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Warshaw - Poland

Published: 9.8.2010
Warsaw is a capital and the greatest town in Poland at the same time. The town has two millions of inhabitants and is placed along banks of Wisla-river.

In a palace, where Polish King was at table, Chopin music is to be heard. So, no wonder that during a break of piano summer concert, young man welcome an old lady, kissing her hand. We are in Warsaw, of course. This Polish metroplis is full of wonder. The fact that old town of Warsaw exists again, is possible thanks to so called iron will of their inhabitatnts only. So, who is remembering that after crushing of Warsaw uprising in 1944, nearly 85% of all buildings were totally destroyed with special groups of German Wehrmacht, is walking through streets in unbelieving amazement. He can admire King´s Palace, Zikmund´s Column, University Library with its ringing songs, as well as many churches again.

Warsaw was newly established in hands of its nation, putting into reconstruction of their capital countless hours´ of work. Warsaw can be thankful also to painter Canaletto that its new face is very similar to its original. It is true that this painter dead many years ago but his 57 views of town served very well as building drawings. The efforts of Polish people was rewarded with a fact that all newly-reconstructed historical town nucleus was registered in UNESCO Heritage Survey in 1980. Today´s Warsaw is rather hectic but modern town. Local people are looking up to the West. „Ex orient lux, ex occident luxus!“ – this is a saying of humorist Stanislaw Jerzy Lec. So, this affirmation is valid also for the architecture. Many architects from Italy, France or Germany who operated in the town after Warsaw was declared as King´s metropolis in 1596, created, together with Polish building masters, a residential town, with a progress, as a target.

Main Square in Old Town presented always a Warsaw centre. Just on this square, bordered with beautiful civil houses, the people are meeting in caffees, let to be pictured there and start the sightseeing tour, in one from many carriages. So, in Castle Square, they admire Zikmund Column and World Monument, which gives this town, with many statues of Virgin Mary, rather more cosmopolitan character. Even King´s Castle with marvellous marble halls, helped to the progress, when there, a Polish Constitution, the second democratic constitution of the world, was confirmed in 1791. It is also worth to visit University and Opera Buildings, but first of all, Ostrogsky Palace, where Chopin Museum is to be found. The heart of this composer who died in Paris, was transferred to Warsaw in 1850, and it is walled up in one column of St.Cross Church.

Frederick Chopin, the greatest Polish musical composer, was born in the village of Zelazowa, (35 kms distant from Warsaw) and lived certain time in Warsaw, before he definitively left the country. So, in Laziensky Park, his monument is to be found. This courty garden, with a pound, theatre and palace, is one of many parks, where you can enjoy all summer festivities. To the other parks, belong, for instance, so called Saxonian Garden or environs of Belveder Castle. To calm places belongs also a monument dedicted to Jews who lost their lives during uprising in local ghetto.

The Jews formed one third of all Warsaw inhabitants before Second World War.On the other hand, in Praga Quarter, you can see another face of Warsaw. In past, this suburb lived in a shade of historical city centre. As this quarter was not completely destroyed during the war, it presents today not only fragile idyll, but also dynamic town´s quarter. You can find there the greatest market place and also restaurants, where the best meals of Polish kitchen are being served. From Praga, you can enjoy the best views towards historical nucleus of the town. Anyway, you return, walking across Wisla-river bridge, back to busy Warsaw with its elegant shoppping streets, noble hotels and artistic scene, alluring their visitors with its non-traditional galleries. In Nowy Swiat Avenue, Caffee Blikle was re-opened Just here, famous actress Elizabeth Taylor enjoyed excellent carp, on occasion of her stay in Warsaw. This caffee became a symbol of a fact that Warsaw was respecting the history, despite the fact that the town was loving all new things.

Text: Denisa Arvajová

Translation. ing. Jan Jonáš

Photo: picasaweb.com - shmuel, wikipedia.com - Janusz Jurzyk, sfu, Goto, DocentX


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