Rhodos Town - Old Quarters And New Town I.
The city with cultural traditions, with known rhetorical school (attended by Cicero and Caesar) and the famous sculptural school. Ever since its foundation (408 BC) the capital of the island is Rhodos, lies in whose northern tip.
In the time of establishment, city was projected on the rectangular system of streets and lied from the Acropolis area on the west to the east coast. Around the city lead 4 km long walls (interior and exterior) with towers, bastions and moats. Just behind these walls is just the right historical centre with narrow cobbled streets.
Capital consists of two parts: the Old and New Town. Just outside the walls, between the ports of Mandrake and Emborio, is centre of both cities, where tourists find necessary maps and information centres.
The town was founded and built by the Knights of St. John (Johanits, the Templars, the Knights of Malta). Labyrinth of alleys and quiet nooks is divided into two parts - Knights Quarter and Bourg. To the Knights part entrance by the gate of Liberty across the ditch between the inner walls. Today is densely planted with pink flowering shrubs, in times of war has always resisted the attack of enemies, even though water was never full. Just beyond the gate can be seen the remains of the ancient temple of Aphrodite (3rd cent. BC). The square in the centre of town stands a marble fountain - originally a Byzantine baptistery, which was found in the south of the island. On the way we meet on the former knight's hospital, which is part of the Museum of Decorative Arts, and close to Byzantine and Archaeological Museum. Church "Madonna of strength" knights originally served as the cathedral, later, under Turkish rule, was converted into a mosque, where some of the executions of Christians - hence the "bloody mosque". The renovated buildings found space museums, banks and major institutions. The main axis of the homonymous district Knightly is paved and one of the most famous medieval streets – Knight´s avenue.
The main building of the Old Town is a Palace of the Grand Masters of 14 century. It is said that the palace - which is below the ruins that were left for him, the ancient temple hidden treasure. I. St. War completely ruined medieval castle, the only decoration are preserved mosaic decoration of halls, such as the head of Medusa, the nine Muses, dolphins, etc. During the reign of Italians entire palace lavishly restored and added the majestic medieval castle, everything down to the last detail, because the building should serve to the Italian king. In the courtyard is a bronze wolf - the mother of Romulus and Remus. Originally protect the entrance to the older ports - Mandrake. In two parts of the palace are expositions of ancient Rhodes with rich collections of all kinds. At the end of the street is frequented by Socrates Suleymanov mosque with brick red roof. Right next to the towering clock tower (open view), which under Turkish domination announce the Greeks, the time to leave town.
At each step when learn something about local history, you discover the remains of the old masters. Their arms left carved in stone on many buildings, gates and castle fortifications. In the maze of narrow and winding streets, cobbled pebbles, it is really very difficult to know where you are. Shops, taverns and small cafes on the ground floor stone houses of different historical periods take you centuries back.
Text/photo: Monika Babická
An island with a history dating back to the early Stone Age was only discovered in the 1970s-80s. Today, it is a popular holiday destination not only for the mainland, Romanians, Bulgarians and the inhabitants of the former Yugoslavia, who are almost overwater here, but Thassos is stuck in the viewfinder to tourists beyond the borders of Europe. The most popular places include southern Limenaria and Potos.
Today we visit Greece's forgotten corner.
Last time, we wandered around the best beaches you can find near Thessaloniki. Unfortunately, these are not as close for you to reach it on foot. However, beautiful environment should do.
Last Friday, we visited an underground museum that is, honestly, not very interesting except for being underground. Today, our trip goes to other, more interesting museums.
We return to Greece again to see another less known place. Well, more or less...
The title suggests that Crete is island of several great tourist attractions. People who love culture, those who love history and nature or just laying on a beach will all enjoy a stay here. The history of Crete is, however, very colorful. Therefore, it would be a pity to spend your vacation just being lazy on a beach.
A delegate of the company we rented our car from had been already waiting for us once we arrived at the airport. It was apparent that there is some fierce competition among car rental companies. The way how they treat their customers is the consequence of the fierce competition. Once we had settled all documents we needed we get in our car and drove to the west. There are no official freeways so you don’t pay any toll.
The longest European gorge of Samaria was another point of interest. The Samaria is located in Crete’s western half. The gorge is in the middle of the White Mountains (in Greek Lefka Ori). The gorge became a national park in 1962 when the inhabitants of Samaria village was displaced. It was situated in the middle of the gorge. Also, the gorge is a world biosphere reserve.
