en.infoglobe.cz » Peru: Trujillo the City of Eternal Spring and Archeological Sites Around

Peru: Trujillo the City of Eternal Spring and Archeological Sites Around

Published: 10.3.2022
Trujillo is situated in a desert area near the Pacific Ocean. It was founded in 1534. It had good enough fortification to withstand pirate raids. For a while it was even the capital of Peru when it the country declared independence.

Off Cajamarca landscape changes. We see only sand. We are quite surprised by the deserts around for we didn't expect such dry desert area to even be here.


Trujillo combines a colonial city and remains of ancient cultures. The evidence suggests that the city was founded over 10 thousand years ago. Cupisnique, Salinar or Viru civilizations laid foundations for the development of culture along the norhern coastline. Mochica culture was the ruling culture here between the 1st and the 7th century. And it was this culture which created the first organized state in Peru. This area was the cradle of Chimu culture in the 12th century. They built the city of Chan Chan. Then they expanded further along the coastline. After the Spanish came, the cities of Trujillo was founded. Martin de Estete designed the center so its clocs resemble a chessboard. The main square of Plaza de Armas was designed in the shape of a square as well as the city center. The main sight in the city center is the cathedral built in 1666. Inside, there are rare works of art. Except some more churches and some beautiful streets, Trujillo is rather a large and noisy city. Peruvanian drivers are probably the single worst drivers we have ever seen. And they are incredibly noisy too because they honk constantly. When we are about to fall asleep in our hotel, what we always can hear is the annying honking.

Plaza de Armas

Huanchaco, a village about 13 kilometers away, is also worth your time. The legend says that Prince Tacaynamo and his entourage disembarked here and established the first dynasty of the Chimu. Since the pre-Colombian era, fishermen have been using traditional rafts "caballitos de totora". However, today the beaches are rather popular for surfers. To us, water seems too cold.

caballitos de totora

Now we set off for the main sight in the are – ancient ruins. We take a ride to the road. Then we go on foot. On our way, we meet a nude dog, they live around here. We notice ruins of houses while thinking how extensive the settlement of this area must have been and how much still rests undiscovered. Chan Chan is the largest pre-Colombian cities in America. The city was built around the year 1300. Also, it is the largest city ever built from adobes in the world. It was the capital of Chimu empire. During its peak, allegedly 60 thousand people lived there in all sorts of buildings. Squares, houses, streets, pyramide temples, and other structures decorated with geometrical patterns, szoomorphological and mythological creatures. The walk in this labyrinth of massive walls is sure worth it. Apart from Chan Chan, a combined ticket allows you to enter two temples in the area – Huaca Esmeralda and Huaca Arco Iris.

local nude   Chan Chan

cesta k Chan Chanu   Chan Chan

Las Huacas del Sol y de la Luna were other ruins we couldn't miss. These are temples of Moche culture. Their age is estimated to be over 700 years older than Chan Chan. Huaca del Sol was a political and administrative center. Huaca de la Luna was a ceremonial venue. These structures only confirm the politicla, religious, economic and social importance of the Moche culture. Huaca del Sol consists of 140 milion adobes. Today, it rather looks like a pile of sand. However, the structure was closed to the visitors for archeological excavations took place there. Huaca de la Luna resembles a clay hill. There you must hire a guide so you wouldn't damage the sight. The walls are  covered in colorful crestings. These are magnificiently well preserved. Archeologists have still been discovering new layers.

Huaca de la Luna   Huaca de la Luna  

The Moche and the Chimu cultures left these amazing structures in the Trujilla region. However, every year new discovery is being made as the excavations are still in progress.

GPS: 8°06'41.0"S 79°01'40.5"W


Text a foto: Tomáš Novák

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Peru: Chachapoyas, Nuevo Tingo and Kuélap
Published: 24.2.2022
Chachapoyas town has been considered a paradise undiscovered. Situated in the Amazonas region, tourists travel here to discover beautiful nature, different microclimates, the ancient ruins of Kuélap situated between the Andes and jungle.

Peru: Cotahuasi – Allegedly the Deepest Canyon in the World
Published: 17.3.2022
While in Peru, we couldn't decide to visit or not to visit Colca or Cotahuasi canyons. Some say that Cotahuasi is deeper. Some say it's Colca. Perhaps this is only a way to bring more tourists to both canyons. Both canyons are about 3500 meters. The rivers which carved both canyons out flow through the Ande summits rising as high as 6000 meters above the sea level and end up in the Pacific Ocean. Both canyons feature rare Andean condors.

Peru: Leymebamba and Cajamarca
Published: 3.3.2022
Cajamarca became famous as place which put an end to the powerful Inca empire. The last Inca leader Atahualpa was defeated by Francisco PIzzaro. Later, he was executed on the ain square.

Peru: My Fulfilled Dream I.
Published: 10.11.2010
South America was always for me a great attraction, a magnet. Me, as a girl-undergraduate, who does not have big incomes, it seemed to be something as an inaccessible dream for the time being. Nevertheless, my college Vojta, said to me recently: "Would you like to visit South America, Peru, Chile or some other country?" and this offer let an idea in my head.

Peru: My Fulfilled Dream II.
Published: 17.11.2010
After arrival to Peru, we transferred from Lima to the moumtains. At seven o´clock in the morning, we came to the locality of Huaraz, situated in an altitude of 3091 metres above sea level.

Peru: My Fulfilled Dream III.
Published: 24.11.2010
In the morning, I went to bus station to take my rucksack, as my luggage did not arrived to Lima in time. After several call phones, we settled with KLM airflight company, that the luggage will be brought there in the bus.

Peru: My Fulfilled Dream IV.
Published: 1.12.2010
As our first trek in Peru, we have chosen well-known and often visited route through Santa Cruz Valley-river. Guide information says that optimal march time period is stipulated for four days, and the distance from starting point up to final one makes 50 kms. Anyway, we planned that our trip would be one day longer, including climbing into base camp of Alpamayo Mountain.

Peru: My Fulfilled Dream V.
Published: 8.12.2010
The next day, we got up early morning and found that it did not rain, on the contrary, it was nice, sunny weather. Vojta and Milan took even a bath in ice torrent. The way went up very moderately, sometimes it dropped, so the walking seemed not to be too difficult.

Related Photogallery


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:sunday 5. 2. 2023
sunday 5.2.
-3 °C
monday 6.2.
-5 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.