USA, California – Sacramento and its Chinatown
California is the third largest state in the United States. It is the most populous and wealthiest. Almost forty million people live there. They produce 13% of American GDP, i.e. 2.1 trillion dollars (Czech GDP is around 210 billion).
In California there are many things which holidaymakers find interesting. There is one of the most famous cities in the world which also is home to the most popular hub of movie industry – we are talking about Lost Angeles and Hollywood. San Francisco, so beloved by the Americans for its atmosphere, culture is also in California.
We cannot forget other cities in California like Sacramento, San Diego or Anaheim. There are also many national parks like Yosemite, Joshua Tree or Lassen Volcanic.
Today we start in the capital of California. It is not Los Angeles or San Francisco as many might think. Sacramento is the capital.
The first Europeans who saw the area of Sacramento were Spaniards. Evropané, kteří se do oblasti dnešního Sacramenta dostali, byli Španělé. Místo objevil v roce 1808 Gabriel Moraga, a Spanish officer discovered this place in 1808. He named many rivers but their names had changed. For instance, the Merced River’s original name is El Río de Nuestra Señora de la Merced.
Sacramento received city privileges as late as in the mid-19th century in 1850. Around this time Chinese migrated to the United States due to the opium wars in China hoping to find better life in America. Many also hoped to find gold in the hills east from the city.
There was even a Chinatown. in Sacramento. Often immigrants faced violence, discrimination, and their houses were set on fire. For instance, there was enacted legislature on specific building materials. It was used to oust Chinese out of the city or at least make their life there worse.
There isn’t much left from Chinatown. The most interesting part of it today is a museum on immigration. You learn there about their voyage to the Untied States, their daily life or you can see many photographs.
To be continued...
GPS: (airport) 38°30'45.5"N 121°29'55.7"W
Text: Maxim Kucer
Photo: Wikipedia.org:Amadscientist, DevinCook, Hey Paul, Mark James Miller, Alex Wild
Washington D.C. is undoubtedly one of the most visited of American cities. Today we invite you to take a tour with us and see its sights, monuments and nice places.
In the preceeding weeks, we focused on California’s theme parks. Today, we move thousands of kilometers to the east – to Florida, the sunshine state. Florida is another Mekka of the entertainment industry.
We mentioned last week the great theme park of Islands of Adventure. One of its sections is home to Marvel super heroes. We also took (albeit imaginary) ride on the Incredible Hulk rollercoaster. As its signature superhero the ride is green and you can even experience zero gravity there.
Across the Atlantic, as we often refer to when we mention the United States, is the capital and the largest city at once of Colorado – Denver. The city of 600 thousand its elevation is exactly 1 mile, about 1.6 kilometers. Therefore, many Americans refer to it as the Mile-High City.
Marvel superheroes, Jurassic park... So far it seems this theme park is all boys can dream of. However, to many standing for hours in long lines to get a three-minute thrill is rather a sobering moment.
We left the Islands of Adventure for another theme park of many others surrounding Orlando, Florida. There is a lot to choose from. We, however, take a look at a place that is somewhat closer to us in some respects.
Yosemite National park i sone of the parks in the territory of the Sierra Nevada mountain range (California) It is considered an important park yet i tis ot the oldest one. Also, i tis under UNSECO World Heritage protection, it was listed in 1984. Every year, many tourists go there, mostly in summer. Therefore, it is for the better to do many things in advance. Mostly mountain climbers from all around the world go there as well as people who simply love nature.
Yosemite valley (situated in the area of the park of the same name) is encircled by grey granite rocks rising atop thick forest. El Capitan is the most well-known granite massif. This rock is a place where amazing climbers from all around the world come to. The Nose is the most famous climbing trail. Half Dome is the second most well-known summit. Its name comes after its shape.
The Death Valley national park is named after the valley of the same name which is located in the very park. The name was given during the Golden Rush in the mid-19th century. A road went across this valley down which goldrushers went to reach fortune and fame. They, however, were thirsty, and hungry. They had to kill their oxes and roast them atop burning carriages to survive. For these horrible experiences the valley is named after the death itself.
Great drought, desert landscape, high temperatures - we are in Death Valley national park. It is best to being at a visitor center - there you can get the most important information, map, good advice, and buy the much needed water. There are several visitor centers in the park.
Before we continue in our tour across super fast rollercoasters we tell you how much this fun costs. And sometimes it is even hard to believe what the park actually tries to sell its customers.
Many Americans want to either live in California or start and build their career there. Was California an independent country, it would be one of the strongest economies in the world. Many innovative companies concentrate in the state (especially in the famous Silicon Valley). You can find here San Francisco – the city of which many songs were written. Americans love it not only for the Golden Gate Bridge but for its atmosphere and culture. There is also one of the most famous prison – Alcatraz.
For the last time we visit the most famous theme park in the world and see what else visitors can experience there.
Today we continue in our trip in world famous theme park. We are going to leave Main Street U.S.A. and see other parts of the park.
Last week we introduced you the most famous theme park in the world. It radically change the city of Anaheim. Once a sleepy Californian town became one of the most important cities in the state and revolutionized the entertainment industry.
California is a home to new ideas and innovations. Did you know that here (in San Bernardino) the very first McDonald’s restaurant was opened?
In the east of California there is a place which boasts with the highest ever recorded air temperature. It happened in the summer of 193. The temperature attacked shocking 56,3 degrees of Celsius. Just remember how awful it was last summer when 35 degrees was daily temperature in Prague. Also, the highest ever night air temperature was recorded here – 43 °C.
Today we continue in our trip in California’s Capital – Sacramento. We are going to leave Chinatown to see the historical district of this city of half million.
In the last article devoted to the United States we have learned something about Alcatraz, a former maximum security prison. Now we move from the Rock and have a glimpse at one of the most distinct cities in the US.
I gave myself a four-day vacation in San Francisco in the middle of my two-year au-pair stay in the US. Everyone, who ever was there, never said anything except superlatives and mentioned the difference between east coast and west coast cities.
Next day morning we set out to explore Lombard Street, a street that is world famous for its zigzag character. And really, houses are built to allow everyone who live there to drive in or out on this steep hill.
Los Angeles is the second most populous city in the United States after New York City and at the same time the most populous city in California.
From inglorious Compton with high levels of criminality (decreasing) we move to the place well-known to everyone – Hollywood.
Last week, we were over to Hollywood. It is a place that is in some ways perhaps overrated.