en.infoglobe.cz » Plague Columns - Stone Witnesses of the Victory over Epidemics  II

Plague Columns - Stone Witnesses of the Victory over Epidemics II

Published: 7.6.2020
To the glory of the church and as a thank you for protection against the danger of epidemics or war conflicts, monuments were erected in the most honorable places of cities. Today we will stop at the more ostentatious ones, they will fascinate us with their beauty and monumentality. But do we know their past and do we know why they decorate our square today?

Whether it is the Marian columns or the Trinity columns, both types arose similarly to the plague columns. They have a Christian theme in common and are similar in many ways. Some more modest, others ostentatious and monumental. Their characteristic feature is thanks for the end of a certain bad period in the area and at the same time protection so that such a period does not happen again. As the saying goes, "everything bad is good for something."

korunovace Karla I. u trojičního sloupu v Budapešti; wikipedia.org

In the case of the plague epidemic, which depopulated cities and caused famine, it is difficult to find the above-mentioned good. The construction of plague columns is quite a small patch for what the plague caused. The epidemics were followed by a period of famine, which led to the introduction of new crops - potatoes, corn and tobacco. In difficult times, even these crops helped the decimated population to survive. Tobacco has even been considered by some to be a cure for disease. Today, we can hardly imagine not eating potatoes or corn. Of course, the disease has spread more slowly from one country to another in the past, as there were no such possibilities for rapid movement, but on the other hand, information about it was also obtained more slowly.

Measures in the Time of Epidemy

trojiční sloup v Olomouci

n addition to the closure of the cities themselves, where the epidemic began to spread, doctors in particular also protected themselves with masks. These resembled a bird's beak and were filled with hay and various herbs or spices.

How They Were Created and History

mariánsky sloup v Olomouci

The Trinity Columns are crowned with depictions of the Holy Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) and usually celebrated the Church and the faith.

sloup Nejsvětější Trojice na náměstí Graben v centru Vídně

The type of the Trinity Column originated as a variation of the Marian Column in the 1980s in Vienna and became domesticated especially in the Habsburg Monarchy. An example is the Holy Trinity Column on Graben Square in the center of Vienna. The monument was built after the plague epidemic in 1679 at the initiative of Emperor Leopold I.

sloup Nejsvětější Trojice na náměstí Graben v centru Vídně; wikipeda.org

When the emperor left Vienna for the plague, he promised to build a plague column after the epidemic. First, a temporary wooden column was created, in 1687 the foundation stone of the current column was laid, the rich decoration of which consists of marble clouds, statues of saints and angels. The emperor himself financed the costs of its construction, was consecrated on October 29, 1693 and became the inspiration for most of the Trinity pillars. The consecration of the Holy Trinity could also be related to the then Turkish threat. While the Marian columns built so far were also directed against the Reformation (Protestants reject the Marian veneration), the Trinity express the trinity of God and thus oppose Islam, which proclaims strict monotheism.

sloup Nejsvětější Trojice, Olomouc

The time of the Trinity columns culminated in one of the most important and largest columns of the Holy Trinity, which rises on the Upper Square in Olomouc. It was built in the years 1716–1754 and financed by the architect Václav Render. Almost at the same time, a column was also being built on the neighboring Dolní square. This work of high baroque art is exceptional due to its monumentality, rich decoration and unusual combination of sculptural materials of stone and gilded copper. The base of the memorial is so large that a prayer house could be built inside. This column is the only one that has been independently inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

In a week we will focus on the Trinity Columns in Slovakia.

GPS: 48°12'31.4"N 16°22'11.4"E (Graben, Vienna)


Text: Mgr. Anna Nociarová

Photos: Wikipedia.org - K.u.k. Kriegspressequartier, Lichtbildstelle, Thomas Ledl, , pixabay.com

Edited by: Infoglobe

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

SK: Marian Columns – Stone Witnesses of Victories over Epidemics V
Published: 12.7.2020
After a week, we return to Kremnica, specifically to the late Baroque column of the Holy Trinity, which recalls the plague epidemic.

SK, Marian Columns – Stone Witnesses of Victory over Epidemics III
Published: 28.6.2020
Today we will set out together to explore the Slovak trinity pillars. Our first stop will be Bratislava, which has experienced many plague epidemics.

European Marian Columns – Epidemy Witnessess Made of Stone I
Published: 24.5.2020
In times when we can't go exploring other cultures, it may come in handy to look around. We realize that even in the past, people have had to deal with the pitfalls of diseases that have greatly affected the running of society. Evidence of this are the monuments expressing gratitude. One of these monuments, which we may have perceived in recent years only as meeting points, are the plague columns.

SK: Marian Columns – Stone Witnesses of Victory Over Epidemics
Published: 31.5.2020
Last week we wrote about the history of construction and the symbolism of plague columns in Europe, today we will focus on these sights in Slovakia. Marian columns are the largest here. These are typical of a depiction of the Virgin Mary with a child or a statue of the Immaculate Conception (Immaculate Conception) on top of them.

CZ, Olomouc – City of Unique Sights I
Published: 15.2.2017
Today, we visit Olomouc a city in central part of Moravia which is known for its smelly cheese, landmarks, flower exhibition and rich history.

CZ, Olomouc – The City of Unique Sights II
Published: 22.2.2017
Last week we started with our tour around Olomouc. We briefly told you about its history. The point of start was Horni square. The Holy Trinity column, and the town hall with a tower belong to its main landmarks.

CZ, Olomouc – A City of Unique Sights III
Published: 1.3.2017
Upon seeing Dolni and Zerotinovo squares, we walked down several streets and found ourselves on Horni square again. Church of St Moritz is located near to it.

CZ, Olomouc – The City of Unique Sights IV
Published: 8.3.2017
We left Republiky sqaure for St Wenceslas Cathedral situated on Wenceslas square. The cathedral houses Roman Catholic archdiocesis of Olomouc. The grandiose Romanesque/Gothic structure has some Baroque features and rich decoration of sculptures. It is true jaded gem of the city.

Austria, Wien – Fabulous Museum Walkthrough
Published: 13.4.2016
The capital of Austria is full of attractions interesting for tourists. The Natural History Museum is one of them. Former residence of the Habsburgs is where the museum resides today – Hofburg palace complex.

Austria: Vienna - I.
Published: 16.10.2010
Vienna, a capital of Austria, belongs to most attractive European places of interest, from tourist point of view. The wealth of historical monuments, a great number of architectonical sightseeings as well as many actual topics - all these places, joined with famous names and its stories or legends, make from Vienna a pleasant and always different target for any visitor.

Austria: Vienna II. - All Sighseeings In One Day
Published: 23.10.2010
In the first part of our walk, we went on foot the city centre. Now, we wish to offer you some tips, in order to see as much as sightseeings within short time period (within one day).

Austria: Vienna IV. - St. Stephen Dom
Published: 24.1.2011
St. Stephen's Dome belongs to most visited Vienna sightseeings. We would like to make you acquaintance with this monument which offers, except others, unique town's outlook.

Related Photogallery

CZ, ZOO Olomouc – Winter Visit
On Svatý Kopeček in Olomouc, an area of 42.5 hectares spreads over a zoo that offers over 400 dif...

CZ, Olomouc and Svaty Kopecek Hill
Olomouc, a Moravian city, is place of true adventure. Go and explore sights and interesting place...

Austria: Vienna - Walk Through City
Austrian capital belongs to most attractive European towns from tourist point of view. The wealth...


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:tuesday 19. 10. 2021
tuesday 19.10.
14 °C
wednesday 20.10.
18 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.