USA, California – Anaheim and Disneyland
California is a home to new ideas and innovations. Did you know that here (in San Bernardino) the very first McDonald’s restaurant was opened?
The famous company Apple was founded in California. Also Frisbee was invented here and the legendary Barbie doll was designed and manufactured here.
And in the Californian city of Anaheim the first modern amusement park in the world was founded. Every kid want to visit it - Disneyland.
Anaheim is situated in Orange County, southwestern part of the state. The name sounds German and it truly has German origin. It combines the word Ana, which is local Santa Ana, and heim, which stands for “home” in German. In the late 1850s a group of German settlers bought here land and founded a town.
Anaheim was not a particularly important town. The railroad reach the town in 1875. In the late 1870s it saw the foundation of its first brewery. The number of inhabitants grew steadily but Anaheim remained a small town nevertheless. Only towards the end of the 19th century there lived finally more than 2000 people.
However, since the mid-1950s Anaheim began to grow, rapidly. More than 100 thousand people lived there in the late-60s. Now there live more than quarter of a million in the 80s and in the year 2000 over 320 thousand. Perhaps you already have an idea – Disneyland.
The construction began in 1954. At first, the park should have been much more humble and smaller park which would cover only 3 hectares of area. However, the project got much bigger. Walt Disney bought 65 hectares of land.
On July 17, 1955 the park was ceremonially opened. TV broadcasted the event which then was pretty unusual thing to do. According to estimations 30 thousand people were present at the ceremony. The event made the park famous and later it would change its immediate surroundings as well as entertainment industry. Many later amusement parks were very much inspired by Dysney’s concept.
To be continued...
GPS: (Disneyland) 33°48'43.4"N 117°55'08.8"W
Text: Maxim Kucer
Foto: Wikipedia.org: USC Regional Historical Photo Collection, mtungate,
Buchanan Hermit, Nandaro, pixabay.com
Today we will visit sunny California again and look at one of the lesser known cities. Most of you will certainly think of metropolises like Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego or smaller cities like Santa Barbara, Fresno or Sacramento.
We return to Legoland, Florida to see some of its most interesting rides.
Yosemite valley (situated in the area of the park of the same name) is encircled by grey granite rocks rising atop thick forest. El Capitan is the most well-known granite massif. This rock is a place where amazing climbers from all around the world come to. The Nose is the most famous climbing trail. Half Dome is the second most well-known summit. Its name comes after its shape.
The Death Valley national park is named after the valley of the same name which is located in the very park. The name was given during the Golden Rush in the mid-19th century. A road went across this valley down which goldrushers went to reach fortune and fame. They, however, were thirsty, and hungry. They had to kill their oxes and roast them atop burning carriages to survive. For these horrible experiences the valley is named after the death itself.
Great drought, desert landscape, high temperatures - we are in Death Valley national park. It is best to being at a visitor center - there you can get the most important information, map, good advice, and buy the much needed water. There are several visitor centers in the park.
California is a country in the southwest coast in the US. Many foreign and domestic tourists are lured to this state. There is the wild Pacific Ocean coastline, interesting cities and towns and other amazing places created by nature. Mt. Whitney (4421 m) is the highest mountain of the Sierra Nevada moutain range stretching in the south of California. Mt Whitney is the highest mountain of continental United States. Some areas in California are national park or nature reserves.
Arizona is a situated in the US southwest. Mostly, its land area consists of desert. The name of the state is probably derived from Spanish árida zona = parched zone. There are conifer forests at higher altitudes looking over the desert in valleys. The most well-known nature attraction here is Grand Canyon. It is, however, not the only national park in Arizona. There are many beautiful places in nature here which are also reserves.
Grand Canyon National Park is another American national park. And it is one of the oldest ones. It is sitauted in the state of Arizona and majority of its area conists of Grand Canyon created for millions of years by the Colorado River and tectonic plate activity. It is very deep and layers of old rocks are aparent on its shores. The landscape is influenced by erosions and other geological activities it is in the state of constant change.
