en.infoglobe.cz » Poland, Svidnica and Jawor – Churches of Peace

Poland, Svidnica and Jawor – Churches of Peace

Published: 19.1.2023
In our countries, the Middle Bohemian period is still often perceived as the Dark Age. But it was during these "dark" times that many of our greatest treasures of art created by such masters as Karel Skreta, Jan Blaze Santini Aichl and the Dientzenhofers emerged to light . And the glorious Baroque treasures, which were created during the Thirty Years' War, are also pride in neighboring Poland. Indeed, a piece of today's Poland was part of the Bohemian Crown.

We highly recommend you to make a trip to two small towns not far from the Czech border. Jawor and Svidnica. You certainly remember Anna Svidnicka, the third wife of Charles IV. Yes, she originates here. The town of Svidnica was formerly the metropolis of the Svidnica principality. In addition to one of the most impressive monuments on the UNESCO list, there are no great tourist trails, but it is precisely because of this monument, the church of Miru, that the trip is worth a royal one.

Churches of Peace, Jawor

During the Thirty Years' War, Silesia belonged to the lands of the Czech Crown and was strongly affected by the Reformation. One of the conditions of the Peace of Westphalia, which ended this war, was that Emperor Ferdinand III. Habsburg will allow evangelicals in Silesia to worship in churches they build themselves. Unlike the Czech Republic, there was a certain religious tolerance here, but of course it had its downsides.

Churches of Peace, JaworChurches of Peace, Jawor

To build the evangelical church was not a simple task. There were relatively strict conditions: the church could not be of durable material (only wood, clay, sand and straw allowed); the church was not allowed to have towers, bells, it was not allowed to commemorate Catholic churches, it had to be behind the town walls, and its construction could not last for more than a year. They say "haste make waste" however some deadly deadlines can lead to better results. Here is the case.

Churches of Peace, Svídnica

Although you might not immediately recognize the church in the building, the churches of Peace usually look like large barns. However, the inside is inspired by Baroque.. Although Protestant beliefs are associated with modesty, and opulent decoration is more of a dominant feature of the Catholic Church (against which the Protestants have been defined), the Silesian evangelicals in the interior have made up for everything that exits the exterior. The wood is reminiscent of marble, you can find the reminiscent altars, the monumental organ, the decorated benches. Definitely not here.

Churches of Peace, Svídnica  

Originally, there were three churches of Peace. Unfortunately one of them burnt  down and has not been restored. The remaining two in Jawor and Swidnica have, fortunately, survived despite the material's inherent durability, and the believers are still serving. It is even referred to as the largest half-timbered church in Europe or the largest baroque wood church in the world. The area has an impressive 1090 m2 and can accommodate up to 7500 people.

Churches of Peace, Svídnica

GPS: 50°50'47.4"N 16°29'28.8"E

Text and photos: Kateřina Holečková

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