Steccata, where the monumental Renaissance Basilica di Santa Maria della Steccata (1521–1539) rises. We enter the temple with a Greek cross-shaped ground plan. John the Baptist, but today is one of the most beautiful buildings of the city.

kostel Santa Maria della Steccata, interiér (Parma)

The interior is decorated with paintings by most important artists of their time. Fresco decoration by Parmigiano, frescoes in the apse of the Coronation of Our Lady (1541) and Adoration of the Magi by Michelangelo Anselm, fresco on ceiling by Bernardina Gattiha or Holy Family by Jan Soens. In the crypt there are 26 Farnese family graves (Alexander Farnese and his wife Maria Infanta Portuguese - granddaughter of King Manuel I of Portugal, known for their artistic style of manuelism, there is also a crystal urn with the heart of Duke of Parma Charles III. 2010 buried Hugo, Duke of Parma).

We could keep wandering between the aisles and enjoy the atmosphere of the bustling North Italian town, its temples and parks. However, we set out to discover the gourmet products that made Parma famous.

But we will tell you about it next week.

GPS: 44°48'12.1"N 10°19'50.0"E


Text and photos: Anna Nociarová

Edited by: Infoglobe

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni  II – Visiting a Farm for Parmesan
Published: 12.5.2019
Are you fascinated by the history, culture, nature or gastronomy of the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna? So add a piece of travel knowledge puzzle to visit the farm where the famous Parmigiano Reggiano cheese begins and ends.

Italy: Cremona – The City of Violins
Published: 15.9.2022
Who loves music must know this city. Today, we are going tp Cremona, the town famous for violins. We will visit several monuments and introduce some personalities, including the famous poet Vergilius who studied here.

Italy: Cremona – Sights in Historic Center
Published: 23.9.2022
When you happen to visit the Italian region of Lombardy, you must definitely visit Milan. However this region also hides other places and towns that are worth a visit. We went to the city with the highest medieval tower in Italy. Come with us to the historic center of the picturesque and serene town of Cremona.

Italy, Langhirano – Place Prosciutto di Parma is Made
Published: 28.4.2019
ertainly you know the world-famous dried Prosciutto di Parma ham. We bite into these thin slices and set out on a journey through the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. Our goal was to manufacture this specialty. Together, today, we look behind the scenes of prosciutto - the goodness that the world has fallen in love with.

Italy, Lesignano de' Bagni I – The Emergence of the Famous Parmigiano Reggiano
Published: 5.5.2019
If you have not resisted the tastes of visiting Parma, do not miss a visit to the farm, where you will be introduced to the process of parmesan, which is an essential part of Italian gastronomy. We are now going to one of these farms near Lesignano de 'Bagni, also known for its thermal springs.

Italy: Tasting Parma
Published: 21.4.2019
If you visit the Emilia-Romagna region or the area around Parma, you will certainly fall for the temptation lurking at you in the form of famous delicacies. Bite with us to delicious products. Enchanted by the beauties of Parma, we headed for one of the many farms that offers an experience not only for the eyes but also for the taste and smell of the senses.

Italy, Milan – Center of Fashion and Design
Published: 25.6.2021
The city of fashion and design, finance, sports and nightlife. This is what attracts many to Milan. And once you get to this city even though your primary destination were landmarks, you can not miss out on this side, which makes it the richest city in the country.

Italy, Parma I – The History of the Town
Published: 31.3.2019
The most famous Italian city of Emilia-Romagna region, the name of which we associate with the delicious tastes of ham or cheese. This town will offer you not only gastronomic experiences. Before we taste the delicacies of this area, we will bite into exploring the rich history and monuments of Parma.

Italy, Parma II – Secular Sights in the Historic Center
Published: 7.4.2019
Almost every Italian city boasts an architecturally interesting monument. Parma is no exception. In the city, you can discover a private palace on any corner of one of the wealthy families here. However, today we are heading for the most visited secular monuments of secular architecture in the heart of the city.

