Sweden: Nordic Cities IX – Stockholm
We are in a camp near Stockholm. We set off for a walkthrough in the city yet first we make a stop at Vasa Museum.
The name of the museum comes after a Swedish war ship and it is basically integral part of the museum. Gustavus Adolphus during the years 1625-1628 by the Duch shipbuilder Henrik Hybertsson. The name comes after Vasa dynasty. Over 400 people had their part in building the ship. It was supposed to become the largest and the best equipped ship to demonstrate royal power.
Original plans had changed for king changed his requirements - he wanted the ship to have rich and high upper deck and also he did wnat to have many cannons on the ship. Therefore, there were two decks which, on the other hand, made the ship less stable. Stoens on the bottom of the ship were supposed to make it more balanced.
Unfortunately, this was not enough. The ship first set sails on August 8 1628. Once it left the port it fired ceremonial cannon shots. However, the recoil of th cannons made it swing and the wind leaned it even more. Water then flew inside through cannon holes and the ship sunk. Fortunately, nobody died even though over 30 members of the crew remained in the ship.
Anders Franzen discovered Vas in 1956. Everybody was surprised about the good condition of the ship. This is possibly due to lack of naval shipworm in the Baltic sea. It eats shipwreck or it damages it at least. Several years later the ship was got back on the surface. 14000 ship items were found around the wreck statues included. Also 12 crew members remains were excavated.
It took several years to renovate the ship. It has been still a subject of inquiry how to preserve the ship. Vasa Museum which holds the ship was opened in the year 1990. It is one of the greatest attractiosn around. There are bridges around the ship to allow the visitors to see it. It is not accessible from inside. It is truly great experience. We learn many interesting facts about the period in the museum. We also see some items which were renovated and identified.
To spend two hours there is bare minimum. But we have still a lot on our schedule. Stockholm spreads across 14 islands connected by bridges and an underground subway or public sea transport. Not many know that all islands are in the sea. Lake Mälaren borders Stockholm in the west. It mixes with the salt water of the Baltic Sea in the center of the city close to the building of the parliament.
Vasa Museum is located on Djurgården island. We cross the Djurgårdsbron bridge to reach its downtown. The bridge was built for the purpose of the world exhibition of 1897 in Stockholm according to the plans by Carl Fraenell. Statues of Nordic gods stand on four granite columns decorating the bridge.Heimdall blows his Gjallarhorn, Frigg, the wife of Odin, holds a pole. You can recognize Thor by his Mjolnir hammer resting on his shoulders. Rold Aldersparre is the author of these statues. The bridge enters Narvavägen boulevard. Along the boulevard there are yachts and other vessels. First, we head to buy tickets for a cruise around the islands. It is wonderful experiences. Then we rush to the royal palace. There we see the entire guard. They leave the barracks exactly at noon to change guards. The vista is splendid and soon we hear music from afar which means the soldiers are coming. Two guardsmen ride on horses in the front. They adjust traffic and clear space for the royal guard.
We still have about an hour worth of cruis around Stockholm's islands. We tell you about it more next week.
GPS: 59°19'46.5"N 18°04'09.1"E
Text and photos: Magdaléna Radostová
On this day, our journey across Nordic cities comes to its end. Last time we visited Copenhagen and we would continue in our today.
Beautiful moments pass by quickly. Now we are in the last place of our Scandinavian tour. The Danish capital is situated on the eastern coast of Sjælland island and partly it lays on Amager island. Copenhagen is a beautiful, modern city. People love it and return back gladly.
We sail along Djurgården island, a home to several itneresting museums. One of them is the Vasa Museum (we wrote about it the last time). The island used to hold the game and was fell right under the king. Nowadays, there is Ekoparken Park. The only park in the world situated at the heart of nation's capital. There is also the oldest amusement park in Sweden and Rosendal, a beautiful chateau. Moreover, the ABBA Museum was founded here in 2013.
We visit Lillehammer today which was the place where the Olympics took place in 1994. The bus takes us to ski jump bridges. The entire town is right at our feet. We climb down metal steps and we are lucky. There is a ski training taking place just now. We can see skiers in action.
Today we begin our new series on Nordic cities. For following 11 Saturdays we tell you where the traveller Magdalena Radostova went and what saw there.
For the first time after thirteen nights in the tent we wrapped a blanket around ourselves. Me and Dominika got at a farm south from Norrköping. For ten days we worked there in exchange for food and shelter.