Our tourist destination today is the city of Riverside, which lies approximately a hundred kilometers east of the megalopolis of Los Angeles. In comparison, it looks like a small suburb with its 300,000 inhabitants. However, if you want to try something other than a traditional overcrowded tourist destination, it is a great cruise destination.
Today we head to sunny California and head to the San Joaquin Valley, which is located in the central area of the state.
The city's name sounds interesting, curiosity has not allowed us to miss what it means. The name originates neither in English nor in the native Native American Yokut and Miwok tribes, as is common throughout America but in Spanish. Fresno means ash because ash is the most common tree lining the San Joaquin River, which flows into the Gulf of Suisun.
Today we will visit Fresno again. We will tell you where to go for culture, because perhaps there is no city more in favor of culture in the United States. After all, there are more than a hundred nationalities, making it perhaps the most ethnically diversified city in the US after the largest cities like, for instance, New York.
Eureka is the largest coastal city of California, 50 million north of San Francisco. Victorian architecture, complemented by various art installations, is unforgettable.
Less than a hundred kilometers north of the famous and popular San Francisco, lies a city of 150,000 inhabitants, famous for the North Bay region and the Napa and Sonoma wine regions.
We left the Islands of Adventure for another theme park of many others surrounding Orlando, Florida. There is a lot to choose from. We, however, take a look at a place that is somewhat closer to us in some respects.
Marvel superheroes, Jurassic park... So far it seems this theme park is all boys can dream of. However, to many standing for hours in long lines to get a three-minute thrill is rather a sobering moment.
California is the third largest state in the United States. It is the most populous and wealthiest. Almost forty million people live there. They produce 13% of American GDP, i.e. 2.1 trillion dollars (Czech GDP is around 210 billion).
Last week we introduced you the most famous theme park in the world. It radically change the city of Anaheim. Once a sleepy Californian town became one of the most important cities in the state and revolutionized the entertainment industry.
Today we continue in our trip in world famous theme park. We are going to leave Main Street U.S.A. and see other parts of the park.
For the last time we visit the most famous theme park in the world and see what else visitors can experience there.
Many Americans want to either live in California or start and build their career there. Was California an independent country, it would be one of the strongest economies in the world. Many innovative companies concentrate in the state (especially in the famous Silicon Valley). You can find here San Francisco – the city of which many songs were written. Americans love it not only for the Golden Gate Bridge but for its atmosphere and culture. There is also one of the most famous prison – Alcatraz.
Before we continue in our tour across super fast rollercoasters we tell you how much this fun costs. And sometimes it is even hard to believe what the park actually tries to sell its customers.
In the preceeding weeks, we focused on California’s theme parks. Today, we move thousands of kilometers to the east – to Florida, the sunshine state. Florida is another Mekka of the entertainment industry.
We mentioned last week the great theme park of Islands of Adventure. One of its sections is home to Marvel super heroes. We also took (albeit imaginary) ride on the Incredible Hulk rollercoaster. As its signature superhero the ride is green and you can even experience zero gravity there.
Today we continue in our trip in California’s Capital – Sacramento. We are going to leave Chinatown to see the historical district of this city of half million.
In the east of California there is a place which boasts with the highest ever recorded air temperature. It happened in the summer of 193. The temperature attacked shocking 56,3 degrees of Celsius. Just remember how awful it was last summer when 35 degrees was daily temperature in Prague. Also, the highest ever night air temperature was recorded here – 43 °C.
From inglorious Compton with high levels of criminality (decreasing) we move to the place well-known to everyone – Hollywood.
Last week, we were over to Hollywood. It is a place that is in some ways perhaps overrated.
In the last article devoted to the United States we have learned something about Alcatraz, a former maximum security prison. Now we move from the Rock and have a glimpse at one of the most distinct cities in the US.
I gave myself a four-day vacation in San Francisco in the middle of my two-year au-pair stay in the US. Everyone, who ever was there, never said anything except superlatives and mentioned the difference between east coast and west coast cities.
Next day morning we set out to explore Lombard Street, a street that is world famous for its zigzag character. And really, houses are built to allow everyone who live there to drive in or out on this steep hill.