Information about state
FRANCE – GENERAL INFORMATION
Population: 61,4 mil.
GNP: + 1,8 % (2007)
Official Language: French
The French Republic is a democratic state in West Europe. The territory of France form also the areas in Caribic, North and South America, Indian Ocean and Pacific. France is e member of NATO, one of founders of European Union and one of 5 constant members of Security Council of United Nations . France is also one of 8 acknowledged nuclear powers.
By approval of Constitution of the Fifth Republic there was expressively strengthened the authority of Executive Commitee in relation to the Parliament. The French President is elected -according to the Constitution – directly for a period of five years. The President nominates a Prime Minister, presides a Cabinet, commands to armed Forces and is closing the agreements.
France is a founder-member of European Union. This fact influences the French Foreign Policy. On 29th May 2005 France refused in a referendum the ratification of the European Constitution , where approx. 55% of population voted „NO“. This result changed critically the future development of European Union, in the same scope as the ability of the country to stay on the position of so called Leader of Europe.
The most part of territory of France is situated in the West of Europe . The borders of the country are: in Northeast with Belgium and Luxembourg, in the East with Germany and Switzerland, in Southeast with Italy and in South with a Spain, Andorra and Monaco.
French Republic is composing also from territories in North and South America, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Caribic and Antarctic.
The continental part of France covers a surface relating to 542 965 square kilometres..
In the North and in the West the countryside is plain with moderate undulation, on the rest of the territory is mostly hilly and uplanded. In the French Alps there is situated the highest point of West Europe – Mont Blanc ( 4810 m) . The other mountains contain the Pyrenees,
the Central Massif, Jura, Vosges, Armor Massif and Ardennes. The biggest French rivers are those as Loire, Rhone, Garonne, seine and part of the Rhine-river.
In France you can meet – thanks to its vastness – various nature phenomena – from sand beaches with palms in the south on French Riviera up to high mountains in French Alps.
The Czech citizen has a claim for a necessary and urgent health care , provided life or health are in danger. Before your trip from Czech Republic we recommend to take from the Branch
of Health Assurance the form E 111 or the European Card of Health Assurance.
In France you have to pay for the medicine service in cash directly to the doctor who issues the Certificate of Care – „Feuille de Soins“. In order to receive the reimbursement for the medicine costs you have to contact the Local Health Assurance (Caisse Primaire d´Assurance Maladie) or relevant Health Assurance in the Czech Republic.
In case of hospital care the pacient has to pay the prescribed participation only:
-medical care – 30% of costs
-labor tests 40% of costs
-medicines 35-65% of costs
-hospital care 20% of costs and EUR 14,- daily for a board at the same time
The repatriation for Czech Republic and in case of death the transport of mortal remains is not considered as an urgent health service. We recommend therefore to take out a life-policy.
There is a densy railway nest in France. The speciality in the country there are Rapid Trains TGV. These are electric driven carriages moved on normal (standard) rails in a speed over 300 kms per hour.
Transport in Paris: by means of underground, by tram or by bus – the nest is very dense.
In France there exist at least 81 daily newspapers, engaging approx. 30000 journalists..
The French press has troubles in last several years, especially by the fact that the sale is dropping. More and more readers of daily press are preferring TV. On the other hand, the first and most expanded media in France there is a regional press. Very popular is also a radio , preferred by 80% of population.
Information and warnings on travelling abroad is to be found HERE.