Together we go to Götaplatsen square. The city is very quiet. We encounter almost no one. The rain stopped. However, wind still blowed unpleasantly strong. Slowly we approach an interesting statue. It is a revolver with twisted barrel. It was made by one of the foremost personas of modern Swedish art – the sculptor and painter Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd. This artist lived in the US for a while. In the 1980, the shock of the shooting and consequent death of John Lennon inspired him to create this statue which he calls Non Violence. The original one is situated in front of the OSN HQ in New York. Another clones you can find in Berlin, or in the Swedish cities of Stockholm, Malmö, Lund, and Boras, or in Caen, France and Kirchberg, Luxemburg.
We begin with a tour in Domkyrkan, a Lutheran church which was destroyed by fire two times. The first cathedral was constructed between 1624–1627. The church was consecrated in 1633. Unfortunately, on the night of April 15 1721 a huge fire broke out. 211 buildings from the surrounding area were destroyed. Many people died as well. Consequently, there was a search for a suitable area which would serve cemetery. Eventually, the cemetery was constructed in the park adjacent to the cathedral. Over 20 thousand bodies were laid there.
It would be unthinkable to skip another Nordic city - Oslo. We devote two articles to this city. First, we see the most interesting museums there and next time we'll see the city itself.
We are heading towards Rådhuset which Oslo's townhall built in the Classicist revival style. Its two rectangle towers are hard to not to see. The east tower is 66-meters high. Inside, there are chimes consisting of 38 bells. The northern tower is 63 meters high. The astronomical clock is situated on the south side. The clock is unique and also one of the largest in Europe. Its dial has 8,6 meters in diameter. The hand is 5,7 meters long. To be honest, I didn't like th town hall at first. And I learn the locals also needed some time to adjust. However, they consider it an integral part of their city which is partly given by its beautiful interior.
After a visit in Oslo, there is a long way to our next accomodation - Faksfall camp near Dombås town. Partially, the road takes us along Mjøsa which is the largest lake in Norway. Its total depth is 468 meters.
We can sleep a while longer. Today is a different day. We are about to climb the Bessegen mountain ridge. Its highest peak is Veslfjellet (1 743 m). It is situated in the Jotunheimen mountain area which is the highest in all Norway (there are 29 of the highest peaks of Norway). A third of the area covers the Jotunheimen national park. It is a beautiful place of steep mountains, glaciers, and beautiful valleys.
You can literally cross a bridge from Copenhagen, Denmark to Sweden. But it is quite a long bridge. One may think both cities would be similar due to small distance separating them but you couldn’t be more wrong. Malmö has different feeling – it is calmer, more monumental, and more adult. You will feel its industrial history as well as present high-tech direction.
Eighteen kilogram backpack on our backs were bent me and Dominika down at a station. We were looking forward to Swedish dream, a month worth of travelling on our own. A yellow bus was the means of our transport from Brno to Göteborg. After almost 20 hours of comfortable ride we got off the bus to see seagulls, ferry two ferry boats and cranes idling at the port. Visitor centers were buoys giving us always necessary information in the Swede’s second largest city. The first thing we actually did there was a visit at one such a center. Maps, leaflets, information – this is tourist’s fodder. One even doesn’t realize how remote is the land he trod on. Especially when passersby smile at him/her when he/she asks for directions. The smiles were still there regardless where we were.
We commenced the hiking part of our Swedish journey “deep in the north”. It was in the territory of Bohuslän which is eleven hours from Göteborg. Prices are same in Sweden as in the Czech republic. Nominally, at least. The most expensive part of our journey is travelling itself (had you your own food from the Czech Republic). However, there are many train and bus lines in the country.
While travelling along coastal trail from Ljungskile to Uddevalla, we saw Halle-Hunneberg forests, Västergötland region. It was tiresome to carry heavy backpacks which in turn didn’t bring us much joy when travelling. Therefore, we left them at a visitors’ center.
Last days of travels with Dominika we spent at the city of
Örebro, the history of which dates back to the 15th century.
The Kingdom of Sweden, most extensive Scandinavian country, is situated on surface of 449 964 square kilometres and belongs to greatest states of Europe. Sweden temptates millions of visitors, thanks to its marvellous and diverse nature or interesting architecture, especially for the fact that even during tourist saison, the calm.dominates and no busy life is prevailing there.
Scandinavia is extended on a peninsula of the same name in the North of Europe. It is also known as a country of elks, trolls, fjords, high mountains, endless plains or a seat of Santa Claus.This area has, as a consequence of its position, more colder climate and heterogenous countryside, rather few inhabitated (colonized).
Stockholm belongs synonymously to most beautiful and most green metropolis of the Europe. The lovers of history and arts will be surprised at existence of more that 100 museums, dedicated really to all subjects which would occur to you.
Should you desire to enjoy amazing nature, lakes, hikes in deep forests where you wouldn't find a...
One can say Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, and Malmö, Sweden, would be similar cities becaus...