First aid

How to hand first aid, how would your medicine-chest look like ?

PROCEEDINGS  DURING FIRST AID

 

-          Orientation: find, what happened, think over and organise further steps of emergency actions, recklessly or dangerous actions and not desirable

-          Safety: find if further danger does not threaten to rescuers or savers.

-          Finding of  saver´s state.

-          Calling of special aid: phone-line 155 or 122 from mobil phone

-          Continue in enliving or sicknursing of injured person...

You have to drill regularly the emergency as well as first aid !

 

FINDING OUT THE STATE OF RESCUED PERSON

-          does the person react upon voice, touch or sting?

Consciousness control:

At consciousness: to find signs of possible injuries

attendance: of shock, undercooling (Hypothermia), serious injuries, to follow state of suffered person.

At state of unconsciousness: to free respiratory ways – to remove possible obstacles

(in case of suspicion of back-bone /spine/ injury  do not bow the head )

 

Breathing control: to push the lower jaw in front

find, if the patient respires (by means of  hearing, sight or touch)

Patient respires (breathes):  - his position must be stabilized

                                                       regular control of pilse and respiration

                                                       nursing of shock, undercooling and serious injuries

Patient does not respire:  (more than 1 rescuer: help-calling is absolutely necessary!)

                                                 immediately do two breaths from mouth to mouth!

Pulse control:  by means of two fingers on neck to measure  for 10 second at least (count loudly)

PULSE  IS TO BE  TANGIBLE: 1 minute of breathing from mouth to mouth

PULSE IS NOT TO BE TANGIBLE: 1 minute of resuscitation – i.e. breathing and heart massage

 

BREATHING FROM MOUTH TO MOUTH:

-          open all respiration (breathing) ways ( push the lower jaw in front)

-          block well the nose and mouth, use the mask

-          respire regularly

-          let a time for expiration , control movement of chest

-          pulse control

 

RESUSCITATION (KPR):

(first 2x breath in – inhale – 1 breath takes 1-2 second approx.)

1 RESCUER                                                  2 RESCUERS          

15x breathes in heart massage (count)      15x chest compression     2 quick breathes in

(frequency of chest compression: 80-100/min.)

2x breath in - heart massage

not to be interrupted

pulse control

count loudly

rescuers change necessary

Continue in resuscitation up to the moment when the pulse will be found and respiration will function or up to a moment when doctor arrives !

Warning: copying of this material is expressly allowed and compiledc with use of ČLK (Czech Doctor Chamber), ČČK (Czech Red Cross), BRC, AHA, AWA.

 

PREVENTION

-          Do not walk alone !

-          Do not overestimate your possibilities !

-          Do not forget to wear warm dress!

-          Do not underestimate bad weather !

 

PROCEEDINGS AT  DROWNING  RESCUE

-          water rescue

-          putting of suffered person to a safe place

-          finding of state of victim and call of experted help

-          first aid (resuscitation)

-          transport to the hospital

Attention to possible spine injury – not to move a lot with a suffered person !

TWO ASSUMPTIONS OF SUCCESSFULL RESCUE

 

  1. Rescue organisation ( one manages and other work as a team):

-          keep calm, prevent a panic

-          nominate a rescue-leader

-          exclude threaten rescuers as well as victim

-          stipulate rescue stages – coordination of activities of all participants

  1. Practical knowledge of first aid  (priorities):

-          transition of respiratory ways

-          breathing control

-          pulse control

-          call for special help

-          nursing

 

OUTDOOR PERSONAL MEDICINE-CHEST

-          material: antiseptic napkins, disinfection, plasters, steril bandages, stick tie, three-cornered kerchief, elastic roller.

-          medicines: analgeticuk against pain, antipyreticum for fewer dropping, antihistaminica against insect sting, local antibiotikum (Framykoin). means against diarrhoea.

-          others: rubber gloves, cover for used material, scissors, writting accessories, lighter, safety pins, pincette, mask for artificial respiration. thermofolie for undercooling (Hypothermia).

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Place

Czech republic

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Today:sunday 22. 10. 2017
Holiday:Sabina
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