We left early in the morning the Agia Galini camp for Phaistos (Faistos) palais. It is considered the second most important Minoan palace (the first one is Knossos). The palace is situated on Kastri Hill which is in central area of the Mesara Plain. Up from there you can get beautiful vista of the Idi mountains.
The next day’s morning we woke up while it was still being dark. Because we spent the night at a cottage, we quickly packed our things. At 6 o’clock we were already heading to Kato Zakros, another important Minoan palace. Unfortunately, the weather was not good. It rained all day. Yet this was no thing that would make us to loose our spirits. At around 8 o’clock we reached our destination. The information in the book guide said it the opening hours start at 8. However, right there we found out it would be at 10. Two hours of additional time meant we made use of them and walked along the coastline.
The last day before leaving Crete by plane we did want to spend in Heraklion. Most of all at the most famous Minoan palace of Knossos. At around 8 o’clock in the morning we left the camp of Sissi. About one hour later we were in front of our hotel. We parked the car and went for Knossos right away. This largest tourist attraction on Crete is only 5 kilometers to the south from Heraklion. Buses depart every twenty minutes for the palace and you pay 3 euro per ticket.
The green island of Thassos is situated in Eastern Macedonia. It is green because mountain peaks are covered by pine and olive groves. Its rocky shores are washed by the tranquil Aegean Sea. You will not find any airport or industrial zone. That makes the air here great. Thanks to the marble subsoil, one of the best marbles in the world is mined here.
There was a large testing staircase in the center of Asklepion. To ensure good reputation of the hospital, the patients were supposed to walk up the stairs to the sanctuary without any help. If some died, they removed his body quietly in the night so nobody would see it...
I go up a moderate hill to reach Asklepion where Hippocrates had his “office”. How Asklepios became a god? It was like this: Appollo, a god of health, wanted to teach his son Asklepios. He perfected heiling powers and thus became the god of medicine.
What attracts most people to the beautiful island of Rhodes, is the sun. To its rays, that oblažují fourth largest Greek island full 330 days a year, people have come here in the Stone Age. Since then Rhodes was continuously "civilized" and therefore lying on its banks an incredible amount of wonderful old monuments.
From Old town with medieval buildings and watchtowers we head into the New Town district, where you can also find monuments from different periods, which was together with historical centre right declared by UNESCO as world natural and cultural attractions.
Kos is one of many Greek islands. It is a popular destination not only for Czech tourists. It is located in the Aegean Sea near the Turkis shores near the Bay of Koss. It is a small island – it is 45 kilometers long and 10 kilometers wide. The shore is 112 kilometers long.
One of the most attractive places on Rhodos east coast is Lindos, a city built in the rock. It has a acropolis and the temple of Athena of Lindos. The knights of the order of Saint John built the greatest local landmark.
After several articles on London we jump across Europe to the Mediterranean, actually to the east part of the sea. Today we will have a taste of sun after rains of London, and warm waters of the Sea of Crete.
Last week we have lured to you to our trip to Crete. This hilly island hides many things, no healthy tourist would miss that. Today we will take a look on one of the largest cities of Crete, Rethymno. First, we will talk about local cuisine. Next week will visit some landmarks.
In Rethymno we have already spent a lot of time. We saw something of its historic heritage, even if there is yet much more to see. We just randomly mention some of them.
We left Rethymno. It slowly fades behind us. We travel towards Cretan nature in the Samaria gorge.
Last look at Agios Nikolaos and a trip to Spinalonga.
Today we travel to Greek island of Kos. I met there Iva, a nice Czech, so we travel together. On the ship are all kinds of nationalities – French, Italians, Germans, English, Hungarians and us, Czechs! It is funny that I understand almost everyone yet they don’t have a clue. Our journey is pleasant. It takes around 50 minutes.
Based on Hippocrates the present Hippocratic oath was formed. Right in a shop I buy a papyrus with full oath in Czech!
The fashion is to fly to exotic countries and bring home the images of white beaches. Paradise of islands, beaches and beautiful nature hides a much closer - in Europe. Greece is a country, that you can´t know during one summer vacation - you'll want to come back again and again.
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