en.infoglobe.cz » Zakarpattie Region, Kolocava – Following the Traces of an Outlaw

Zakarpattie Region, Kolocava – Following the Traces of an Outlaw

Published: 29.10.2018
What do you think about when somebody mentions the Zakarpattie Region? I think mostly people would say: Kolocava. This little village is known to us from the book Nikola Suhaj Loupeznik. It is situated in the Sinavir National Park. By the way, you can also speak Czech there. Common Czechoslovak history has lured here more and more Czechs.

If you thought that the bandit Nikola Shuhaj is just a fictional character, then you are mistaken. This man (Mikola) was born in 1898 in Nizhny Kolocava and during the First World War he became a military ruler. He steals not only the rich, but also the poor, and only spreads fear.

kolem vesnice se vine řeka Terebla

Due to the theft, jailbreak, organized robberies, and mainly murder of gendarmes, he became the number one man wanted. The then genderarme corps suffered a lot of trouble with him. All Czech genderarme commands were therefore ordered to send reinforcements to Uzhgorod for three months. In total, 100 new gendarmes arrived. Eventually, Mikula and his brother Jura did not fall into gendarmes, but they were betrayed by their buddies. They made them drunk in the woods and killed them with hatches.
At that time, however, Mikola's wife Erzika was pregnant. Their daughter, Anna, who was born after her father's death, lived in Kolocav until her death in 2006. Mikola and Erzika are buried at the local cemetery, each in another part.
This era of the outlawes stage lasted for a year and a half, and the both brothers were captured back in 1921.

čeština tu není cizí   ano, stále se nacházíme na Koločavě

The most frequented places in Kolocava include the Genderarme station - now a guest house and a restaurant where period objects are exhibited. Most of them are in Czech. Another place worth visiting is the Museum of Ivan Olbracht and the open air folk museum of Stare Selo (Old Village). Here you can see how old wooden houses, a mill, a Jewish pub, or a tailor's workshop looked like.

budova četnické stanice   četnická stanice dokumentuje příběh zdejšího zbojníka

The wooden Greek-Catholic church of Holy Spirit is a typical example of Carpathian architecture and the deep faith of the local population. How else can you explain that everything in Transcarpathia is left in such terrible condition, but only churches are always repaired and maintained? Behind the church there is a garden where you can find the tombs of four gendarmes that were murdered by Nikola.

dřevěný kostel sv. Ducha   tento kostel se nachází hned vedle dřevěného kostela

People who love tourism will love this as well. Thanks to Czech volunteers, there is a network of marked tourist trails around Kolocava which expands every year and crosses the entire region of the Zakarpattie. From Kolocava you can climb the red, green and blue signs (this is a bit further from the village).
You can also take a bus from Kolocava, which take you from Chusta and Mizhirje. But do not expect to be comfortable, you are in Transcarpathia. Roads full of munitions and frequent stopping due to cows coming back from pasture give the area its typical atmosphere.

GPS: 48°25'08.2"N 23°44'23.7"E


Text and photos: Michal Hejl

Discussion at the article (0)

Related Articles

Ukraine, Uzhorod – The Paradise of Architecture of the First Czechoslovak Republic
Published: 28.10.2021
Those who love architecture of the first Czechoslovak republic must see Uzhorod, Ukraine. There are structures by many famous Czechoslovak architects and many in their original state. Something what might be called a national art was one of the things holding and buttressing the idea of unified Czechoslovakia.

The Zakarpattia Region – The Lake of Miserable Lovers
Published: 22.10.2018
There is one of the most picturesque places in the Zakarpattia region. It is called Sinavirsko Lake. Its tags points out to its status - the Pearl of the Transcarpathian Sea or the Sea Eye. Already these names suggest that this is an extraordinary place to which a sad legend is attached. The whole area falls under the Sinavir National Park.

Zakarpattie Region – Tourism
Published: 5.11.2018
The wind swells slightly, the grass around waves to its rhythm and besides the singing of birds there is nobody there. Only you and the wild nature. Beautiful, a little mysterious, waiting to be discovered. The massive hills of the peninsula invite to the crossing of their ridges and after a long day and to sleep in the open air. This unspoilt nature awaits you in Transcarpathian Ukraine.

Ukraine, Kiev – Ancient Metropolis – VIDEO
Published: 26.11.2019
On the Dnieper River since the 5th century AD stands the proud city of Kiev. Until today, it has preserved countless monuments, which blend with the architecture of the previous regime and the most modern buildings. Let's go to town together.

The Zakarpattia Region – From As to Jasina is Our Homeland
Published: 15.10.2018
In the era of the First Czechoslovak Republic, the borders of our territory did not end in eastern Slovakia. Czechoslovakia also possessed the region of the Zakarpattia Ukraine, a territory rather known as the Carpathian Ruthenia, but the current official name is the Zakarpattia region. Whatever we call this corner of Ukraine, one is sure - lovers of nature will be enchanted by it.


Czech republic


We were awarded the certificate even thanks to you!

Dôveryhodná firma 2017



Important Information:

Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.

Mobile application:

aplikácia Infoglobe

stiahnuť zadarmo pre Androidstiahnuť zadarmo pre iPhone



Today:wednesday 1. 2. 2023
wednesday 1.2.
2 °C
thursday 2.2.
2 °C

TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.


TIP: INFOGLOBE app is available for your device, download HERE.