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CZ, Olomouc – City of Unique Sights I

Published: 15.2.2017
Today, we visit Olomouc a city in central part of Moravia which is known for its smelly cheese, landmarks, flower exhibition and rich history.

It is difficult to say where to actually start for there are many beautiful places in Olomouc. If you like, we will follow our steps together. First, we start on the most popular place among toursists - Horni square. It is a large square with many several landmarks.

Horní square

The first among them is The Holy Trinity column. It is the largest grouping of Baroque sculptures in Central Europe at one place. This 37 meters high monument was built for total of 37 years. Originally, the sand column was white thanks to white lead coating There are sculptures of 18 saints, 12 reliefs of apostles, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary sculptural group and other figures. A small chapel belongs to the column. Thanks to its size, complexity and variety the column made it to UNESCO World Herritage Sites list in the year 2000.

Holy Trinity column

Další dominantou náměstí je olomoucká radnice, která dodnes slouží svému původnímu určení. Je sídlem městské samosprávy, také je zde zřízeno informační centrum, obřadní síň a navštívit můžete i galerii, menší muzejní expozici či restauraci. Budova je čtyřkřídlá s vnitřním dvorem uprostřed. Mezi zajímavé architektonické prvky se řadí gotická kaple sv. Jeronýma a schodiště s renesanční lodžií. Součástí radnice je i 75 metrů vysoká vyhlídková věž, jejíž střechu tvoří jedna středová a čtyři postranní věžičky. Věž je přístupná veřejnosti a nabízí úžasný pohled na město a okolí.

town hall in Olomouc

Největším turistickým lákadlem je ale olomoucký orloj, který je součástí severní stěny radnice. Jeho počátky sahají do 15. století, ale současná podoba v duchu socialistického realismu pochází z roku 1955 a jejím autorem je Karel Svolinský. Vzhled orloje se několikrát měnil, během druhé světové války byl poškozen granátem, později obnoven do původní podoby, až nakonec opět přebudován do nynějšího stavu. Jeho nejstarší částí je heliocentrický ciferník z roku 1898, kterým se řadí mezi světové unikáty.

astronomical clock,town hall, and lookout tower

 astronomical clock, Olomouc   astronomical clock, Olomouc

Musíme zmínit i barokní kašny, které se na Horním náměstí nacházejí. Herkulovu kašnu zdobí bájný hrdina a o kousek dál Caesarovu slavný římský císař. Druhá zmiňovaná kašna patří k nejznámějším a umělecky nejnáročnějším v celé Olomouci. V roce 2002 přibyla ještě novodobá Arionova kašna, která je inspirovaná antickou mytologií.

Arion's fountain

Hercules' fountain   Horní square

Before we see other beautiful nooks in this city let's talk about it history for a while. Olomouc is city surrounded by fertile land of Hana. The River Morava runs through the city and about 100 thousand people live htere in the present. Both Olomouc and Brno constituted important social, political, and educational centers of Moravia. The archbishopric, Moravian Philharmony, or the second oldest university in the Czech Republic (the Palacky University) are all seated in this city.

Olomouc

The first settlement dates back to the early Paleolithe age. The Romans were also present here and left traces of their presence. The Slavs came in the 6th century AD. The farming settlement's importance had been on the rise and soon it became a stronghold.  In the 10th century, it was referred to as a fortified settlement and it became the military-administrative center of the Premyslid dynasty in the same century. Not before long, the bishopric has its seat here (1063) and Olomouc castle would be built few years later. King Wenceslas III was assassinated in the cityi n 1306 and with him Premyslid's male branch died out.

Horni square

Olomouc was given the priviledge as the first city in Moravia in 1314. Hunderd years later Olomouc is allowed to mint its own coins. Between the years 1642 and 1650 the Swedes occupied the city. Hundred years later the Prussians for change. Then the city became a part of the Habsburg monarchy. W. A. Mozart visited Olomouc and composed 6th symphony F-dur there. A railroad connected Olomouc and Wien in 1841. Four years later a railroad line joined it with Prague. Eduard Konrad Zirm wrote history in 1905. He was the senior doctor of the eye department of the Olomouc hospital and performed world's first cornea transplantation. 

The Holy Trinity Column

The modern history of the city is linked to the expansion and including surroundings towns. The city center was decalred historic reserve (the second largest in the Czech Republic). Saint John Paull II visited the city and sanctified Zdislava and Jan Sakander. In 1997, desctructive flood damaged the city.

Olomouc is one of the most important royal cities in the Czech Republic. We invite you to join us for another tour there next week.

GPS: 49°35'38.2"N 17°15'03.2"E

 

Text and photos: Oskár Mažgút



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