Italy, Parma – Delicious Place
Published: 6.7.2018
Do you like parma ham and parmesan cheese? Now you know that these two delicacies were born in the city of Parma. The nearly two-thousand-year-old town lies between the Apennines and the Padoa plain and is the capital of the north-Italian region of Emilia Romagna.

Italy, Milan – Parco Sempione and Castello Sforzesco
Published: 11.7.2018
Not only the busy fashion streets are present in the city, but also the space to relax in the shade of the city parks will offer its visitors Milan. Of a number of parks, do not miss at least the city center. And this is not only because Castello Sforzesco Castle is located here.

Italy, Milan – Known and Less Known
Published: 20.6.2018
Milan is one of those cities where you can spend a few days and still discover something new. Since the time of the Celts, the city has developed into a modern economic center of Italy. In its tangled streets, overcrowded with cars you occasionally find some interesting sight which maybe is not one of the top attractions of Milan, but as we we are there already, why not and make a stop for a while.

Italy, Milan – Duomo
Published: 18.7.2018
Milan is a city of religious history, as evidenced by the number of saints who have been here during their lives. But its greatest pride is undoubtedly the city center with the cathedral. Il Duomo di Milano can be found on all the pictures of the city, so when you visit Milan you shloud not miss this architectural gem. In the following lines we will go through not only her interior, but we will also visit the roof.

Italy, Milan – Following Traces of Verdi: The Place of His Eternal Rest
Published: 6.6.2018
Milan is the second largest city in Italy and is known as the capital of fashion, sports, art, and business. We come here to complete our story about one of the most famous music composers ever - Giuseppe Verdi.

Italy, Milano – In Verdi's Footsteps: The Temple of Music La Scala
Published: 13.6.2018
When you visit Italy, you have to taste some of the local delicious cuisine. But as food art also is an integral part of the soul of this country. Italians live with music, and the visit to the Apennine Peninsula can‘t not go without a seeing musical performance. And what is more than the world-famous La Scala opera house?

Italy, Brescia – Interesting City Half the Way Between Milano and Venice
Published: 23.2.2018
Brescia is Italy's hidden gem. It is easy to miss as there many towns, cities, and other places around which are promoted by tourist book guides. Milano, Gardo and Como lakes are only some of many. Yet there is a lot to see in Brescia actually. Moreover, the city sits on former important Roman trade route.

Italy: Piacenza I – Historical Buildings and Palaces
Published: 5.9.2018
Even though the city is a commercial and industrial center now, the seat of the gas and oil refineries, and the World War II has hit its historcal heart, it still offers a number of beautiful historical monuments. In the following lines, we will look into its center and enjoy the local architectural gems.

Italy: Piacenza II – Amazing Sacral Structures
Published: 12.9.2018
In the lines to follow, we look at some of the most important churches of Piacenza that provide space for silent contemplation, a view of beautiful artworks and a shelter from hot sunshine. Historic palaces at the same time represent the wealth and glory of the city, as well as its exceptional spirit.

Related Photogallery

Italy: Charming Towns and Townships III
When you say Italy, everyone imagines fashion, art, music, beautiful landmarks, exceptional gastr...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townlets II
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Magical Towns and Townships
When it comes to Italy, everyone thinks of fashion, art, music, wonderful sights, exceptional gas...

Italy: Ancient Beauty – Rome
Join us in our visit to the heart of Italy and enjoy all its amazing architectonic pieces. Unfort...

Italy: Venice – The City on Water
The capital of the region of Venetia in northern Italy is a place where tourists can get unforget...

Italy - the Island of Ischia
Water treatment in nature of a green island. This is why thousands of turists come here. Sometime...

Italy, Sicily: Valle dei Templi I.
Valle dei Templi is only a mere shadow of the then monumental Greek complex which was a pride of ...

Italy: Pompeii
Welcome to Pompeii, a city that was the pride of the Roman Empire and finished by natural disaste...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:sunday 2. 10. 2022
Holiday:Olívie, Oliver
sunday 2.10.
11 °C
monday 3.10.
10 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.