UK, Wales – Bath, A Symbol of Elegance and Social Life
Bath was a spa town in the past, designed especially for sick and crippled visitors. At the beginning of the 18th century, however, it began to attract individuals with a desire for entertainment and relaxation in a picturesque setting. So over time, the visit to Bath became a tradition for many, and the city soon reached its greatest fame.
It is precisely from the 18th and 19th centuries that many monuments have been preserved. At that time, because of the lack of capacity, older medieval buildings were pulled down in the city and buildings in the Palladian style were built, based on the aesthetics of ancient Rome. These include the Circus Square, whose origin was inspired by the Roman Coliseum, and the semicircular Royal Crescent, whose construction utilized uniform Ionic columns. Both of these building complexes were intended for the aristocracy who came to Bath mainly to entertain. Around there are large areas designed for good movement of carriages and cabs and the whole area is still connected by a picturesque park.
The main landmark in the city are the original Roman baths, located next to the medieval abbey, which is still in great condition. In Bath we find the only hot mineral spring in the whole of the United Kingdom, which the Romans were already aware of. The spa was founded there just after their landing (around 43 AD) and was used for 400 years, which remained in Britain. Thereafter, the spa was partially dismantled and built with new buildings, which was not discovered until the first archaeological excavations around 1775. Today, it is only possible to visit the spa buildings, it is naturally impossible to bathe in the spa. However, there are plenty of modern spa facilities that still use the same hot spring.
The city is also strongly associated with the name of the author of romantic novels Jane Austen, who has just set the scene of several of her books. Thanks to her works we have a fairly varied and probably faithful description of the city in the 18th century and the society that was in it at that time. Many lovers of the author's books go to Bath to explore the backdrops known to them and to see her museum.
GPS: 51°22'51.9"N 2°21'33.4"W
Text and photos: Barbara Nováková
The inconspicuous island in the southwestern part of Pembrokeshire was first settled in the Iron Age. It was originally called Skalmey, a name taken from the Viking words of Skalm (short Czech sword) and ey (island). The name was probably derived from the shape of the island, which is divided into two equal sized areas connected by a narrow rocky barrier of natural origin and therefore looks like half-polished. During the Iron Age, there were estimated to be up to 200 people, so it was an important and flourishing community for some time.
Cadair Idris is 893 meters high. It is located in the southern part of Snowdonia National Park and is located in northwest Wales. It is considered by many to be the second most beautiful and significant mountain in the area (just after the highest peak of Wales, Snowdon). The advantage is its significantly lesser fame, on the slopes you do not meet many tourists and you can enjoy undisturbed beautiful views of the surrounding wild landscape.
Pembrokeshire Coast is one of the three National Parks in Wales. The Pembrokeshire Coast Path, less than 300 km long, runs through the park and attracts many walkers and coastal fauna and flora every year. It is a landscape full of rugged and cliffs which are very typical in almost all of Britain, sandy beaches, wooded delta rivers, from which the landscape rises further inland to the tops of local mountains.
A fort of the Taff. This is the meaning of the name of the capital of Wales, which is a major part of the kingdom of Great Britain. About 3 million people live in Wales.
Today, we spend a day in the city of Bath. The city is located in Avon Valley between the Mendip Hills and the Cotswolds Hills. The name of the city is linked to its purpose. The city lays on 2 thousand yer old Roman baths. Moreover, the city features amazing Georgian houses which are incredibly well preserved. The city was listed in UNESCO's world heritage in 1987.
Birmingham is known mostly to the fans of sports for it was here where the European league was born as well as the sport of tennis (in the end of 1850s). The city was founded in the times of Anglo-Saxon immigraiton. However, it became the center of trade only in the mid 12th century.
Brighton is the most popular and famous sea resort on the English Channel. Once, this large city was a simple fishing village which became increasingly popular among English nobility in the 18th century. They travelled here to breathe fresh sea air and relax in luxurious spa. Today, Brighton is open to anyone. Its pebble beaches are lined with souvenire stores and various attractions.
Bristol is a large English city and an unitary authority where live around 400, one million people respectively.
Are you fascinated by Scottish castles? Against the dark sky, walls with gothic windows over the centuries lashed with rain and overgrown with rich green grass provoke our imagination longing to know at least a small piece of their stories. Castles and ruins of churches, monasteries and medieval buildings built from the local dark stone are a typical decoration of the beautiful and dramatic Scottish landscape.
The famous cathedral belongs to the greatest sights in the city. It is the seat of the archbishop of Canterbury, the highest church official of the Church of England. However, Canterbury has been important Christian location for a long time. In the early Middle Ages, St Augustin baptised Anglo-Saxons. In 597, he became the first English bishop. His grave lays close to the city walll. Its importance surpasses even that of the cathedral itself.
If you want to enjoy atmosphere of traditional England, its stone houses and glittering sea in the background mark the area of southern Devonshire.
After the visit at beautiful Trafalgar Square we continue to see another sights in London.
Last week we have seen one of the most famous district of London, Soho. Once it was a red light district. Today, however, we move on.
After or Genoa walks we move northwest, to Great Britain and its capital, London.
Once, London was the largest city in the world. They ruled the entire British empire from here. Precious goods was imported from all around the world and ships departed for adventure and came back later. Today, people from all around the world come here – either to trade, work, admire amazing sights, enjoy local atmosphere or get a taste of world's cuisine.
Today, we continue in our getting around Manchester. First, we visit Heaton Park. Its 250 hectares makes it the largest park in Manchester. At the heart of the park, there is Heaton Hall, a neo-classical chateau made of sand stone. It is not open to the public at the present. In the park, there are many original buildings which received renovation. Moreover, there is a golf course, a observatory, or a museum.
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