Poland: Poznan – The City on the Warta I
As the title suggests, the city is located on the Warta river, the third longest river in Poland.
Trip to Poznan will take us to one of the oldest Polish cities. As soon as you learn something about the oldest history of this city which will make your stay there better. You will also better understand what role it played in the Polish history.
Poznan always had an upperhand thanks to its strategic location between the rivers Warta and Cybina. Since early history the city was a stronghold and also an important cultural and political center as the very first ruler of the Polan tribe, Mesek I, made Poznan his residence.
In the middle of the 10th century, a cathedral, the very first in Poland was built . There used to a ducal palace in front of the cathedral, it was however discovered only recently. There was a chapel probably built for Mesek’s I wife. The cathedral went through many renovations through centuries – the pre-Romanesque, Romanesque, Gothic (14th and 15th centuries), Baroque that followed after a large fire, and neoclassical that was done also due to the damage of a large fire. The cathedral hosts tombs of the Piast dynasty rulers.
Another building appeared in the 13th century that is today a very popular isght. It is a castle built by Duke Premysl I. He built it on the hill on the Warta’s right bank. The castle is called Góra Zamkowa. Legend says that the hill was a work of dark forces. When Mesek I was christianized, the devil decided to flood Poznan. He had to make an alliance with other demon to reach his goal. They blocked the Warta. Their happiness over the victory woke up roosters. Their crowing scared the evil and it run away.
VIt was the largest castle in Poland in the 14th century. It was made of a massive tower and adjacent palace. The palace had a wine cellar and a prison in its basement. The second floor consisted of a monumental hall for two thousand guests..
Yet the history was not merciful to the castle. In 1536, the castle burned down for the first time and it was renewed in a Renaissance style. The beginning of the 18th century saw Swedish troops to destroy it and it was renovated, partially, again. It was demolished by Prussian troops marching over there in the 19th century and it was an artillery target during the second world war.
The castle was partially renovated. Since 2002 there has been an initiative seeking to reconstruct the castle. Still, you can visit the place to see the museum of industrial art.
There is much more in Poznan however we have to leave it for the next week...
Text: Maxim Kucer
Photo: Wikipedia.org: MOs810, MOs810 (2), Radomil talk, Radomil talk (2), Poznaniak
Last week we visited the Kościelisko and Chochołowska valleys and today we set out for other tourist attractions in the Lesser Poland Region. This time we will not leave the city of Zakopane, our goal will be an elongated hill Gubałówka.
Church towers looming above your heads, dwarves at your legs, calm breath of history, quick pulse of European city. And squirrels, squirrels everywhere. This is Wrocław.
The largest city of Poland and also the capital of the country. Only sledomly people imagine it an interesting place worthy making a trip. We were very hesitant if to go there at first. It takes 8 hours by train from Prague (for considerable amount of money you can buy a night train). A flight ticket costs around 3000. Eventually, we decided for the cheapest option – a day train ride (a return ticket costs about 1400 Czech crowns).
Rádi byste se prošli podél moře, ale nechce se vám nikam daleko? Pokud ano, máme tu pro vás dnes tip na místo, které je Čechy celkem opomíjeno. Nemusíte jet tisíce kilometrů, nemusíte překonávat svůj strach z létání. Stačí, když sednete do auta a můžete si udělat krásný prodloužený víkend v Kolobrzegu.
When one hears about Wieliczka, perhaps every one of us will come across the famous salt mine in southern Poland. This city of the same name offers tourists not only the beauty of their underground, but it also pays off to explore what it offers above ground. Before looking into the ancient depths, we walk through the monuments in the streets that remind us of the rich history of this mining town.
The world's unique sight in the south of Poland attracts more than a million tourists to local countryside. The salt world, which has been created for centuries by the mining of salt, has not left us indifferent either. Therefore, let us expose the history and the presence of this extraordinary place in the following lines.
Descend with us to the underground corridors and salt mine chambers, where you can see for yourself the spaces in which salt has been harvested for centuries. Unique space will be surprising especially by the number of original works of art. In the following lines, we are going to admire the attractions along the first half of the tour route.
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We have already discovered some sights in Poznan. This will continue today as we visit this city for the last time.
It would be a sin not to return once more to a city such as Poznan. Today, we go here to learn more about the capital of Greater Poland Voivodeship.
Originally Slavic fortified settlement, then castle, today memorial place with a park from where you get the vista of Cesky Tesin, and the Slezske and Moravskoslezske Beskydy.
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